Famine, Affluence, and Morality

In the article, Peter Singer’s purpose is to draw attention and bring apprehension to the fashion the world’s people are being tormented directly to natural disasters and poverty. He also analyzes the amount of people struggling to survive in account to living under the poverty line, a few on a single dollar a day. Singer constructs the point that we need to be doing a greater job at helping those not in the status of being able to help themselves. By using Bengal as an example of how the countries that are rich respond to a disaster, Singer is capable of proving his point (Singer, 1972).

Singer concentrates on the issues of why people refuse to donate. He believes that some folks have the assumption that the government has the responsibility of providing aid to those who are in need. Later he states that it is a collective effort between us, the citizens and the government to rescue the ones who are suffering. We reside in an egocentric society that has a belief in which we should not worry about others and take care of self. Reliance on aid is one of the reasons why people do not donate, because they believe the society in need will become dependent on that service (Singer, 1972).

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In the article Singer also altercates that people are morally bound to anticipate at least part of suffering by personally obtaining action. Singer states that it is in our own power to anticipate bad things and we are able to prevent this outside of sacrificing that of equal moral importance. If the resources to do so exist, we the people should help the needy who are suffering in the world. Singer makes an accurate point by stating that we are morally obligated to help, since help would relieve suffering (Singer, 1972). Singer proposes two standards in his article.

The first assert that “If it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally, to do it. ” The second one says “If it is in our power to prevent something very bad from happening, without sacrificing anything morally significant, we ought, morally, to do it. ” I am convinced that the two standards can be correlated to charity verses duty. Charity is defined as the voluntary giving of help, while duty is a moral or legal obligation dictionary (Dictionary, 2012).

As a result of reading the article, I believe that it is our responsibility to be generous and help others by giving. As human beings, we are bound to each other, regardless of social capacity or geological credentials. It should be our responsibility to unite around the ones who have the misfortune of living struck by poverty. Singer incorporates marginal utility as an apparatus to make clear by giving more, one would bring about one’s self and the ones who depend on them as much suffering as that in which would prevent in Bengal.

If all would adopt this, there would certainly be more than enough in store to benefit refugees, and a few sacrifices will have been unnecessary. In theory, if everyone does what is needed, the effect will not be as great as if less was done. Singer’s examinations most closely act in accordance with those of utilitarianism, which is a moral theory according to that of welfare being the fundamental human good. This Welfare can be referred to the happiness or well-being of individuals (Utilitarianism, 2007).

I am in union with Singer’s article, Famine, Affluence, and Morality. I am a firm believer that it is our moral responsibility to do more in order help others. Charity should be our moral duty, not something we do half-hearted. I trust that if we control the power to effect the change in the lives of others, we should do so with the best of our capabilities. We are morally bound at preventing at least a fraction of the suffering, by personally adopting action, which should be something every lives by.

References

Dictionary. (2012, August). www.dictionary.reference.com/. Retrieved May 2013, from http://dictionary.reference.com/ Outline of PETER SINGER: “Famine, Affluence, and Morality”. (2009, August). www.web.mnstate.edu. Retrieved May 2013, from http://web.mnstate.edu/gracyk/courses/phil%20115/singer-famine-affluence.htm Singer, P. (1972, January). Famine, affluence, and morality. www.givingwhatwecan.org. Retrieved May 2013, from http://www.givingwhatwecan.org/resources/famine-affluence-morality.php Utilitarianism. (2007, May). http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org. Retrieved May 2013, from http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Utilitarianism

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