Extreme activities are activities that push humans to their physical limit and test their responses to the most difficult of activities. They often involve any of: adrenaline rush, danger, exertion, height and speed; skiing is an example of a sport that has all of these attractions.
Examples of others of the most popular, thrilling and dangerous extreme activities are bungee jumping, skydiving, parachuting, climbing, biking, diving and flying.To an extent, extreme sports need to go against culture, to fit the classification, for example road cycling is not considered an extreme sport, because it is not countercultural enough, even though it is top of the ranking for the sport causing the most injuries. Extreme activities often have to fall into a category where – if anything goes wrong – the person doing the sport is likely to die. Extreme activities often have to take place in extreme environments, for example, mountain climbers need mountains and ice walkers need and ice cap/glacier.
2. Ice walkers require an environment cold enough to produce ice features.How Extreme Sports Differ from Cultural and Traditional SportsExtreme sports differ from traditional sports in many ways. Extreme sports are rarely sanctioned by schools (rock-climbing, skiing and biking being exceptions), obviously because of the health and safety risks, schools prefer to focus on traditional sports, because they are safer.
Another difference between the two is that extreme sports tends to be individual (except paintballing and rafting), whereas there are much more traditional sports which are played as teams. Another significant difference is the major part that conditions play, it is impossible to control the weather and terrain conditions in many extreme sports, whereas conditions are constant for all competitors in traditional sports (except athletics field events).This means that, in an extreme sport, a competitor is not only battling its opponent, but is battling environmental obstacles, which can change in their favour or their opponent’s favour. Examples of changing conditions include: changing snow conditions for snow boarders, wave height and shape for surfers and wind strength, for parachutists, hang gliders, skydivers and windsurfers.
Another, more general difference is that traditional sports have judgement criteria for who the winner is, whereas extreme sports tend to reject unified judging methods, this has the advantage of easily being able to evolve assessment standards, with developments in the sport. Another general difference is the surface on which the sports are played, extreme activities are played almost equally on land, in water and in the air, whereas traditional sports are almost always on land, with some in water.4: If it snows on a football pitch, it snows for everyone. Football is an example of a traditional team sport.
3: This windsurfer fell, because of uncontrollable conditions (wind). Windsurfing is a solitary extreme sport example.Attractions of Extreme Activities5. If a parachute does not open, the parachutist is likely to die; even if the parachute does open, there are dangers.
Who is attracted?Although extreme sports attract a diverse age range, they are most popular among young adults.Why are they attracted?These activities are often attractive because of the exertion of the activity and danger of death, if anything goes wrong. Another attraction of an extreme activity could be the challenge; people push themselves to the limits in extreme activities, in order to achieve a personal goal.Extreme Environment TourismWhat is Extreme Environment Tourism?6.
These are examples of extreme environments; the desert and Arctic exhibit extreme climates, mountains exhibit dangerous climate and landscape (the landscape also makes various extreme sports possible) and the Amazon exhibits dangerous landscape (rivers and jungles, where you are easy prey for the various dangerous animals), climate (in the form of rare climatic events) and wildlife (attractive, because it is fascinating and dangerous). They are sparsely populated by humans.Extreme environment tourism involves areas that are hard for humans to live in, and development of tourism has only recently begun. The activities – that are available and necessary for survival – often including exertion and risk.
These areas are often dangerous because of the landscape, climate and/or wildlife. Another thing that makes extreme environments so extreme is the low population of the areas, this is caused by the difficulty people have with living in these environments, it results in the areas being overrun with wild animals and having no services for humans. Extreme environments often include either: mountains, deserts, rainforests, sparse population, caves and ice-covered terrain. Tourism in extreme environments can also be called ‘shock tourism’ or ‘adventure tourism’, an example is travelling across the uninhabited Chernobyl Alienation Zone.
Attractions of Extreme EnvironmentsWho is attracted?Holidays to extreme locations are often expensive, this is because the distances are great and the groups are small. The groups are small because the airports often can’t accommodate large planes, there are not enough services to sustain large groups and extreme tourism is not as popular as mass tourism. If the groups were larger, the cost of the flight would be less for each person, because it would be shared out between more people. Because of the expense and danger of the holiday, you obviously need rich people without the responsibility to stay alive to look after their families.
As well as this, the people need to be relatively young and fit, in order to be able to stand the physical exertion of the holiday. This means unmarried people with accumulated wealth, good income and physical fitness are attracted by extreme environments. People who fit this description are often around 30 years old. People also have to be quite adventurous, in order to be attracted by extreme environments.
High latitude environments, such as mountains attract adventurous people, who like a physical challenge.Why are they attracted?As mass tourist locations become overcrowded, tourists begin to look for holidays in areas, where human population is low. As with extreme sports, the attraction of extreme tourism is the danger, exertion and risk, that cause an adrenaline rush. Tourists wanting an extreme holiday are attracted to tropical areas, because of the annual climate and climatic events that happen during certain seasons.
The wildlife is also an attraction, as it is mostly deadly, dangerous and interesting. The attractions of mountains and other locations of high latitude are cold, snow, hiking, climbing, biking, skiing, snow boarding and physical challenge. Deserts are attractive, because the lack of people and buildings give people peace, solitude and the ability to drive off-road vehicles, such as quad bikes.