Embryonic Stem cells were first found in 1981 using mice and monkeys. In the year 1995 the first human embryo was used for research. In 1998 researchers successfully isolated the embryonic stem cell and grown them in a lab (Tester). There are some restrictions to the embryonic stem cell research. The embryos used should be excess embryos created and no longer needed. No payment should be offered and a clear separation of the donors consent to create embryos for reproduction or for research (Neal). Embryonic stem cells come from a fertilized egg, which makes a hollow ball of 250 cells Korean).
Embryonic stem cells are gathered from couples who create an in-vireo- fertilized egg. Embryos stored in a coronary become available to research with the consent of the parents. The best working embryos are incubated long enough to become balloonists (Korean). Embryos can also be grown in a lab. They are generated by transferring from the pre-implantation to the culture dish. They the spread and divide across the dish becoming blueprinting where it can then change into any type of cell tissue (“What are There are two test used in determining the presence of embryonic stem ells.
The first test is a Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer; it is used when the embryo has 100 cells. It is then stimulated by shock and starts to divide where the blastoffs is destroyed within five to seven days. The second test is a Bloodstream Extraction produced by Doctor Robert Lana. The blaster removes the cell from the inner mass of the embryo and does not harm the embryo (“Harvesting … M). Embryonic stem cell is called “infant cells” because they have not picked a profession. The cells are removed from embryos then are divided and renew or a long time.
The protein Cot. 4 turns the genes on and off (Tester). This means the RNA has not been triggered to develop into cells and can be made into anything (Meyer). There are some ethical issues involved with embryonic stem cells. Some people consider the early stage of the embryo to be a living person. Embryonic stem cells play a role in religion and politics. The most fought over controversy is some of the volunteer ova detonators are paid to donate the ova. Because of these issues the government has limited the amount of ending they can receive (Korean).
There are many ways embryonic stem cells can be used for treatments. They can be injected into the heart of a heart attack victim to grow new heart cells. The cells can be put into pancreatic patients to produce more insulin. The embryonic stem cells can be used in Parkinson disease patient to produce a nerve cell dopamine (Tester). Doctor has produced synthetic blood during blood shortenings. Embryonic stem cells can grow the tiny hair cells in the ear of patients who have hearing loss.