Good housekeeping is a vital factor in preventing accidents. The great majority of all work accidents are caused during the handling of goods or materials, and by people falling, being hit by falling objects, or striking against objects in the workplace. All these causes can be reduced by good housekeeping practices—in fact, good housekeeping is the only cure for hundreds of accidents that occur. Good industrial housekeeping:.
* Eliminates accident and fire causes * Saves energy by eliminating the need to work “around” congested areas and “deadwood” stored in the work area * Provides the best use of space Keeps inventory of materials to a minimum * Helps control property damage * Guarantees a good workplace appearance * Encourages better working habits * Reflects an image of a well-run operation * Reduces the amount of cleanup and janitorial work Elements of a good housekeeping campaign The following are the basic elements of a good housekeeping campaign that need attention: Aisles—Wide enough for traffic movements, marked off by floor lines from work positions and storage areas.
Space—Sufficient room for the individual to work.
Storage—Adequate and convenient space for materials and tools.
Materials Handling—Layout planned for materials flow, with efficient methods and equipment. Ventilation—Good general ventilation plus local exhaust ventilation to remove air contaminants at the source. Floors and Walls—Of construction and materials that are easy to keep clean and in good repair. Lighting—Well-distributed artificial light and effective use of available daylight. Amenities—Clean, up-to-date washrooms and lockers for clothing. A clean, inviting lunch room for employees to eat their meals.
Waste Removal—Adequate facilities to prevent congestion and disorder. Let us look t some of these elements in detail. KEEP AISLES CLEAR: Aisle space should be reserved for the movement of personnel, products and materials. It should be kept clean and clear and should never be used for “bottleneck” or “overflow’’ storage. This also applies to passageways and emergency exits. Blind corners should be eliminated or be adequately protected by warning signs. Aisle boundary markings should be drawn to show clearly the space which has been reserved for traffic. Markings should be sufficiently wide (say a minimum of 30 mm) and of a colour to make them clearly visible.
Paint or durable plastic strips can be used. IMPROVE STORAGE FACILITIES: Tidiness and order are essential in overcoming storage problems, both in storerooms and in the yard. Good storage utilises air space instead of floor space, and also saves time-wasting delays. It’s important to prevent stores and scraps accumulating on the floor and around machines. Never keep more stores and materials than necessary near machines and provide proper facilities (such as bins, shelves, boxes, racks, etc. ) in which to store them. KEEP FLOORS CLEAN: Every year thousands of work injuries are caused by people falling.
Floor conditions are responsible for many of these accidents. When floors are given the right treatment they are much easier to keep clean and hygienic. Spilt oil and other liquids should be cleaned up at once. Chips, shavings, dust, and similar wastes should never be allowed to accumulate. They should be removed frequently, or better still, be suitably trapped before they reach the floor. PAINT THE WALLS: Paint is one of the cheapest means of renovating walls, and a fresh coat of paint can give a boost to morale. Light-coloured walls reflect light. Dirty or dark-coloured walls absorb light.
Dirty walls have a depressing effect and encourage dirty habits and sloppy attitudes. Choose suitable colours to paint walls, ceilings and working surfaces. See that the paintwork is cleaned down periodically. Colour can be harnessed to assist with safety. For example it can be used to warn of physical hazards and to mark obstructions such as pillars. Painting handrails, machine guards and other safety equipment renders them distinctive and also prevents rust. Colour can be used to highlight the hazardous parts of machinery but it can never substitute for a needed guard.
MAINTAIN THE LIGHT FITTINGS: Attention to light fittings should be an integral part of any good housekeeping programme. Dirty lamps and shades, and lamps whose output has deteriorated with use, deprive employees of essential light. It’s been found that lighting efficiency may be improved by 20 to 30 percent simply by cleaning the lamps and reflectors. CLEAN THE WINDOWS: Clean windows let in light; dirty ones keep it out. Insufficient light causes eye strain and leads to accidents because employees are unable to see properly. Ensure that windows are not blocked by stacked materials, equipment or articles on the ledges.
DISPOSE OF SCRAP AND PREVENT SPILLAGE: It’s a common practice to let the floor catch all the waste and then spend time and energy cleaning it up. It is obviously better to provide convenient containers for scrap and waste and educate employees to use them. Safety will benefit, expense will be saved, and the factory will be a better place in which to work. Oily floors are a common accident and fire hazard. Splash guards and drip pans should be installed wherever oil spills or drips may occur. Prevent accidents by keeping oil and grease off the floor. GET RID OF DUST AND DIRT: In some jobs, dust, dirt, chips, etc. are unavoidable. If they can’t be collected as part of the process (e. g. by enclosure and exhaust methods) you need a way to clean them up.
Vacuum cleaners are suitable for removing light dust and dirt. Industrial models have special fittings for cleaning walls, ceilings, ledges, machinery, and other hard-to-reach places where dust and dirt collect. If light dust is removed by sweeping, floors should be dampened first rather than swept dry. Oiling floors occasionally with a light oil helps to lay the dust but take care that slipping hazards do not occur. Remember, it is not only floors that need sweeping.
Dust and grime also collect on ledges, shelves, piping, conduits, lamps, reflectors, windows, cupboards, lockers, and so on—and all these places need attention. MAINTAIN A HIGH STANDARD IN MEAL ROOMS, REST ROOMS, ETC: No housekeeping programme should ignore the facilities provided for meals, rest and sanitation, where cleanliness is essential for walls, floors, and fixtures. A light-coloured paint can work wonders in these places and set a standard to which employees will try to conform. Soap and towels should be renewed regularly and wash basins properly cleaned.
KEEP TOOLS TIDY: Tool housekeeping is very important, whether in the tool room, on the rack, out in the yard, or on the bench. Suitable fixtures for tools are required to provide orderly arrangement, both in the tool room and near the work bench, and a regular system of inspecting, cleaning, and repairing is an essential part of any programme. LOOK AFTER YOUR FIRST AID GEAR: First aid facilities and equipment should be kept under spotlessly clean conditions and fully stocked so that they are always ready in the event of accidents or illness.
INSPECT FIRE-CONTROL EQUIPMENT: It is essential to ensure that all fire-fighting equipment such as extinguishers and firehoses is regularly inspected and kept in good working order. Fireprotection facilities — fire doors and exits, automatic alarms, etc. — should be in good working order. Doors and exits should always be kept clear of obstructions. ATTEND REGULARLY TO MAINTENANCE: Perhaps the most important element of good housekeeping is the attention paid to maintenance of buildings and equipment.
If something gets broken or damaged it should be replaced or fixed as quickly as possible (e. . , defective ladders, broken handrails, steps, etc. ). Apart from the possibility of causing accidents, a workplace can take on a very neglected appearance if broken windows, damaged doors, defective plumbing, leaking gutters, broken floor surfaces and the like are allowed to remain in that condition. Employees may take the hint in a neglectful attitude to their jobs. A good maintenance programme will make provision for the inspection, lubrication, upkeep and repair of tools, equipment, machines and processes.
ASSIGN RESPONSIBILITY FOR CLEANING: Where practicable, the cleaning of the workplace should be the responsibility of a special cleaning staff and not an additional job for employees engaged in production. Where this is not possible, adequate time during working hours should be allowed for cleaning up to be done. Responsibility should be clearly assigned as to who is to do the cleaning and what area is to be cleaned. If this is not done, out-of-theway places such as shelves, yards, small buildings, sheds, cellars, basements, and boiler rooms are overlooked until they get into a deplorable state.
PREPARE A CHECK LIST: A sound method to ensure that housekeeping is done is for management to prepare a check list to suit the requirements of the workplace. The following can serve as a guide for nearly all industries. 5S of Housekeeping 5S is a tool that represents the basic principles of housekeeping and workplace organization. It is more than cleaning and painting. It is a disciplined approach to keep the workplace efficient and effective. 5S practice is a technique used to establish and maintain Safe and Quality environment in an organization S stands for five Japanese words namely: * Seiri is an action to identify and eliminate all unnecessary items from the workplace
* Seiton is an action to put all essential materials in a systematic order. It is a place for everything and everything in its place * Seiso is an action to clean and/or polish the workplace to attain a dirt or dust-free state. It is also inspecting for defects * Seiketsu is a condition where high standard of housekeeping is attained. * Shitsuke is a condition where all members practice the above 4S spontaneously and willingly as a way of life
Cite this Good Housekeeping
Good Housekeeping. (2016, Oct 14). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/good-housekeeping/