Fats and Oils, Deep Fat Frying and Salad Dressing

Lab 6   Fats and Oils, Deep Fat Frying and Salad Dressing

PRODUCTION

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Product: Fruit Salad Dressing

General Comments on Product:

The dressing was prepared by mixing juices with sugar as prescribed in the recipe. Then, while waiting to boil, egg yolks, were slightly beaten blended with cornstarch were prepared. The preparation and cooking was done for around 30 minutes.

Based on the definition of emulsifying it is done by slowly adding one ingredient to another while simultaneously mixing rapidly. This disperses and suspends tiny droplets of one liquid through another making a new product that could not be turned back to its original properties. So it is safe to say that there is an emulsifier because it combined egg yolk with juice-sugar solution – making a dressing.

It is difficult to achieve a thick consistency. It is not like the commercial fruit salad dressing in many ways.

Product Evaluation Table
Quality Characteristic
Points
Comments
Appearance
4
I like the color but clean white would be better
Consistency/Texture
3
Inconsistent/Not so thick
Tenderness
3
Tender
Flavour
4
Just okay
Overall Quality
4
Not for commercial quality

Characteristics of Fats and Oils:

Type of Fat
Source(s)
Consistency at 22ºC (room temp)
% Fat as Purchased
Saturated or Trans fat present?
Added Ingredients?
Butter Stick/block

(salted)
http://www.nutrientfacts.com
Solid
10
25% Sat. of 10% Fat
Sodium
Butter Whipped (if available)
http://www.nutrientfacts.com
Solid
20
35% Sat. of 20% Fat
Sodium
Margarine Type 1

(Safflower/soybean)
http://www.nutrientfacts.com
Solid
6
4% Sat. of 6% Fat
Sodium
Margarine Type 2

(Soybean)
http://www.nutrientfacts.com
Solid
6
4% Sat. of 6% Fat
Sodium
Lard
http://www.nutrientfacts.com
Solid

6
6% Sat. of 8% Fat
Sodium
Oil type 1

(Oat)
http://www.nutrientfacts.com
Liquid
20
15% Sat. of 20% Fat
None
Oil type 2

(canola)
http://www.nutrientfacts.com
Liquid
20
6% Sat. of 20% Fat
None
Oil type 3 (coconut)
http://www.nutrientfacts.com
Liquid
20
60% Sat. of 20% Fat
None

Comparison of ingredients in Mayonnaise and Salad Dressing

Mayonnaise is a smooth, creamy, semi-solid emulsified dressing consisting of vegetable oil (65%) and eggs, acidified with vinegar or lemon juice and delicately spiced. No other emulsifiers are allowed in this product. Often used as a base for other dressings.

Salad dressing is much like mayonnaise in appearance, but with a cooked base. Salad dressing contains a minimum of 30% vegetable oil, 4% egg yolk ingredient, vinegar or lemon juice, and spices. The taste is more piquant than mayonnaise and also is often used as a base for other salad dressings.

APPLICATION

With a home-made fruit salad dressing, it is best to use with fresh fruits instead of canned fruits. It is good for employee cafeteria and school cafeteria as dessert.

This may also be used as a dip sauce for breaded fried chicken with a little modification on the ingredients – maybe lessen the juice flavor a bit.

Nutrition and Health:

The salad dressing is classified as “milk and other alternatives group.” It is recommended to eat maximum of two (2) servings per day.

The nutrition facts include: (1%); total fat – 5 g (8%); saturated fat – 2 g (8%); cholesterol –21 5 mg (70%); and protein – 3 g (6%).  This is based from the eggs nutrition facts.

REFERENCES

 “Nutrient Facts Eggs” Nutrient Facts. 2004. October 10, 2008 <http://www.nutrientfacts.com>

 

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