Quiz V Study Guide (Greed) Humanities 102: Introduction to Western Civilization Mr. Vehse 1. Phyllis Tickle is the author of our current text, Greed. What is Ms. Tickle’s profession? -A religion editor for a trade journal 2. How does Tickle define or, if you like, describe religion? -From that perspective, religion is most accurately seen as a rope or cable of meaning that stretches through human history and has anchored, in one form or another, every culture or subculture of human society from its beginning 3.
The metaphor Tickle uses to describe religion invokes the notion of strands, as in strings or threads. How many strands does she cite in her description of religion? the strands are three in number: spirituality, corporeality, and morality. 4. The threads of religion are held together, according to Tickle, by an insulating, porous “inner sleeve. ” What is this sleeve that holds together the strands of religion? Common or shared imagination 5. The sleeve and inner strands of religion are “protected,” according to Tickle, by an outer casing or skin.
What is this supposedly protective casing? A story 6. When the outer casing and inner sleeve of religion rupture or are torn and the inner strands “are exposed to view,” what generally happens to religion, according to Tickle? Culture must start over, however positioning will never be the same 7. During what centuries, according to Tickle, has religion in the Western world undergone the most radical transformation of “rupturing, configuring, and informing” since the Protestant Reformation? 20th 8.
How, according to Tickle, has the “spirituality” of Americans significantly changed in the most recent major shift of thinking with respect to matters of religion? it is now more appreciated among us than it was a century ago, but it is also considerably less voguish than it was, for instance, three decades ago 9. Tickle refers to “overt and institutionalized evidences of religion–its real estate, clergy, administrative and professional hierarchies, institutions of learning and healing, canons, requirements of membership, legal status, budgets, etc. ” To which strand of religion is she making reference? orporeality 10. In the painting by Mario Donizetti, Avarice (1996), a figure clutches a bag or sack. What is the apparent gender of this figure? Female 11. In the painting by Mario Donizetti, Avarice (1996), below the nude and to the right lies the figure of something. It might be an emaciated body or corpse. What is attached at the far end of this figure that calls to mind the image of the living figure who seems to look down toward it? Mask??? 12. Morality, according to Tickle, sometimes “slips its encasement in story and intertwines itself with” schemes of action and belief other than religion.
When this happens, what else might we call it? Situational Ethics 13. A growing, popular consideration of morality, according to Phyllis Tickle, has led to an increasing preoccupation, especially American, with another concept. What is this other concept? sin 14. Western religious traditions like Judaism, Christiantiy, and Islam are persuaded that sin has spiritual consequences in human life. With what other concept do Eastern traditions tend to address issues of spiritual development or growth in life? obsticles 15.
Humans come into the experience of time constructed and equipped not only with body parts and consciousness, according to Tickle, but also with “inescapable companions of the interior” who taunt us. What does she call these troublesome companions? demon 16. Tickle refers to “the seven,” by which she means, of course, the seven deadly sins. Without them we “would never rest or eat or procreate or build or aspire,” she writes. We also would not murder, steal, or lie. What is it that the “fascinating seven” make us? human 17. How is it, according to Tickle, that greed differs from the other deadly sins? 8. In an effort to combat her own boredom or tedium while preparing her lecture, Phyllis Tickle decided to approach the subject of greed “from the long view of history,” rather than from the perspective of headlines and evening newscasts. From the history of what era in Western civilization did she choose to approach this subject? Religious imagination 19. The last 2,000 years, according to Tickle, basically can be divided into three general periods; she calls them “two and a fraction. ” Each period, then, is characterized by an “overarching sensibility. The longest period is the first 1,500 years. What does she call it? The centuries of: physical imagination 20. The shortest period is “the fraction” of the last century or so. What does she call this comparatively short time? The era of: spiritual imagination 21. The following individual was a formative influence in the earliest days of Christianity. Tickle views him as the logical place to begin her historical survey, since he also was “the author of Christianity’s first imaging of greed. ” Who was this pivotal individual? ST. PAUL 22.
Radix ominum malorum avarita is the Latin translation of the above individual’s teaching concerning greed: “The root of all evil is greed. ” Christians during the fourth and fifth centuries CE took to writing this doctrine stacked as an acrostic. To what did they think the first letters of the acrostic referred? The root of all evils avaris 23. Still during the age of “physical imagination” but later in the Roman Empire, a Christian in the province of Britannia named Aurelius Clemens Prudentius composed a poetic allegory of the seven deadly sins, the Psychomachia. What does this title mean?
Battle for the soul 24. “Of all the vices, there is none more frightening than greed,” writes Prudentius. Where does he depict greed prowling with her “rake-like fingers,” accompanied by “the brood of their mother Greed’s black milk:” murder, pillage, scavenging of the dead, civil war, etc? decimated field 25. In Prudentius’ allegory of sin, greed is temporarily defeated by reason when she tries to seduce a group of priests. She then changes her appearance, taking on a more benign form. What form does greed take when she assumes “the delicate veil of maternal concern? mother 26. Two painters, according to Phyllis Tickle, “caught greed’s progress across” the century that produced both the Renaissance and Reformation better than any verbal commentary ever could have. The first of the two pictured the Seven Deadly Sins in a circle, with a human enactment of each sin portrayed in one of seven pie-shaped wedges. Whose painting of greed shows a corrupt judge receiving a bribe? bosch 27. A second painting by this artist is a triptych or three-paneled work. In the first panel, Adam and Eve are being expelled from Eden.
In the third panel, there are the tortures of Hell. In the middle panel, a wagon passes through a landscape with all manner of people riding, trying to catch a ride, or being run over, with others walking, standing, or resting along the way. What is this second painting called? The haywain 28. The second painter depicted greed in an engraving, entitled Big Fish Eat Little Fish. Whose painting depicts fish of various sizes vomiting smaller fish from their own wide mouths? Brugel 29. The Reformation, according to Tickle, began a process that made sin less grand and earthier.
It was more about “the town square” than about “Zion and the mighty hills. ” Together with its offspring, capitalism, to what process did Protestantism lead the way? psycholigical 30. Less than two hundred years after the Reformation, the Englishman Thomas Hobbes would suggest a human source for sin in the Social Contract. A century or so thereafter, a Frenchman named Rousseau would reject the traditional Christian doctrine of sin, outright. What was this doctrine that had been weakened by the Reformation and in the course of the centuries was gradually overthrown by secular thinkers in Western civilization?
Litany?? 31. After Bruegel, according to Phyllis Tickle, “the focus of all the energy of discovery about [greed] moved from the domain of spiritual warfare into the domain of moral knowing:” laissez faire, the social contract, imminent domain, the wealth of nations, free trade, industriousness, and so on. To what modern process do these concepts point? Moral theory 32. Speaking of modern images of greed, Phyllis Tickle cites famous cases from English literature. Moving from the sublime to the ridiculous, she begins with George Eliot’s Silas Marner.
She then cites Charles Dickens, A Christmas Carol. The character of Scrooge from this work, according to Tickle, is so completely a caricature of greed that he is better known to many people now from a cartoon. Who is the cartoon character? Daffy duck 33. The turning point for the complete arrival of modernity, according to Phyllis Tickle, was 1882. It was in that year that Friedrich Nietsche wrote what is, perhaps, his most famous statement. What did Nietsche state that made him at once so characteristically modern and popularly infamous? God is dead 34.
Nietsche irreversibly plotted the trajectory, according to Tickle, “from Adam Smith to Ayn Rand to Arthur Andersen. ” This trajectory was not the pursuit of wealth, per se. What kind of greed moved the last eleven decades or so in our own time in the Common Era, as predicted by Nietsche? Greed as force 35. A Belgian artist of the late 19th century, Baron James Ensor, “returned the seven deadly sins to their proper place,” according to Tickle, as legitimate subjects of visual art. Though he begins with essentially Medieval subject matter, what visual “twist” does Ensor add, suggesting that it is a modern treatment?
Subject of visual arts, religion? proding 36. Otto Dix’s provocative 1933 mixed media depiction of the seven deadly sins shows Adolph Hitler as envy. How, according to Tickle, does Dix’s work treat greed? Greed of someone elses sin or sin of oppressor 37. Phyllis Tickle mentions two movies or films that show contemporary attitudes toward greed. The first of these films is Erich von Stroheim’s 1923 masterpiece, Greed. What was the second movie? Wall street 38. Massive concentration of wealth in the hands of a few, according to Phyllis Tickle, typifies our current experience of greed.
For example, more than five times as many billionaires came into existence in the United States between 1982 and 1996 as there had been between the Great Depression (1929) and 1982. Who is every bit as complicit or at fault in this experience as, for instance, Martha Stewart or sports superstars? Ordinary citizens 39. What contemporary religious figures does Phyllis Tickle basically accuse of rampant, corrosive greed? Lactantius 40. The Reformation had its motto: “the priesthood of all believers. What, according to Tickle, is the motto of our current religious upheaval, something people have been saying for roughly the past 30 years? I’m spiritual but not religious 41. One event “accelerated the process of popular change,” according to Tickle. We enter now into a new era in which we shall have to redefine sin and come to a new conception of greed. What was this event? 9/11 42. Whose work from the past, according to Phyllis Tickle, does the contemporary artist, Mario Donizetti, engage in his effort to revere “whatever is left standing out of what has been? ” dante 43.
Donizetti created a new technique of painting that has, “’the classic transparency and shading of the best egg tempera painting’ with the permanence of canvas,” according to Tickle. What does Donizetti call this new way of painting? chromatim 44. What position does the panel, Avarice (Greed), occupy in the setup of Donizetti’s seven-panel suite of paintings, Seven Deadly Sins? center 45. Phyllis Tickle speaks of the “dark yet luminous colors we recognize immediately” in Mario Donizetti’s painting, Avarice. From where or what, according to Tickle, do we recognize these hues? Who we think about in prayer human spirit 46.
Tickle writes of “this place of Donizetti’s where, the smoke of the soul’s battle and the bold colors of deliberated progress having cleared, there is, exposed before us, the numinous spirit elegant and trembling in its death. ” Who seems to represent to her this elegant, numinous spirit trembling in its death? Human spirirt 47. What presumably destroys or kills the human spirit in Tickle’s interpretation of Donizetti’s work? greed 48. Figure 1 in this text depicts a former chairman of the Federal Reserve Board seated in front of a podium with microphones. A mixed media work from 2000 by Michael Bohbot, what is the title of this work?
The greenspan buddha 49. Interestingly, one might compare Mario Donizetti’s painting, Avarice, with figure 7 in our text. Both show (beautiful? ) women in compromising positions that suggest the insidious power of greed. Figure 7 is a still, in fact, from Erich Stroheim’s famous movie on the subject. Who is the actor from the still shown luxuriously reclining with her money in bed? Zasu Pitts 50. For what does Phyllis Tickle hope and pray, to what does she aspire for the human spirit as she reflects on the topic of greed and its mysterious representation in the painted work of Mario Donizetti? God will make us hwole
Cite this Greed Study Guide
Greed Study Guide. (2016, Oct 14). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/greed-study-guide/