There are many items of legistlation and guidelines which are used in health and social care in order to protect and safeguard the health and well being of all of those who work and are treated in the health and social care sector. These items of legislations work by preventing the spread and threat of infection through the use of hygienic and clean practices.
Legislation, regulations and guidance that govern infection prevention and control: Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 - This Act provides a framework which ensures the health and safety of all employees in any work activity. It also provides for the health and safety of anyone who may be affected by work activities, for example; pupils/students and visitors to educational sites. Management of Health and Safety at Work Act 1999 – this item of legislation Places an responsibility on any employer to vigorously carry out a risk assessment of the work place and act accordingly.
The assessment must be reviewed when necessary and recorded. It is intended to identify health and safety and fire risks, and is then worked on to make the environment a more safer place. The Public Health Act 1984 – this act is used in order to ensure consumers know what they are eating, they know that the food is appropriate and good to use/eat, and so that they know the food is safe and has been prepared in a healthy and hygienic way.
The main responsibilities for all food businesses under the Act are: do not include anything in food, remove anything from food or treat food in any way which means it would be damaging to the health of persons eating it to ensure that the food you serve or sell is of the nature, substance or quality which consumers would expect to ensure that the food is labelled, advertised and presented in a way that is not false or misleading a recent misuse of this legislation is the use and violation of horse meat being used in beef products, this is clearly misleading as the consumer is not aware to what they have truly consumed, and that horse meat an be dangerous if the horse had digested ‘sleeping pills’ before death.
The Hazardous Waste Regulations 2005 - Hazardous wastes are those which are dangerous and difficult to dispose of. If a business/workplace or health and social care setting produce hazardous waste they have a duty of care to make sure it is disposed of properly. The purpose of the Hazardous Waste Regulations 2005 is to provide an effective system of control for these wastes and to make sure that they are soundly managed from their point of production to their final destination for disposal or recovery.
NICE (National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence) - NICE guidance sets the standards for high quality healthcare and encourages healthy living promotion through all aspects of the health and social care sector. NICE guidance can be used by the NHS, Local Authorities, employers, voluntary groups and anyone else involved in delivering care or promoting wellbeing.