F. D. Roosevelt and H. Truman and their approach towards Soviet Union

F - F. D. Roosevelt and H. Truman and their approach towards Soviet Union introduction. D. Roosevelt and H. Truman and their approach towards Soviet Union

            United States Presidents Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman are the two American leaders who have faced years of war in their time as Presidents of the United States. Franklin Roosevelt served from 1933 to 1945, while his successor Harry Truman, served from 1945 to 1953. They are undoubtedly two of the most experienced Presidents the country ever had, having been able to lead the United States of America during the Second World War. They are always compared to each other, often because of Truman being the successor of Roosevelt. They share a few things in common, including their reputations against communism and the Soviet Union.

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            United States President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the person who has popularized the term “Great Arsenal of Democracy” (Historical Boys’ Clothing, 2003). This was featured in his famous radio broadcasts during his presidency, which was known as the “fireside chats”. This Arsenal of Democracy was not only directed to the Americans alone, but instead, it was an eye-opener, a call-to-arms for all those who have had their shares of hardships in the hands of the fascist rulers and corroborators. This was focused to those who are in Europe and Asia, who had been devastated by the wars that have been put up by these Axis powers.

At this point, the Axis powers were comprised of Germany, Italy, and Japan, who were recognized as the main antagonists of the war. This is the time where the United States will mobilize to pacify what has been one of the most devastating wars in the history. President Roosevelt led the United States of America in taking the first step against communism by unifying the people who are against this problem and taking action in order to take it down (MoreOrLess.au.com, 2001). President Roosevelt didn’t take Soviet Union as a whole; instead he expressed his opposition against those who playing a key role in the communism in Soviet Union, which is mainly Germany. Roosevelt aided the war-torn countries of the soviet with economic and military help in order to further oppose the communists.

On the other hand, Harry Truman coming up in the later years of the war expressed his opposition over the expansion of the Soviet Union (WhiteHouse.gov, 2007). He was more against the spread of communism rather than the dominance of a specific country. President Truman released his famous “Truman Doctrine,” proclaimed on March 12, 1947 (Truman, 1947). In the Doctrine, Truman expressed his opposition against Soviet expansion by giving aid to the countries Greece and Turkey so that they won’t fall against the Soviet Union’s invasive strategies. The United States of America, being led by President Truman provided economic and military aid in these two countries in their struggles against the Soviet Union. It was considered as a containment measure for the increasing sphere of influence of the Soviet powers, thus marking the beginning of the United States – Soviet Union Cold Wars. With the U.S. and Truman’s support, they have averted the inevitable fall of the two countries to communism, which could have greatly increased the influence of the Soviet Union, making them a much formidable competitor against the United States.

The war years have long been over, and the world is somewhat a much more peaceful place to live in today as compared to the past. These two United States Presidents, Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Harry Truman may have been one of the reasons for achieving that peace that we are experiencing right now. They have undoubtedly contributed to the welfare of the United States of America, as well as the other countries in the world, and we owe most of it to these great men.

References:

Historical Boys’ Clothing. (2003). World War II: Arsenal of Democracy.   Retrieved August 10, 2007, from http://www.histclo.com/essay/war/ww2/cou/us/us-aod.html

MoreOrLess.au.com. (2001). Franklin Delano Roosevelt.   Retrieved August 10, 2007, from http://www.moreorless.au.com/heroes/roosevelt.html

Truman, H. S. (1947). President Truman’s address to Congress.   Retrieved August 10, 2007, from http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/03/documents/truman/

WhiteHouse.gov. (2007). Harry S. Truman.   Retrieved August 10, 2007, from http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/ht33.html

 

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