Human Rights: Health and Social Care

Every individual have rights and for them to have the best care they should be able to practice their rights as long as it doesn’t affect others around them or put themselves in danger. To have a supportive relationship with someone you would have to respect and value them and allow them to exercise their rights. One of the key principles in caring for a people is to develop a supportive relationship by helping and enabling them, this is done by empowering.

Empowering clients means that a carer should give their clients choices when caring for them. For example, Mrs Martin is Muslim and she doesn’t eat pork but most of the other clients’ enjoys eating pork, so whenever pork is being prepared in the home for the other clients to eat the carer always ensure that Mrs Martin is given a choice about what she would like to eat.

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Giving clients choices will give them the sense of dignity and independence this will encourage them to take control over their own life and at the same time carer would be empowering their clients. This therefore means that carer is respecting clients’ right in a supportive relationship.

Maintaining privacy is another way individual rights should be respected. Whenever a carer is entering a room that is close and a client is within that room, carer should always ask to go into the room before entering the room. As these individual have a right to privacy. This will help carer to establish a supportive relationship with their clients. As well as maintaining privacy carer should maintain confidentiality, as individuals have a right to confidentiality.

Confidential information should be kept private because if a client has confidential information exposed then they may feel insecure about themselves and it will have a great effect on them, so it is important to respect individual rights by maintaining confidentiality. Another way an individual right can be respected is by providing them with advocacy to speak on their behalf when it isn’t possible for them to speak for themselves this will create a supportive relationship.

When caring for people carer should put all prejudice views aside as they are there to do their job which is to take care of these individuals by respecting their right and respecting their rights means that care should not discriminate against them. Through communication a carer could develop a supportive relationship with clients. A person’s action, body language, facial expressions are all different ways people communicate to develop supportive relationships.

Carers should ensure that their body language is very positive and doesn’t send the wrong signals to clients. They should also be given the opportunity to speak in their preferred language. This will develop a supportive relationship and carer would be respecting individuals’ rights.

Carer should support a clients right to be diverse in which they are able to exercise their beliefs, practice their own religion etc. carer should not discriminate against their clients because of their race, ethnicity, sex religion, age, disability etc. if a carer as any stereotypical view toward a particular group of people he/ she should put aside their stereotypical views and accept these people as individuals and treat them according to their individual needs because even though people are meant to be treated fairly carer should remember that people have different needs and should take this into consideration whenever providing service to these individuals in doing this they are respecting individual rights in a supportive relationship.

P2/P3 Describe different forms of abuse which may be experienced by vulnerable adults Abuse is misuse of power it is an attempt to control another person. There are a number of different forms of abuse which vulnerable adults may face in this assignment it will be identifying and describing the different forms of abuse vulnerable adults may experience. There are many different kinds of abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, financial abuse, neglect and discriminatory abuse. Physical abuse

Physical abuse refers to the infliction of physical harm on someone intentionally. In other words it is the use of force which results in pain or injury. These are forms of physical abuse, hitting, pushing, pushing shaking, hair pulling etc. Indications of physical abuse

Unexplained bruises
Shows fear of
Injuries inconsistent with explanation, explanation varies over time Sexual abuse
Sexual abuse is an assault or sexual act that is inflicted on someone without them consenting to such act or being pressured into consenting. This includes rape, sexual assault, such as unwanted touching. Indications sexual abuse

Emotional changes- depression, withdrawn, stress Disorder
Fear, anxiety, mistrust
Shame and humiliation
Changes in sexual behaviour/ attitudes

Emotional abuse
Emotional abuse is a persistent pattern of emotional cruel treatment. It is withholding love, sympathy or understanding. It also includes intimidation and isolation. Indications emotional abuse
Being ignored, put down, bullied
Appears intimidated or fearful
Maintains minimal eye contact
Changes in sleeping or eating habits
Reports being yelled at or threatened
Appears worried, easily upset
Shows depressed affect

Verbal abuse
Verbal abuse is using spoken words to make another individual feel inferior this is done by using threat, insults, name calling, unjust blaming and accusing, swearing and shouting. Indications verbal abuse

Neglect is another form of abuse, neglect is a maltreatment that is persistent and it includes a failure to care for someone properly. Indications of neglect
Weight loss/malnutrition/no evidence of appropriate food in the house
Changes in physical status due to lack of medication
Untreated medical condition, failure to attend
Inappropriate care- lack of comfort
Financial abuse
Financial abuse is an act of taking away someone possession without getting consent or manipulating to get it. For example, forging an older person’s signature; misusing or stealing an older person’s money or possessions. Indications of financial abuse

Unable to pay bill
Unusual or inappropriate bank activity
Changes of deeds or title of property
Withholding of funds
Money or possession missing
Institutional Abuse
Institutional abuse is neglecting service users and providing poor professional practice towards them. When an individual goes into an institution and is treated unfairly because of age, sex, gender, race etc. this is known as Institutional abuse because of a poor or unsatisfactory professional practice. Indication of institutional abuse

poor care may be an indication
Not giving individuals access to services
Not giving medication

P6 Identify the legislations, policies and procedures that protects adults receiving health and social care services

Legislations, policies and procedures are put in place to protect people receiving health and social care services. In this assignment I am going to identify some of these legislations, polices and procedures Legislations that protects vulnerable adults

The Human Rights Act 1998
The human Rights Act came into effect in October 2000 the Act enables the state to treat every person with fairness, respect and human dignity no matter their religion, age, sex, gender etc. the aim of this legislation is to put into effect the European UN Conventions Rights. The human rights act states that: Rights to life

Rights to liberty and security
Rights to a fair trial
Freedom of expression
Freedom of assembly of association
Rights to Education
Rights to respect for private life
The Data Protection Act 1988 protects the privacy of individual that have records that is keep on them it also ensure that individuals who have data held about them knows about such data that is held. If any data should be passed on to other organisation or individuals the data subject has to give consent to whether or not they want people to have access to information about them. The data protection act states that Data should be processed fairly and lawfully

Data should be obtained and used only for specified and lawful purposes Data should be adequate, relevant and not excessive
Data should be adequate and where necessary, kept up to date Data should not be kept longer than necessary
Data must be kept secure and
Processed in accordance with the individual’s rights.

Race Relations Act (Amendment)
The relations act (Amendment) Act 2000 came into force on the 2 of April following the enquiry in to Stephen Lawrence death. There are three types of unlawful discriminations that this act covers: direct discrimination, indirect discrimination and victimisation. It outlines that public bodies under has a statutory duty to promote race equality with regards to discrimination.

These public bodies includes: employers, schools, colleges and universities, landlords and other housing providers, large and small business, local authorities, health service providers, government department, local government, the police and other law enforcement agencies. Care Standards Act 2000

The care standards act was passed in 2000; its objectives are to extend the regulation of social care. The act ensures that the welfare of vulnerable people have supported housing, by improving care standards and introduce consistency in the regulation of services provided.

This will be done by an independent regulatory body for social care known as the National Care Standards Commission to monitor care home on a national basis instead of it being regulated by local inspectorate units. With this act local authorities will have t be regulated and meet the same care standards as independent sectors providers. It also ensures that any organisation arranging care for people in their homes are registered. Policies and Procedures that protects vulnerable adults

Protection of vulnerable adults scheme (POVA)
To prevent vulnerable adults from being abuse or neglected, a protection of vulnerable adults’ scheme was introduce. This scheme places people who have abused other vulnerable people on a list and if they should apply for a job that involves taking care of other people, then they will be a check to see whether or not their names appears on the list. CRB

CRB stands for Criminal Record Bureau it enables organisation that deals with vulnerable people to have their employee detail check to see if that have any criminal records and is capable to taking care of vulnerable people. The CRB check was lunched in March 2002 it was established under Part V of the Police Act 1997. With the health and safety act in place every organisation has a responsibility to its employee and to their service users to establish health and safety policies.

The health and safety is there to minimize hazards and risk to staff and service user as it thrive to promote a healthy and safe environment. Some health and safety policy covers risk assessment this includes, checking for hazards and risks indoors and outdoors. It also entails a fire safety procedure, ensuring that fire doors are clearly marked, never obstructed and easily opened from the inside. They health and safety policy ensures that there is a fire alarm so that it can detect smoke, so that any one within the premises can take the necessary precautions to evacuate the building.

The equality opportunity policy is another policy that is in place to protect individual accessing services and also employee. With regards to the race relation act, the disability discrimination act, the human rights act etc. every institution should promote anti discrimination and with an equal opportunity policy in place organisation are doing that. The equal opportunity policy promotes equality opportunity by ensuring that individual or not discriminated against because of their age, sex, gender, disability, nationality and religious beliefs.

The Department of Health has funded a new publication produced by the Social Care Institute for Excellence, on good practice guide for making referrals to the Protection of Vulnerable Adults List. This will help to give employers better information about when and who to refer to the POVA List. It will lead to better referrals which, importantly, will increase the protection of vulnerable people by removing those who are clearly unsuitable to work in regulated social care: The right to privacy is a fundamental human right, which is safeguarded and enshrined in our Constitution.

The enforcement of the right to privacy is facilitated by the protection of personal data from abuse. The Data Protection Act 2001 provides for the protection of individuals against the violation of their privacy by the processing of personal data and for matters connected therewith or ancillary thereto. The Data Protection Act was brought fully into force on the 15th July 2003, enabling data subjects to enjoy their rights under the Act.

M3 Explain how legislation, policies and procedures contribute to the protection of vulnerable adults In p6 I have identify the legislations, policies and procedures that protects adults, well in this assignment I am going explain how with these things in place how it contributes to the protection of vulnerable adults. As mentioned in p6 (POVA) Protection of vulnerable adults’ scheme is there to protect vulnerable adults. It contributes to doing so by providing a list of unsuitable people that cannot be able to work with vulnerable adults.

This is how it works, if an individual has abused or harmed vulnerable adults; he/she is put on this list, therefore, ensuring that he/she doesn’t get the opportunity to work with vulnerable adults again. By law any organisation that provides care for vulnerable adults has to check with the POVA before they employee anyone to work for them. As with the POVA, anyone who is thinking of working with vulnerable adults as to have a criminal record (CRB) done. The organisation they are considering working with has to ensure that the person is capable of not putting these people in any danger.

The CRB check contributes to the protection of vulnerable adults has anyone with a criminal offence is put a data base system that states the crime they did. So when a CRB check is done and that person is considered to be dangerous then the employers will not employee that person because of the possibility that he/she will put the service users in danger. Equal opportunity policy contributes to the protection of individual because with this policy in place discrimination is not permitted in organisations that care for vulnerable adults has with this policy in place diversity is positively welcomed, by respecting and treating each and every person that have access to the service equally with dignity, consideration and fairness.

This policy recognise that the existence of racial and sexual harassment creates a threatening and intimidating organisation so if any member of staff resort to such measures then the organisation will take the necessary precaution to ensure that such behaviour doesn’t persist so to protect the vulnerable adults that use their service they dismiss such individual or let the court deal with the. This illustrates that the equal opportunity policy contributes to protecting vulnerable adults.

Every organisation by law should have a health and safety policy, this includes organisations that provides health and social care for vulnerable adults and any organisation that has this policy takes steps to meeting the legal requirement has well as contribute to the protection of vulnerable adults.

As with it in place if an elderly person should have an accident the policy states that members of staff would know the necessary regulation to abide by ensuring that the person gets the right treatment and the organisation can prevent other people from having the same accident because they would then know how to prevent it.

D1 Analyse how organisation can work together to minimize the risk of abuse occurring in a health and social care context

The protection of vulnerable adults should be the central importance of organisations that provides health and social care for these individuals. Therefore to minimize abuse organisations can work together in partnership, through shared procedures to protect and to promote service users’ human rights for the protection of vulnerable adults at risk of abuse. Together they can provide basis procedures which will develop a more comprehensive proactive service for vulnerable adults and will develop a team of individuals who will operate and monitor the effectiveness of the procedure in order to ensure it does its job. If these organisations work together then the policies and procedure to minimise abuse will have a stronger training and staff development team, which will generate the awareness of abuse.

This will also give the general public the opportunity to get involve by speaking to the relevant authorities if they believe or suspect that a vulnerable person is being abuse. With organisations working together they can facilitate and develop policies and procedures which will help to monitor and review the strengths and weaknesses of each individual who access their services. This way they can see where they are making error, therefore viewing their policies to minimize abuse.

The idea of organisations working together in partnership is to ensure the safety of vulnerable adults by integrating strategies and policies so that they can deliver the highest standard of care, through promoting the empowerment of vulnerable service users to lead independent lives. This mean making sure that service users are at the centre of the care planning process by acknowledging their needs, so that their needs are cared for and they are not at risk of being abuse. Organisations such as residential care home, social care service department and Doctors/ GP surgery are the main organisations that can join force in order to minimize the risk of vulnerable adults being abuse.

For example, in the case where a service users have reported to being abuse the care worker can speak to the line manger and the line manager can assess the situation further by contacting social service department and if the social care department look into the issue that has been presented the social now has a duty to investigate it further by using the information that is given to assess the case. If the social worker thinks that they individual is subjected to abuse he/she will then contacted the police department for further investigation to take place the police department will have to work hand in hand with the medical professionals.

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Human Rights: Health and Social Care. (2016, Jun 09). Retrieved from