Explain why there is a need for world development
There is a need for world development because the gap between the rich and poor is getting wider and many lives are lost needlessly.
The reasons for lack of development are because of war and some less developed countries spend more of their money on weapons that could be used to send all children to school. Also, war destroys land, homes, hospitals, schools, and leave people to flee o other neighboring countries, causing that country to also become poor. Some chemicals also contaminate the ground so that nothing can be grown there.
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There are many deaths that are easily treatable but cause so many deaths in the ‘third world’. The less developed countries are poor because they may have corrupt government officials that spend money on less important things such as civil wars and the production of weapons. The money isn’t equally distributed throughout the world, some people have luxuries that are unnecessary such as pointless electronics e.g. hair dryers when others starve to death and struggle to survive.
Some people argue that we do help the less developed countries by giving them food but this only comes not so often. The solution is to attack the root of the problem perhaps improving their agriculture. Malnutrition causes many infant deaths. Some people argue that there are too many people in the world but they only give birth to so many children because they need people to work for them and keep them alive. The high infant mortality rate is caused by malnutrition; this is why they give birth to so many children. With the population increasing so quickly, there is a land shortage so they migrate to urban areas in hopes of finding good jobs but they don’t have an education therefore they often end up unemployed and hungry, leading to spiritual poverty. This is the poverty chain.
Developed countries lend money to the developing countries at a high interest. They have to borrow this money to survive and begin to develop, causing them to be in dept. The only solution for the developing countries is to grow cash crops (coffee, tea, tobacco) to sell to the developed countries to pay off debts and if the cost of cash crops drop, this leads to many people to stave because the land is all being used up to grow cash crops. They must hope that the developed countries will buy these cash crops or else they have no money to pay back therefore, the rich countries set the price because the poor countries cant afford to bargain. This is unfair trade.
Some argue that it’s the climates fault, and that nothing can grow with all these droughts but this is caused by global warming, and this is caused by ‘the first world’. Because of malnutrition, when a drought comes they are too weak and many die. Also, malnutrition causes the people to become more prone to diseases. Some may argue ‘it’s none of our business’ however we depend on them to grow cotton for our clothes but we should ensure they aren’t starving.