In the case study of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) administrators, the main ethical issue was the use of power. When John Spencer became administrator of the EPA, he made the decision by himself to buy a membership of the chamber of commerce. Not only was this an ethical issue, but was also illegal under federal guidelines. Even though the purchase did not occur, he failed to consider the advice from employees and he was going to use taxpayer funds. Therefore, it was also a conflict of public interest since the public did not have an opinion on it or even aware of the situation. During his period in office as administrator, he continued to use public funds without justifying the expenses (O’Leary, 2014). In addition, he would intimidate/threaten any employee who questioned his decisions. As an administrator, Spencer brought up many ethical issues. He failed to be loyal to the Constitution and the law by breaking several laws such as the Civil Service Reform Act. He also used government money for personal expenses and failed to be honest multiple times while performing his duties. He gave preferential treatment to agencies when he did not implement clean up orders and failed to protect government property when he allowed outside agencies access to confidential information (US Office of Government Ethics, 2000). Similarly, when Robie Russell was assigned as EPA administrator, many ethical issues arose. He conducted meetings with only other administrators he trusted. The deputy administrator was not included and was only allowed to express his opinions in a pre-meeting with the division directors. Russell was also deleting negative comments from reports before releasing them to the public, which went against advancing the pub.
. .ged, listening, and understanding the organization (O’Leary, 2014).
Works CitedAmerican Society for Public Administration. (2013). Practices to promote the ASPA code of ethics. Retrieved from http://www.aspanet.org/public/ASPADocs/ASPA%20Code%20of%20Ethics- 2013%20with%20Practices.pdf Cooper, T. L. (2012). The responsible administrator: An approach to ethics for the administrative role (6th ed.). New York, NY: Jossey-Bass. O’Leary, R. (2014).The ethics of dissent: Managing guerrilla government (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: CQ Press. US Environmental Protection Agency, 2013. Clean Water Act (CWA). Retrieved from http://www.epa.gov/agriculture/lcwa.html U.S. Office of Government Ethics. (2000). A brief wrap on government ethics. Retrieved from http://www.oge.gov/uploadedFiles/Education/Education_Resources_for_Ethics_Officials /Resources/bkbriefwrap_00.pdf