Final Exam on Soteriology Essay
Final Exam Study Guide (Soteriology) 1. From the class notes, be able to explain the two purposes of the O. T. sacrifices. 1. Spiritual Cleansing – Provides a means of restoration fellowship 2. Teaching – Sacrifices were designed to teach about the seriousness of sin and of the means to eternal life. They pointed to a need for sacrifice which could truly represent people and actually remove sin – God is not indifferent to their sin, and therefore not to them either 2.
From the section “effectiveness of the sacrifices” in the notes, be able to explain from the notes and class discussion how the sacrifices were subjectively, but not objectively effective. Include scripture from Hebrews, Leviticus, and Romans 3. If the blood of bulls and goats does not really pay for sin, as the writer of Hebrews (10:1, 4) tells us, what effect did these sacrifices really have? Leviticus promises forgiveness (1:4, 4:20, 26, 5:10, 16, etec). What does that mean? It had to do with the heart attitude of the person giving the sacrifice. 3.
Be able to show how Romans 9:13-16 and 11:2 indicate that God’s foreknowledge is not mere knowledge of something before it happens, but is actually foreordination. Romans 9:13-16 God in righteous judgment chooses to save some and not others based on his will. This was true of Jacob and Esau before they were born Romans 11:2 Despite what Elijah prayed, God was resolved to love Israel. God chose beforehand, knowing what they would do, to love them anyway. 4. Give the three elements of our answer to the accusation that it is not fair/just for God to elect some and not others for salvation. ) God doesn’t need to choose anyone 2) All are sinful and God is then just to condemn them all 3) We, being human, have no ultimate right to answer back to God 5. Be able to name the two elements of conversion. Repentance Faith 6. Know the definition of repentance. (Real well! ) -Repentance is a heartfelt sorrow for sin, a renouncing of it, and a sincere commitment to forsake it and walk in obedience to Christ. (Grudem) – Involves sorrow (2 Cor. 7:9-10) 7. Be able to give and explain one verse that shows the importance of faith. Hebrews 11:6
It is impossible to please God without faith 8. Be able to give three elements of saving faith as described in notes under “The nature of saving faith. ” Be able to list a verse to support each element. 1) Knowledge of Facts: Romans 10:16-17 Faith comes by hearing a message 2) A personal appropriation of the Savior: John 1:12 Whoever believes in Jesus will be called a child of God 3) Commitment to Christ: John 3:16 Whoever believes in him receives eternal life 9. Be able to give and explain two verses that show that justification is rimarily a declaration that one is righteous and does not make one actually righteous. Proverbs 17:15 Justifying the guilty and condemning the innocent—God hates them both. Luke 7:29 And when all the people and the tax collectors heard this, they justified God. 10. Know the four key elements of justification as found in Romans 4:5-8. 1) that it clearly says that Abraham was justified by faith. 2) it clarifies by declaring that such faith did not include works. 3) it shows that righteousness is applied to our lives in the way an accountant enters credits into his books. Adam: His sin (Rom 5:18-19) is imputed to us. -Christ: Our sin is imputed to him (2 Cor 5) God made him to be sin for us. 4) it shows that justification involves also the forgiveness of our sin. 11. Explain the significance of Phil 2:13 and Heb 13:20-21in regard to God’s role in sanctification. Phil 2:13 God is at work in you to will and to work his good pleasure Heb 13:20-21 God equips us with everything good to do his will and he works in us that we might please him 12. Explain the significance of Rom 6:13 and 8:13 regarding our role in sanctification.
Romans 6:13 We submit to God, body and actions Rom 8:13 We walk by the Spirit’s power, and put away the deeds of the flesh 13. Be able to support from scripture a doctrine that all true believers will persevere in faith to the end and be finally saved. 1 Peter 1:5 We are protected by God through our faith for our final salvation 2 Thess 3:3 The Lord is faithful and he will protect us from the evil one Romans 8:28-29 God works for all things together for those who love him and he foreknew Phil 1:6 God, who began the work of redemption, will bring it to completion