Juvenile delinquency has been the subject of many studies over the past forty to fifty years. Each study has had a unique focus on different areas of delinquencies. This study “Family environment as a predictor of adolescent delinquency” (metherne, Thomas 2001) speaks about how the family environment effects the juvenile by researching different topics in family types and focusing on tradition versus nontraditional family environments. Purpose The purpose of this study is to divide juveniles into two groups. Those with a traditional family setting and those with a nontraditional family setting.
While investigating the relationship between juvenile delinquents and the family environment. The study also focused on rather adaptability and cohesion was a variable in traditional and nontraditional families. The study performed provides a useful insight to counselor’s educators and parents to serve as an early starting point for intervention. Participants The Study gave focus to juveniles in the early teenage years. With focus on adolescence in ninth grade that were given a specific questionnaire to fill out which was the FACES III, and a demographic questionnaire.
One hundred and twenty seven participants from a mid size public school participated with parental permission for the study. This allowed for researches to view the different family types unhindered. Results The studied was nearly fifty fifty by family type and showed distribution of twenty nine percent to both balance and extreme family types, with forty percent in the midrange. Out of the one hinders twenty seven students fifty were classified as nontraditional and seventy six as traditional types of family statuses. In traditional families there was no significant relationship between family type and cohesion and adaptability.
However, in the non tradition family type there was significant difference between the two. The study also identified that the relationship between a traditional family structure and delinquency was in significant. In comparison the relationship in nontraditional families, cohesion and delinquency showed a significant relationship. The research showed that juveniles from disengaged families are more likely to commit offenses than those that are in cohesive families. Family environment time and time again has proven to be essential in the development of juveniles and prevention of crime.
Juveniles that come from a poor family structure even with a strong peer structure are more susceptible to drug use and delinquent behaviors, much of which can be caused due to poor communication, or even reduced monetary availability resulting in the juvenile conducting delinquent behavior. In comparison juveniles that come from a family structure that is cohesive and a balanced home environment give little significance to delinquent behavior, much of which may be accredited to more communication high adaptability and cohesion, and more monetary resources. Conclusion
Even though the study showed that juveniles from non tradition families were more susceptible to delinquent behaviors. Juveniles in both categories are at risk. It is important for mentors, counselors, educators, and parents to identify these risk and behaviors before they escalate. The tools given to educators by these studies may help in identify at risk juveniles and act as a predictor to their behavior and future acts. In order to help juveniles these studies must be viewed as a way to intervene early in a juvenile’s life.
Reference Matherne, M. , & Thomas, A. (2001). Family environment as a predictor of adolescent delinquency.