Essay About Taylorism - Management Essay Example

His system of the Industrial Management was the huge influence on the development of the industries of many countries around the glob [1]. He innovated the industrial engineering massively. His specific research area was time study and motion study [3]. Taylor’s mother was his teacher for his early education. He completed his two years of schooling in two different European countries Germany and France. In year 1872 he joined Phillips Exeter Academy at Exeter, New Hampshire to study ‘Law’.

Between years 1874 and 1878 he worked in the shops of the “Enterprise Hydraulic Works”, a pump manufacturing company in Philadelphia, there he learned the trades of mechanism. Then after in very next year he joined the Midvale Steel Company, at Philadelphia. Initially Taylor disappointed his parents by working in a metal products factory, first as a machinist and next as a foreman [4]. But; within next twelve years he raised his position and got promoted at the post of a chief engineer in the same company.

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Again after few years i. e. in 1883, he obtained his “Master of Engineering” degree at ‘Stevens Institute of Technology’, Hoboken, New Jersey. He invented many innovative things in machinery and manufacturing part during these years. The outstanding one he designed and constructed was the largest successful steam hammer ever built in the United States on April 1st, 1890 (patent No. 424,939). [2] The series of the patenting went on till year 1898; including some successful agreements and assignments forth. [5]

What Is Taylorism? Taylor was approaching to do something innovative in the Work, Organization and Management of employment relations with the scientific approach in it, which he elaborated, to the world. * Maximum level of the job fragmentation (equal work division). * Separate planning and doing work (scientific task designing). * ‘Direct labor’ and ‘indirect labor’ should be separate. * A minimization of skill requirements (scientific selection). * A minimization of handling component parts and material. [9]

Taylor’s first report covering large area of his work very precisely, which he called “Shop Management,” got published in the year 1903 in the journal of the “American Society of Mechanical Engineers” [6]. The centerpiece of his publications and principle was ‘Systematic management” on the basis of ‘time study’ [6]. Taylor believed that the most basic and small task can be planned in a way that it give more fruitful results and that is why time study is important and innovative on this basis he given the principle of ‘Scientific Management’ [7].

He concluded that the scientific training for working to the each worker would isolate the best qualities [7] by the experiments he performed called ‘motion studies’ [2]. His aim to perform experiments was the application of scientific management could give result to positive outcomes by implementation by managers on their workers [7]. Interesting Thing About Taylorism Basically the principle Taylor represented is quit simple and easy to understand and even easier to apply in routine work. Fragmentation in the given task makes thee task easier and even good for the better outcome [9].

It increased the strength of various techniques to control work. Example: One of the time and motion experiments that Taylor redesigned was the loading of ‘pigs’ of iron into an open railroad car. By redesigning and breaking down the workers movements Taylor managed to improve the employee’s efficiency and loading from 12. 5 long tons a day to 47. 5 long tons a day [7]. Scientific management or in other words “Taylorism” is the name of the approach to management and industrial and organizational psychology initiated by Frederick Winslow Taylor in his most famous monograph ‘The Principles of Scientific Management’ in 1911.

Significance And The Factors That Influenced To Write About Taylorism What I believe that Taylor presented his idea to the world and it created revolution. He developed few basic concepts of work management, production management and the pattern of doing work. Before his ‘Scientific Management’ concept these all did never exist. The influence of his theory was general human behavior. He found a new way of giving job task to the workers on their capability of doing a task.

He promoted an idea that there is one right way to do anything and apparently he became successful in it. I believe his mechanical engineering background influenced him to do so. Although some criticized Taylorism by saying it rigid and less yielding what I believe is, it was revolutionary as well as responsible for the complete removal of workers’ autonomy and distractive factors of their work. Taylorism make the relation between manager and works so simple that gave very good outcomes in production part.

The modern industry is hardly accepting the principles of Taylor but somewhere those principles are responsible for the development of the Taylorism. By looking at the positive side of the Taylor’s principle (which is good enough to get influenced) I think it is not easy to represent a principle causing a big revolution. Weakness Of The Taylorism What I feel that the weakest point of the Taylorism is that although it is like revolution in organization and management; application of the scientific management was affecting to create monopoly.

Some class of the workers accepted that and some didn’t. It just developed the outcome of the whole process but somewhere autonomy, making out specific tasks, variations in the skills and innovation in the specific work was lacking [7]. Few people criticized the principle by saying that “his methods were rarely accepted because it was seeking extreme specification and specialization for specific work” [8]. Conclusion Taylor had used the term “time and motion studies,” involving stopwatches and slow-motion photography, in order to determine the “most efficient” means of doing things.

As time went on, however, Taylor and his followers became more fanatically obsessed with efficiency and division of labor until their recommendations resembled the workings of military institutions. This eventually led to factory strikes and a Congressional investigation into Taylorist practices. Talking about the Taylorism today; it’s not really dead. The followers just do their best to hide their natural liking for it. In a nutshell “Tayorism still exist”. References 1. Frank Barkley Copley, Frederick W.

Taylor (1923, reprinted 1969): Father of Scientific Management, 2 vol. 2. “Frederick Winslow Taylor”. Dictionary of American Biography Base Set. American Council of Learned Societies, 1928-1936. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich. : The Gale Group. 2003. 3. F. W. Taylor & Scientific Management by Vincenzo Sandrone pp. – 12 4. The Wall Street Journal Bookshelf, June 13, 1997 pp. -A17 5. Patents, F. W. Taylor Collection, Stevens Institute Of Technology, Viewed on 21 March 2013. <http://web. archive.

org/web/20071112144955/http://www. lib. stevens-tech. edu/collections/fwtaylor/guide/part1/patents. html>. 6. Aitken, Hugh G. J. Taylorism at Watertown Arsenal: Scientific Management in Action, 1908–1915. Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1960. 7. Fredrick Taylor and Scientific Management, Net MBA Business Knowledge Center, Viewed on 23 March 2013. <http://www. netmba. com/mgmt/scientific/>. 8. Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism, 1998 Gale Cengage. 9. Bratton, J. et al. (2007)“Work & Organizational Behaviour”. 2nd edition 2010. pp. -49-50.

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