Emergency management Essay
A broad definition of disasters Include the fact that they are dramatic, sudden, unscheduled events that are often accompanied by large losses of human life, suffering and affliction to a society or a significant part of it, and a temporary breakdown of prevailing lifelines and systems - Emergency management Essay introduction. Such events cause considerable material damages and Interrupt the normal functioning of an economy and of society in general (Otter and Marti, 1995).
All communities face some risk of natural disaster or other emergency, and how it is handled at the local, state and national levels determines the impact of the aftermath of the disaster. Developing nations In particular, experience pervasive risk of devastation, human ND property loss resulting from human and natural disasters. According to Henderson (2004), this level of risk can be attributed to socio-economic stress, aging disaster and insufficient fiscal and economic resources to carefully implement the preparedness, response, mitigation and recovery components of integrated emergency management.
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Disasters are clearly a development problem. First, because certain natural phenomena, including those of hydro-meteorological, geodesic and volcanically origin tend to have greater effects on developing countries than on developed countries. Second, because several factors associated Ninth a low level of development exacerbate such effects. Thirdly, the impact of natural phenomena on the prospects for long-term development is considerably greater in less developed countries (BID, SEPAL, 2000).
Emergency Management or Disaster Management is the effective and efficient organization and management of resources and responsibilities when dealing with all aspects of emergencies, disasters or terrorist attacks. Emergency management involves plans, structures and arrangements established to engage government, volunteer, businesses and nonprofits in a comprehensive and coordinated way to mitigate the implications of a disaster, terrorist attack or emergency (Coleman 2005).
Emergency management is divided into three distinct phases. Three Phases of Emergency Management are: Planning Response Recovery Following a disaster, certain steps have to be taken in order to initiate a response to the crisis, and ultimately ensure recovery of the infrastructure. This response requires intergovernmental relations (as discussed in Module 4 in class). These interactions are necessary in order for the roles and responsibilities of the different evils of government to be carried out effectively.
Activating necessary local governments and organizations that are signatory to mutual aid compacts. Activating response agreements with State and Federal departments or agencies. Using local resources, expending local funds; and waiving the usual bidding process for goods and services. Requesting the State Emergency Management Agency (SEEM) to provide State and/or Federal assistance. Provides the initial emergency response through its service agencies. Activates the Emergency Operations Center (EEOC) and the Emergency Operations Plan (POP).
Coordinates the response with public and private organizations. Notifies State emergency management of the scope of the situation. Activates mutual aid. Requests assistance from the State A vast majority of these roles require endorsement from the state and federal governments, which is characteristic of the Dildo’s Rule that gives preeminence to the federal government, and regards the local government as a creature of the state, ND by extension, a creature of the federal government also.
Emergency Management Essay
Catastrophes are not average, they are great exceptions - Emergency Management Essay introduction. Disaster planning must deal with the unknown. There is no where on earth that is risk free, so we must find cost effective ways to minimize destructive events to the best of our ability. This paper will lay out a rudimentary training plan that will assist Emergency Managers in planning for events. This will not detail the event, but lay a framework that can be used in any form. 1. Discussion All emergency management must contain some basic principles.
The most basic, is a chain of command. There must be one designated person that is overall in charge of each and every event to establish effective command and control. A command center needs to be established and this can be a vehicle and building or any space that can be obtained in a safe zone close to the disaster. Communications must be established in any event, so training on any system must be done and as frequently as possible. Standard reports and returns to be established and issued.
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Dependant on the size and nature of the event, the team will expand as required. In the case of both Chernobyl, and Bhopal, large teams would have been required due to both the size and the level of the events. Upon arrival or notification of either of these events, the first step is always to gather as much information as possible to determine, is anyone left inside? What is the perimeter that must be secured? What is the safety zone that has to be established? We must educate ourselves on the outside before we can be of any benefit to the inside.
It would be ludicrous to send in rescue workers without the proper Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) to any event. In order to this, we must ensure that we have valid information to issue the appropriate PPE. After the initial cordon and information gathering, we then look at rescue operations from inside facilities if necessary. Concurrent with these events, it is critical that all information gathered be given to both your designated media officer, and local hospitals and emergency responders to ensure that they can respond to the crisis and are as prepared as possible.
During this recovery phase, media becomes paramount. It is critical that the right information is given to the public. Liaison Officer Cells will need to be established and dispatched to major hospitals that we would send any casualties. A cell would be established to deal with deal with any victims families, and to ensure that there wellbeing is looked after. Education and training are essential tools to any plan. Both of these need to be conducted at as many levels as possible.
Educating the hospitals and any potential responder in what the worst case scenario that they would deal with enables them to educate themselves on what specialized medical gear or procedures would be required. Ensuring responders know the risks associated with events of these natures are critical. Proper training in the use of PPE associated with these events should be mandatory. Evacuation procedures need to be established and practiced with contingency plans used throughout. 2. Conclusion As disasters are rare, it makes planning for them difficult.
It is very easy to overlook something that might happen only once on a generation or even less frequently than that. We must always be prepared to react to any event regardless of the size and magnitude. The key principles of planning should not change, but simply expand or contract dependant on the specific needs of the event.
1. Drabek TE & Hoetmer GJ (1991), “emergency Management: Principles & Practice for Local Government”. 2. McEntire DA (2007), “Disaster Response and Recovery, “ Wiley Interscience, A John Wiley & Sons Inc. Publication.