Green Belt Movement
Reducing Deforestation Abstract The Green Belt Movement was established in 1977 by Dr. Wangari Maathai. The movement was enacted to plant enough trees and raise awareness regarding tropical deforestation. Although she was persecuted for her efforts to protect Kenya’s forest, she continued to fight the forest “give-aways” by planting trees and other nonviolent actions . The movement discovered that the survival of the forests is dependent upon how well they are cared for; it is also dependent on how well the government protects them from being destroyed.
This paper will discuss the Green Belt Movement and the awareness it brought to the society and several way to use the forest in a sustainable manner. Reducing Deforestation Wangari Maathai is the first Kenyan woman to earn a PhD and to govern an academic department at the University of Nairobi. Dr. Maathai is also the founder of the Green Belt Movement that was founded in 1977. This movement was established after Dr.
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Maathai discovered that people in her homeland were suffering from malnutrition, lack of water for hydration, andlack of trees for firewood which is used for cooking. In addition, the lack of forest cover dried up many rivers, which destroyed the land’s ability to absorb the rain. The Green Belt Movement is a responsible movement that took accountability for the effects of deforestation on Kenya. Although this movement was developed in an effort plant enough trees for the area and raise awareness regarding tropical deforestation, Dr.
Maathai realized that her vision would not be successful if the local people neglected to take care of the trees and if the government did not enlighten its people that the environment is an everyday issue. Dr. Wangari Maathai experienced many trials and tribulations for her project before she became her countries’ hero. She was persecuted for her efforts to protect Kenya’s forest, because the government officials liked to give away land and public forests, as a political strategy to receive more support from people. Nevertheless, Dr.
Maathai and the member of her Green Belt Movement were persistent and continued to fight forest “give-aways” by planting trees and other nonviolent actions. However, despite the government’s hesitation, Dr. Maathai realized that in order for the Green Belt Movement to be successful, they would need the support of the government to care for the greater good of Kenyans and the environment. The government has a responsibility to fund projects that will replenish and stabilize the Earth’s natural resources, instead of giving them away as bribes for political endeavors.
The forest is a victim of an industrialized world that is devoted to the trade of importing and exporting goods and products. Tropical forests are shrinking at an approximate rate of 5% per decade because that are logged and cleared to supply local, regional, national and global markets for products such as; wood, cattle, agricultural produce and biofuels. Many countries are committed to producing valued crops such as; coffee, citrus, manioc, vanilla, banana, and other goods that guarantee a profitable value.
However in order for the tropical forests to survive, governments and non-governmental organizations must encourage low-impact agricultural activities, such as shade farming, and the sustainable harvesting of non-wood forest products, for example: rubber, cork, produce, or medicinal plants. The survival of the forests is dependent upon how well they are cared for, conversely; this topic creates conflicts between local communities that benefit from forest resources.
Therefore in order for a community to find out the needs for their forest they should develop sustainable forest management plans to assist them in the decision making. Additionally, forests have a greater chance for survival if we harvest forests products without destroying the forest for low intensity cattle pasture or marginal subsistence agriculture. Regrettably, little forest will remain if only agricultural good are grown. Deforestation is a worldly problem that everyone must take responsibility for; in addition, people must take action whether or not their government or “experts” are willing to help them.
In conclusion, in spite of the many obstacles that tried to halt the growth of the Green Belt Movement, Dr. Maathai and her group were persistent and showed the people of Kenya how to be responsible how to take charge, and how to take care of the environment through simple steps such as recycling. In addition, Dr Maathai faced the challenges of standing up to the Kenyan government by relentlessly inquiring that they do right by the Kenyan people instead of enriching themselves. She informed the government f their duties fund projects, in addition to enlightening, and encouraging the people they govern of their duties to the environment. In other words, the government is responsible for bringing awareness to the people that they govern, monitor the harmful effects of deforestation and support organizations that protect endangered forests. References “The Green Belt Movement. ” The Green Belt Movement. N. p. , n. d. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. Tropical Deforestation : Feature Articles. (n. d. ). NASA Earth Observatory : Home.
Retrieved October 16, 2012, from http://earthobservatory. nasa. gov/Features/Deforestation/deforestation_update5. php World Resources Institute. (n. d. ). 4. Have forests been sustainably managed?. sustainable procurementof wood and paper-based products. Retrieved October 16, 2012, from http://www. sustainableforestprods. org/node/ Butler, R. (n. d. ). Saving Rainforests Through Sustainable Use of Forest Products. Rainforests: facts, figures, news, and pictures. Retrieved October 16, 2012, from http://rainforests. ongabay. com/1003. htm “I will be a hummingbird” – Wangari Maathai – YouTube. (n. d. ). YouTube – Broadcast Yourself.. Retrieved October 16, 2012, from http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=IGMW6YWjMxw&feature=player_embedded A Voice for Trees, by Wangari Maathai – YouTube. (n. d. ). YouTube – Broadcast Yourself.. Retrieved October 16, 2012, from http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=GFvv9f9u-vY&feature=player_embedded Wangari Maathai Talks about the Mottainai Campaign – YouTube. (n. d. ). YouTube – Broadcast Yourself..
Retrieved October 16, 2012, from http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=KMw-fP_GRP8&feature=player_embedded Wangari Maathai and the Billion Tree Campaign – YouTube. (n. d. ). YouTube – Broadcast Yourself.. Retrieved October 16, 2012, from http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=2uWVtP72LYc&feature=player_embedded Reference cont. Wangari Maathai on Holistic Development – YouTube. (n. d. ). YouTube – Broadcast Yourself.. Retrieved October 16, 2012, from http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=LjRAIpKJDDs&feature=player_embedded