History Of The Car 19401970 Research Essay

History Of The Car, 1940-1970 Essay, Research Paper

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Al Whipple

History Report


History of the Automobile, 1940-1970

In the old ages of 1940-1970, American cars had changed drastically, along with the type of people who bought them and what they were used for.

At the beginning of this epoch you could purchase a glistening new Chrysler Town & A ; Country for less than 2,000 dollars. Most of the makers who made autos still do them today, although all of the companies have undergone extended alterations in the class of 60 old ages. At this clip there were no imports, either, such as today? s Mazda, Mitsubishi, Honda, or Hyundai. The prima American makers of cars at this clip were Ford, General Motors, Chrysler, and Chevrolet. Through most of the mid-fortiess and 1950ss, nevertheless, gross revenues were all but dominated by Ford and Chrysler. The two companies sold an norm of a million autos a piece, annually.

Chrysler? s chief theoretical accounts were the lower terminal DeLuxe Edition and the higher terminal Custom Edition. The old ages prior to World War 2 were some of the most profitable old ages for auto makers. In this clip, it was a craze to purchase autos, and most people could afford them. In these old ages ( 1930-40 ) auto companies thrived and amassed a luck that would prolong them for old ages to come.

When WW2 caught up with America, auto makers were caught hard. Previously, America had remained impersonal, and companies were basking the net incomes of trading goods with war-worn state. When the Nipponese bombed Pearl Harbor, car makers were lacerate asunder. Companies were banned to fabricate civilian cars, and were forced to assist with the war attempt. Chrysler Corporation particularly contributed to this attempt. K.T. Keller, ( the current C.E.O. of Chrysler ) set up a mill in Detroit that manufactured Sherman armored combat vehicles. This mill was capable of seting out 5 armored combat vehicles a twenty-four hours, and this mill made 1000s of armored combat vehicles for the allied forces. Other attempts included a works in Missouri that produced engines and fuselages to the B-29 Flying Fortress bombers. Several other workss were retooled to bring forth aircraft engines and parts. Although the companies were banned from bring forthing civilian cars, they were still planing them during the war. Even still, the outward design of most autos changed small. Toward the terminal of the war, car manufacturers were allowed to bring forth autos one time once more, although the? 46 theoretical accounts were rather cheapjack, as the authorities still limited stuffs allowed in industry. This did non discourage the populace, nevertheless. The war old ages to a great extent depleted the auto ownership in America. The theoretical account old ages of? 46 and? 47 were some of the greatest of all time for auto developers, and they one time once more began to accumulate lucks.

Throughout the old ages of? 47, ? 48, ? 49, and? 50, auto designs changed really small. Every twelvemonth, autos became somewhat more streamlined, and every twelvemonth autos became somewhat faster with a little more HP. Still, in these old ages after the war, really small changed in ways of expression or design. The first suburban styled auto ( seated 7 or more people ) came out in? 48. It was a Chrysler theoretical account, one of the Town & A ; Country series with wood paneled doors. These new theoretical accounts were really popular as hotel birds, Taxies, or merely for people with excessively big households. The thought of these theoretical accounts rather perchance led to the development of

similar usage vehicles such as minivans and the newer SUV? s.

The one exclusion to this letup was a? radical? new design by a adult male named Preston Tucker. He designed his theoretical account for rushing in the Indy 500. It shortly grew in popularity but he ne’er got the opportunity to market his racecar design. Ford and GM bought him out before he could mass-produce? The Tucker? . Merely 51 were made, of which 47 still exist today.

Merely in? 51 bash companies truly get down altering their out-of-date designs in topographic point of something more fashionable for the clip. The boxier autos of the mid-thirtiess had eventually started to melt, and autos began taking a lower crawl to the land, and became more streamlined. Besides this twelvemonth, Chrysler discontinued the older Town & A ; Country theoretical accounts with wooden doors and roofs. ( In? 54 another theoretical account comes out bearing the T & A ; C name, but it is unrelated to its predecessor. ) Some of the new theoretical accounts for Chrysler included the New Yorker, which led as gait auto in the Indy 500 that twelvemonth, and the Imperial, which came in exchangeable or hardtop. The Imperial bears an unbelievable resemblance to auto named? Greased Lightning? in the film and musical, Grease. At this clip, autos still ranged in monetary value from 1,500 dollars to 4,000. Another invention by Chrysler was a new engine apparatus that could bring forth twice the HP of the old theoretical account. This engine led the manner for the hot rod autos and engines of the late 1950ss and early 1960ss.

During the 1950ss, autos changed easy but steadily and as ever, the autos became somewhat faster, stronger, and sleeker every twelvemonth. At about 1955, autos became perceptibly different than their station war precursors. These autos were eventually the 1s that would take the manner to modern autos. These autos were merely before the craze of tail fives in autos caught on.

? 56 was another little clip of alteration for autos, as this was the first theoretical account twelvemonth of autos to feature tail fives, and little? gun-sight? visible radiations. Along with this alteration came a moderate monetary value displacement. Lower terminal autos were now traveling for 2,500 dollars, and higher terminal cars could bring every bit high as 5,000 dollars. Toward the terminal of the 1950ss, autos were unrecognisable in comparing to the earlier 1950ss theoretical accounts. In the 1960ss, the tail fins truly caught on, although they didn? t dominate every avenue of auto industry. Towards the sixtiess, tail fives easy faded out, and the resulting autos looked similar, merely missing the fives. Toward the terminal of the 1960ss, autos became drastically sleeker than earlier, fring any ridges or bumps that were unneeded. Popular athletics autos now resembled? The General? from the Dukes of Hazzard. These types of autos were produced until the early 1970ss, when manner changed one time once more.

Over the class of 30 old ages, cars changed from boxy, regular hexahedron shaped instruments of transit to new, stylish hot rods and pickup autos. The autos? intent has stayed the same ( and conceivably will go on to remain the same ) but the chase of the auto had changed drastically. People no longer take? Sunday drives? in their brassy new Plymouths ; the 1970ss were the age of the racecar. By the terminal of the 1960ss, auto monetary values neared 8,000 dollars, and were somewhat more expensive so that non every 1 could afford a trade name new theoretical account. The 1970ss besides saw the first existent out pouring of foreign manufactured autos. The auto of tomorrow was today ; auto makers had no where to travel but up.


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