English Speech on Drugs and the effects - Drugs Essay Example

Hello my name is Keri and I’m here today to talk to you about drugs and their effects - English Speech on Drugs and the effects introduction. I will also be talking about the law of drugs and consequences.

Every year about 40,000 people in the UK are arrested for drug offences. About 38,000 of these get caught with a small amount of cannabis, a ‘tab’ or two, or a couple of E’s. Depending on the class of drug they are caught with and amongst other things, what they plan to do with it depends on the consequences they receive.

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The law divides drugs into 3 classes – A, B and C, with class A drugs carrying the heaviest penalties.

Class A – includes ecstasy, acid, cocaine, heroin and methadone, mushrooms if they are prepared and speed if it’s prepared for injection.

If someone is found carrying any of these for possession they can get up to 7 years imprisonment or an unlimited fine or both.

However if someone is found carrying any of these for production or dealing then they face up to a life imprisonment or an unlimited fine or both.

Class B – includes speed, Ritalin and Pholcodine.

For possession of any of these drugs you can face up to 5 years imprisonment or an unlimited fine or both.

For production or dealing you can face up to 14 years imprisonment or an unlimited fine or both.

Class C – includes cannabis, tranquillisers, GHB (Gamma Hydroxybutyrate) and some painkillers without prescription.

For possession of any of these drugs you can face up to 2 years imprisonment or an unlimited fine or both.

For production or dealing you can face up to 14 years imprisonment or an unlimited fine or both.

For those of you who don’t know what possession means, this is where you get caught with drugs that you’re going to use yourself. A report will be sent to the Procurator Fiscal to decide whether or not to prosecute you or not. Depending on the class of drug you’re caught with and individual circumstances, you may get up to 7 years imprisonment or an unlimited fine or both.

If you’re caught with drugs and it looks like you have bought them to sell, or give to your friends, you could be charged with possession with intent to supply or supplying drugs. Either offence can mean up to life imprisonment or an unlimited fine or both.

Now I bet your thinking she’s just going on a bit now but this is information and facts that you should know and I’m sure not many of you know them all!

So lets have a little activity! If you seen these lying around somewhere, lets say in your mates house, what would you think they were? Any ideas? (Show picture of LSD)

Ok, moving on now.

Now I’m sure everyone’s heard of drink driving, but you don’t often hear about drugs and driving. However, it’s still illegal. Research shows that 9% of drivers in the 17-39 age groups reported ever having driven under the influence of illegal drugs and that the most common drug used was cannabis.

Drugs that impair your driving need not be illegal ones like ecstasy or cannabis. They can be medicines that are sold over the counter like some cough medicines.

Driving under the influence of drugs can seriously affect your driving ability, increasing your risk of having an accident and endangering both your life and the lives of others.

The effects of driving under the influence of drugs include:

* Impaired co-ordination

* Distorted visual perception

* Over-confidence

* Loss of concentration

* Increased risk taking behaviour

* Inappropriate driving

* Reduced ability to judge distances and speeds

It is an offence to drive a motor vehicle whilst impaired through the use of drugs and if found guilty you will be:

* Disqualified from driving

* Fined up to a maximum of �5,000 or receive 6 months imprisonment.

Recently there have been cases of drug assisted sexual assault or drug rape as it’s more commonly known as. This is a violent act that takes place with no screams and no apparent resistance from the victim, yet it can leave the same scars as any assault – physical, emotional and psychological. In essence it can happen to anyone – male or female. Research shows that in over 50% of drug rape cases the drug was administrated through alcohol and 70% of attackers were known to their victim in some way. Drug rape is not a crime exclusively perpetrated on women – 12 per cent of known victims have been male. The drugs usually used in drug rape cases are:

* GHB (gamma hydroxy butyrate)

* Ketamine

* Rohypnol

* Alcohol

* Cannabis

These drugs can:

* Give you a feeling of euphoria or the sense of sleepwalking and being unaware of what is happening around you.

* Cause a numbing sensation in you lips and tongue.

* Be strongly hypnotic, making you extremely open to suggestions and likely to behave in a manner out of character.

* Produce adverse physical effects such as decreased blood pressure, memory impairment, drowsiness, visual disturbances, dizziness and confusion.

* Produce gastrointestinal disturbance and urinary retention.

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