Health Chapter 9
What is the purpose of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans?
The guidelines are designed to help bridge the gap between the standard American diet and the key recommendations that aim to combat the growing obesity epidemic by balancing calories with adequate physical activity.
Over the past three decades, what has changed about the daily calorie consumption by Americans?
Americans eat more food than ever before. The average calorie consumption has increased from 2,169 to 2,614 calories per day since 1970.
What are nutrients? Why are they important?
Nutrients are the constituents of food that sustain humans physiologically: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and water. Our bodies need nutrients that provide the chemicals we need for activity and body maintenance.
What is fiber and what does it do for the digestive system?
Fiber is the indigestible portion of plant foods that helps move foods through the digestive system, delays absorption of cholesterol and other nutrients, and softens stools by absorbing water.
What type of food typically contains complete protein?
Animal products contain all nine of the essential amino acids.
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What type of dietary fat is solid at room temperature?
What are vitamins and why are they beneficial for the body?
Vitamins are potent and essential organic compounds that promote growth and help main life and health. Vitamins help maintain nerves and skin, produce blood cells, build bones and teeth, heal wounds and convert food energy to body energy.
What is one key to eating well in college?
One key to eating well in college is eating a complete breakfast that includes complex carbohydrates, protein and healthy, unsaturated fats, such as bananas, peanut butter and whole grain sandwiches.
If you are trying to maintain a healthy diet, what is NOT recommended when eating fast food?
It is not recommended to order giant sizes, ordering extra sauce, bacon, cheese, dressings and other extras that additional calories, sodium, carbohydrates and fat.
Charla wants to eat a healthy meal in the college dining hall. What types of food should she try to avoid adding to her plate?
She should avoid eating empty calories, which are high-calorie foods and drinks with little nutritional value, such as cakes, cookies, sodas, cheese, pizza, ice cream, hots dogs, bacon, ribs, wine beer, refined grains, white rice, crackers, etc. Ask the preparers to hold butter or oil, mayonnaise, sour cream, or cheese or cream based sauces.
What is the My Plate food guidance system for healthy eating and what does it recommend?
My Plate is a guidance system that takes into consideration the dietary and calories needs for a variety of individuals. The three general areas of recommendation are balancing calories: enjoying food but eating less and avoiding oversized portions; increase foods: make half of the plate fruits and vegetables, half whole grains and switch to 1% or fat free milk; and reducing foods: choose foods with lower sodium and drink water over others.