Government EOC help

enforcing laws
Which best describes a role of the executive branch of the federal government
The Articles of Confederation did not give strong power to the federal government
Why were the Articles of Confederation replaced with the Constitution
collecting taxes
Which power does the federal government share with state governments
The power to create laws and to regulate taxes and commerce belong to which branch of government
popular sovereignty
The preamble begins with “We the People of the United States,” which establishes the idea of

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checks and balances
When the Supreme Court declares a law that was created by Congress unconstitutional, it is an example of
practicing any religion one chooses
According to the Constitution, the right of freedom of religion supports
the people
According to the preamble, where does the power of government come from?
framers of the constitution and future generations
And secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity. According to this excerpt of the preamble, who were freedoms and rights established for?
introduce and explain the core ideas of the new government.
The purpose of the preamble of the Constitution is to
To which branch of government does the power to interpret laws and apply the Constitution to the law belong
providing guides and limits to the government’s power.
The Constitution regulates government powers by
limited government
The idea that government is not above the law is an example of
It divides power between state and national governments.
Which statement about federalism is accurate
drafting soldiers
Which is an implied power of the federal government
collecting taxes
Which of these is considered a concurrent power
expressed powers
Declaring war and coining money are considered
to describe the relationship between federal and state powers
What is the primary purpose of the Supremacy Clause?
the concept of federalism
The Supremacy Clause forms the root of what aspect of the country’s government system
a government in which power is divided between state and national levels
creating a national bank
Which of these powers is considered an implied power
Which term defines a power equally shared by state and federal governments
federal and state level powers
The United States system of government is based on
necessary and proper
Congress shall have power . . . to make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers. Which part of this quote is the basis for implied powers?
specifically granted in the Constitution
Expressed powers are those that are
Which powers are given directly to the people
implied powers, which are often difficult to interpret or understand.
Congress shall have power . . . [t]o make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers. Which type of powers does this quote refer to, and why is this type often the source of debate
The federal and state governments share powers, but federal has the majority
Which statement is an accurate description of the American federal system
powers held by the states alone
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved for the States respectively, or to the people. Which type of powers does this quote describe?
the Tenth Amendment
The sources of state power are specifically outlined in
A bill of attainder
If you are declared guilty of a crime without being given a trial, you can state Congress has given you
A bill can have a second chance after a veto
Which statement about the bill process is accurate?
overriding a presidential reversal or veto.
Congress checks on the power of the presidency by
describing the powers of the legislative branch
What is the focus of Article I of the Constitution
It is based on the Constitution’s bicameral legislature
Which statement about Congress is accurate
It is reviewed in committee
After a bill has been introduced, what happens next
The clause deals with powers that are ambiguous and misinterpreted.
Why is the Necessary and Proper Clause a source of ongoing debate
admitting new states
Which of these is an expressed power of Congress
Representation is based on population, and the US has grown steadily.
Why has the House of Representatives grown so much faster than the Senate
admitting new states
Which of these is considered a power of governance
It is the source of implied powers.
What statement about the Necessary and Proper Clause is accurate
The president’s decision can be overridden by a majority of Congress.
What can happen if the president chooses to veto a law that has been passed?
The bill passes in both houses
Which of these steps is second in the bill process?
declaring war and maintaining an army
Which is an example of an expressed power Congress holds?
the president can veto the bill
Which of these steps might happen after a bill is sent to the president?
creating laws
What is considered the most important power Congress holds?
he considers the most qualified and will most likely support his agenda
Which best explains how the president selects a justice for the Supreme Court?
addressing Congress
An important duty of the president is
35 years old
Under Article II of the Constitution, the president needs to be at least
the Senate must approve them
A limitation on the president’s power to appoint ambassadors is that
four years
According to the Constitution, the amount of time the president and vice president serve in office together for one term is
to keep the president from becoming too powerful
Which statement best explains why the Constitution limits the power of the executive branch
chooses the president and the vice president
Which best describes how the Electoral College affects the executive branch?
being born in the United States
A qualification for president under Article II of the Constitution is
must approve many presidential actions
Which best explains how the Senate affects the powers of the president
granting pardons
Which is an example of a presidential power that has no clear limitation?
carry out the laws
What does the executive branch do
the president and the vice president
Article II of the Constitution defines the roles of
The State of the Union address requires the president to update the who on what is going on in the country
commander in chief
Article II of the Constitution states that the president is also
The Senate approves cabinet members but not pardons
Which describes how Congress affects the president’s abilities to grant pardons and appoint cabinet members
The judicial branch has the power to try criminal cases by
appellate jurisdiction
The diagram shows one way that cases reach the Supreme Court. The diagram is an example of
In which jurisdiction would further review of a federal court decision fall under?
anticipated the need for courts lower than the Supreme Court
Which explains why the Constitution gave Congress the power to create a system of federal courts
original and appellate
In terms of jurisdiction, the Supreme Court has
People who make judgments in lower federal courts are called
to reach its own conclusions
Which is the most likely reason the framers of the Constitution did not tell the judicial branch how to interpret the document
They protect justices from political pressure
Which explains why Supreme Court justices are given lifetime appointments
They serve lifetime terms
Which is a true statement about federal judges
checks and balances
The selection of federal judges by the executive branch is an example of
give the judicial branch many opportunities to interpret the Constitution
Which best describes how the structure of the judicial branch affects the judicial branch’s interpretation of the Constitution
trials and juries
During criminal cases, which are guaranteed by the Constitution?
the Supreme Court
The final authority on legal questions in the United States is
an appellate court
The Supreme Court is best characterized as
Congress and state legislatures
Amendments to the Constitution can be proposed by
deals with shared rights for citizens
Which is a true statement about the Privileges and Immunities Clause
establishes a foundation for government
What does the Supremacy Clause do
legal proceedings between states
Which is a true statement about the Full Faith and Credit Clause
The process of approving the Constitution is best described as
How many states must approve an amendment before it can be added to the Constitution
escape must be returned to their home states
Which statement summarizes the Enslaved Persons Clause
amending the Constitution
Which process does Article V of the Constitution describe
nine of thirteen
How many states had to vote for the Constitution to approve it
the Constitution
Based on the Supremacy Clause, which must US judges support?
different US states
The first two sections of Article IV of the Constitution focus on relationships between
Article IV grants powers to states while limiting the powers of the federal government.
Which best explains how Article IV is connected to federalism
overcoming difficult barriers
A similarity between the ratification process in Article VII and the amendment process in Article V is that both involve
regardless of location, to have the same rights.
Which best explains why the Privileges and Immunities Clause forbids states from discriminating against citizens from other states?
the amendment receives a two-thirds vote.
The House and Senate can only pass amendments to the Constitution if
the Federalist idea that lawmaking power should be divided among the different branches of government
In republican government, the [lawmaking] authority necessarily [has the most power]. The remedy for this…is to divide the legislature into different branches; and to render them…as little connected with each other [as possible]. —Publius Which idea does this excerpt support?
it was impossible to separate government into equal branches
Anti-Federalist argued
Congress would have too much power over states
What did Anti-Federalists fear would happen if the Constitution became law
encourage states to work together
Federalists believed a strong government would
Under one unified government, people will be robbed of their freedoms.
Instead of being thirteen republics, under a federal head, [the Federalists’ plan] is clearly designed to make us one [unified] government. . . . Whether such a change can ever be [made] in any manner; whether it can be [made] without convulsions and civil wars; whether such a change will not totally destroy the liberties of this country—time only can determine.
-The Federal Farmer What best summarizes the point of view the excerpt expresses?
They would agree and be confident that the Constitution meets those goals.
In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself.
—Publius How would Federalists most likely respond to this?
They both opposed a strong federal government
How were Samuel Adams and Thomas Jefferson alike in their position on ratifying the Constitution
the president should have enough power to lead
Unlike the Anti-Federalists, the Federalists believed
must separate government into branches
Federalists believed a workable government
They would keep any one branch from having too much power.
What is the purpose of checks and balances in the Constitution
Patrick Henry
He was an Anti-Federalist and opposed the Constitution
They approved the Constitution
What was the Federalists’ view of the Constitution
could give the president too much influence
According to Anti-Federalists, the Constitution
strongly disagrees with another group
A faction is a group that
It created a federal court system
What was the purpose of the Judiciary Act of 1789?
passed a law that required federal banks to pay state taxes.
Before McCulloch v. Maryland went to court, the state of Maryland
Congress had the power to create a federal bank
By ruling in James McCulloch’s favor in McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court agreed that
It allowed Marbury to take his case to the Supreme Court.
Why did William Marbury support the Judiciary Act of 1789
federal supremacy.
Congress shall have power to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States. This excerpt reinforces the idea of
he didn’t want to pay state taxes on his bank.
James McCulloch most likely supported the idea that Congress could create banks because
The principle of implied powers meant the Court might spend more time interpreting the Constitution rather than simply following it to the letter.
How might the decision in McCulloch v. Maryland make future Supreme Court decisions more complicated?
He was appointed as a federal judge.
In the case Marbury v. Madison, what was William Marbury’s appointment?
Thomas Gibbons was allowed to operate his steamboats in New York.
What was a result of Gibbons v. Ogden?
is suggested by the Constitution.
An implied power is one that
highest authority
Which is the best definition of “supremacy”?
It said that Congress has power to regulate trade between states.
How did Gibbons v. Ogden expand the idea of federal supremacy
The ruling expanded the powers of the federal government.
What was the most significant result of the ruling in Marbury v. Madison?
It explains that the Supreme Court should decide whether a law or action is constitutional.
It is emphatically the province and duty of the Judicial Department to say what the law is. How does this excerpt summarize the case?
two competing owners of steamboat companies
Who was involved in the case of Gibbons v. Ogden?
the principle of judicial review
If two laws conflict with each other, the Court must decide on the operation of each. . . . the Constitution . . . must govern the case to which they both apply. The excerpt describes
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