# Final Exam answers Essay

1 - **Final Exam answers Essay** introduction. Which of the following is considered a hybrid organizational form? Limited liability

2. Which of the following is a principal within the agency relationship? a shareholder

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3. Which of the following presents a summary of the changes in a firm’s balance sheet from the beginning of an accounting period to the end of that accounting period? The statement of cash flows.

4. Teakap, Inc., has current assets of $ 1,456,312 and total assets of $4,812,369 for the year ending September 30, 2006. It also has current liabilities of $1,041,012, common equity of $1,500,000, and retained earnings of $1,468,347. How much long-term debt does the firm have? $803,010

5. Gateway Corp. has an inventory turnover ratio of 5.6. What is the firm’s days’s sales in inventory? 65.2 days

6. Your firm has an equity multiplier of 2.47. What is its debt-to-equity ratio? 1.47

7. Which of the following is not a method of “benchmarking”? Utilize the DuPont system to analyze a firm’s performance.

8. Jack Robbins is saving for a new car. He needs to have $ 21,000 for the car in three years. How much will he have to invest today in an account paying 8 percent annually to achieve his target? (Round to nearest dollar.) $16,670

9. Ferris, Inc., has borrowed from their bank at a rate of 8 percent and will repay the loan with interest over the next five years. Their scheduled payments, starting at the end of the year are as follows—$450,000, $560,000, $750,000, $875,000, and $1,000,000. What is the present value of these payments? (Round to the nearest dollar.) $2,815,885

10. Ajax Corp. is expecting the following cash flows—$79,000, $112,000, $164,000, $84,000, and $242,000—over the next five years. If the company’s opportunity cost is 15 percent, what is the present value of these cash flows? (Round to the nearest dollar.) $429,560

11. Jayadev Athreya has started on his first job. He plans to start saving for retirement early. He will invest $5,000 at the end of each year for the next 45 years in a fund that will earn a return of 10 percent. How much will Jayadev have at the end of 45 years? (Round to the nearest dollar.) $3,594,524

12. Serox stock was selling for $20 two years ago. The stock sold for $25 one year ago, and it is currently selling for $28. Serox pays a $1.10 dividend per year. What was the rate of return for owning Serox in the most recent year? (Round to the nearest percent.) 16%

13. Regatta, Inc., has six-year bonds outstanding that pay a 8.25 percent coupon rate. Investors buying the bond today can expect to earn a yield to maturity of 6.875 percent. What should the company’s bonds be priced at today? Assume annual coupon payments. (Round to the nearest dollar.) $1,066

14. Next year Jenkins Traders will pay a dividend of $3.00. It expects to increase its dividend by $0.25 in each of the following three years. If their required rate of return is 14 percent, what is the present value of their dividends over the next four years? $9.72

15. TuleTime Comics is considering a new show that will generate annual cash flows of $100,000 into the infinite future. If the initial outlay for such a production is $1,500,000 and the appropriate discount rate is 6 percent for the cash flows, then what is the profitability index for the project? 1.11

16. What decision criteria should managers use in selecting projects when there is not enough capital to invest in all available positive NPV projects? The profitability index.

17. The WACC for a firm is 13.00 percent. You know that the firm’s cost of debt capital is 10 percent and the cost of equity capital is 20%. What proportion of the firm is financed with debt? 70%

18. If a company’s weighted average cost of capital is less than the required return on equity, then the firm: Has debt in its capital structure

19. Gangland Water Guns, Inc., is expected to pay a dividend of $2.10 one year from today. If the firm’s growth in dividends is expected to remain at a flat 3 percent forever, then what is the cost of equity capital for Gangland if the price of its common shares is currently $17.50? 15.00%

20. A firm’s capital structure is the mix of financial securities used to finance its activities and can include all of the following except equity options.

21. Dynamo Corp. produces annual cash flows of $150 and is expected to exist forever. The company is currently financed with 75 percent equity and 25 percent debt. Your analysis tells you that the appropriate discount rates are 10 percent for the cash flows, and 7 percent for the debt. You currently own 10 percent of the stock.

If Dynamo wishes to change its capital structure from 75 percent to 60 percent equity and use the debt proceeds to pay a special dividend to shareholders, how much debt should they issue? $321

22. Turnbull Corp. had an EBIT of $247 million in the last fiscal year. Its depreciation and amortization expenses amounted to $84 million. The firm has 135 million shares outstanding and a share price of $12.80. A competing firm that is very similar to Turnbull has an enterprise value/EBITDA multiple of 5.40. What is the enterprise value of Turnbull Corp.? Round to the nearest million dollars. $1,787 million

23. Jockey Company has total assets worth $4,417,665. At year-end it will

have net income of $2,771,342 and pay out 60 percent as dividends. If the firm wants no external financing, what is the growth rate it can support? 25.1%

24. Which of the following cannot be engaged in managing the business? a limited partner

25. Which of the following does maximizing shareholder wealth not usually account for? Government regulation.

26. The strategic plan does NOT identify

working capital strategies.

27. Firms that achieve higher growth rates without seeking external financing have less equity and/or are able to generate high net income leading to a high ROE.

28. Drekker, Inc., has revenues of $312,766, costs of $220,222, interest payment of $31,477, and a tax rate of 34 percent. It paid dividends of $34,125 to shareholders. Find the firm’s dividend payout ratio and retention ratio. 85%, 15%

29. The cash conversion cycle

begins when the firm invests cash to purchase the raw materials that would be used to produce the goods that the firm manufactures.

30. You are provided the following working capital information for the Ridge Company: Ridge Company

Account

$

Inventory

$12,890

Accounts receivable

12,800

Accounts payable

12,670

Net sales

$124,589

Cost of goods sold

99,630

Cash conversion cycle: What is the cash conversion cycle for Ridge Company?

38.3 days