Governmental Agency

Within this paper, there will be an explanation of the role and impact of a governmental agency that regulates prison health care. In order to understand the full velocity of prison health care, one must first understand the definition of health care regulatory agencies. Health care regulatory agencies were established to monitor health care facilities and practitioners. They were also set up to provide information about health care changes, ensure health care safety and promote legal obedience and efficient services.

At the federal, state, and local level, these health care agencies help to establish regulations and guidelines that the health care industry is required to uphold. Some of the agencies are not required to participate, such as those for accreditation, but should because they provide certifications of the quality or ranking of services. The object of this paper is to provide a better understanding of a governmental regulatory agency that regulates prison health care; the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP).

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The Agency’s Role The BOP is an organization that is responsible for the imprisonment of federal prisoners and their safety in a humane, cost efficient and secure way (U. S. Department of Justice Office of the Inspector General, 2008). Along with all of the previous duties, the BOP is also responsible for providing medically needed health care to the imprisoned inmates in accordance with applicable standards of care (U.

S. Department of Justice Office of the Inspector General, 2008). The Bureau of Prisons consists of 118 institutions, 6 regional offices, a Central Office (headquarters), 2 staff training centers, and 22 residential reentry management offices (previously known as community corrections offices) (U. S. Department of Justice: Federal Bureau of Prisons, 2012). Impact on Health Care

The impact the BOP has on health care is that it provides health care services to inmates primarily through: 1. In-house medical providers employed by the BOP or assigned to the BOP from the Public Health Service 2. Contracted medical providers who provide either comprehensive care or individual services During the fiscal year of 2007, the BOP spent about $736 million for inmate health care (U. S. Department of Justice: Federal Bureau of Prisons, 2012).

To control the high rise cost of health care service, the BOP implemented on-going initiatives, which included: 1) Assigning most inmates to institutions based on the care level required by the inmate 2) Installing an electronic medical records system that connects institutions 3) implementing tele-health to provide health care services through video conferencing 4) implementing a bill adjudication process to avoid costly errors when validating health care related invoices These initiatives are aimed at providing a more efficient and effective prison inmate health care service (U. S. Department of Justice: Federal Bureau of Prisons, 2012).

Example of Agency Duties An example of the Bureau of Prison agency carrying out its duties would be the decreased percentage of return to prison inmates. One of the Bureau of Prison programs is the provision of health care. Through the provision of health care, mental, spiritual, educational, vocational and work programs, inmates are well prepared for a productive and crime free return to society (U. S. Department of Justice Office of the Inspector General, 2008). What this is stating is that the BOP has a program that tries to teach the inmates how to be repopulated back into society with the tools to keep from returning to prison.

Health Care Authority The BOP has a wide variety of career opportunities in the medical and mental health care. To name a few health care authorities with the BOP: * Clinical Psychologists-works very close with the inmates. They administer a wide variety of psychological assessment techniques, interpret results, and prepare comprehensive reports * Dental Officers-are responsible for prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases, injury, and deformities of the oral cavity of the inmates * Medical Officers (Physicians)-works directly with the inmates. They provide diagnostic, preventive, or herapeutic services for the inmates * Nurse Practitioners-provide diagnostic and therapeutic medical care and services to inmates * Physician Assistants-are there to assist the physician by providing diagnostic and therapeutic medical care and services to inmates under the guidance of the physician * Registered Nurses-provide a full range of nursing services to inmates in prison, such as assessing, diagnosing, planning, implementing, and evaluating the medical condition of inmate patients These were a few examples of health care opportunities with the BOP.

There are two ways that health care professionals can take with the Bureau, Federal Civil Service or the U. S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps (PHS) (U. S. Department of Justice: Federal Bureau of Prisons, 2012). Accreditation, Certification, and Authorization The BOP agency process for accreditation, certification, and authorization is basically the same as with other agencies. According to this article that was found, certification is a formal process for testing components or systems against a specified set of security requirements (Department of Justice: Office of the Inspector General, 2002).

This same article also states that accreditation is a management official formal acceptance of the adequacy of a system security (Department of Justice: Office of the Inspector General, 2002). This article is very informative because is also states that computer security accreditation forces managers and technical staff to work together to find workable, cost effective solutions of security needs, technical constraints, operational constraints, and mission or business requirements (Department of Justice: Office of the Inspector General, 2002).

As stated previously, this article shows that the BOP agency process for accreditation, certification, and authorization is basically the same as with other agencies. Conclusion In conclusion, in this paper, there was an explanation of the role and impact of a governmental agency that regulates prison health care. The governmental regulatory agency that regulates prison health care that was chosen for this paper was the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). The research for this paper unveiled that the BOP consists of 118 institutions, 6 regional offices, a Central Office (headquarters), 2 staff training centers, nd 22 residential reentry management offices (previously known as community corrections offices) (U. S. Department of Justice: Federal Bureau of Prisons, 2012). The full body of this paper of the Bureau of Prison, consist of the role of the agency, the impact that this agency has on health care, it provided an example of one of the duties that is carried out by this agency, it showed what regulatory authority the agency have in relation to health care, and the agency process for accreditation, certification, and authorization.

References

Department of Justice: Office of the Inspector General. (2002). Findings and Recommendations. Retrieved from http://www. justice. gov/oig/reports/BOP/a0304/findings. htm U. S. Department of Justice Office of the Inspector General. (2008). The Federal Bureau Of Prison’s Efforts to Manage Inmate Health Care. Retrieved from http://www. justice. gov/oig/reports/BOP/a0808/final. pdf U. S. Department of Justice: Federal Bureau of Prisons. (2012). About the Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved from http://www. bop. gov/about/index. jsp

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