Expedition of Cabot - Mexico Essay Example
Failing to hear from the Loaisa Expedition, King Charles I sent another expedition - Expedition of Cabot introduction. He put Sebastian Cabot, another famed Italian navigator, in charge. The expedition consisted of four ships and 250 men. The expedition left Seville, Spain, on April 3, 1526. During the trip to South America, Cabot quarrelled with his captains. The men had been discontented because of the poor food. They mutinied when the expedition reached Brazil. But Cabot succeeded in suppressing the mutiny and the expedition continued its voyage.
Cabot explored the Rio de la Plata (River of Silver) in Argentina and stayed in that region for three years. Cabot thought there was a passage to the Pacific Ocean. The crew was attacked by the hostile Indians, and Cabot eventually lost his flagship. Half of his men perished from famine and disease. Discouraged by his failure to find the way to the Pacific, Cabot returned to Spain in August 1530. His expedition had been a dismal failure. EXPEDITION OF SAAVEDRA The expedition left port of Zihuatanejo, Mexico on November 1, 1527.
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Saavedra carried a letter from Cortes addressed to the King of Cebu. In his letter, Cortes solicited the friendship of the Cebuanos, asked to be allowed to trade with them, and offered pay a ransom for any Spaniard who might be a prisoner in Cebu. A violent storm in mid-pacific sank two of the ships. With only one ship remaining, the expedition reached Guam on December 29 and took possession of Yap Island in the name of the King of Spain. Early in 1528, the ship reached Mindanao, where the men rescued two survivors of the Magellan expedition. Saavedra ransomed them $70 in Mexican gold.
From Mindanao, Saavedra steered his ship to Cebu, but unfavorable winds drove it to Tidore, in present day Indonesia, where they found the Survivors of the Loisa expedition. Twice Saavedra tried to return to Mexico but failed. He died at sea on October 9, 1529. Before his death, he instructed his men to return to Tidore in case the weather did not permit them to sail for Mexico. The survivors of his expedition, together with Loaisa’s men, landed at Tidore but were captured there by the Portuguese. A few escaped and the others returned to Europe on board Portuguese ships.