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Which of the following was not a characteristic of the Industrial |6. Which of the following best summarizes the reform movements of the | |Revolution? |Industrial Revolution? | | | |a) capitalism replaces mercantilism as dominant political philosophy |a) capitalism should not be checked by government intervention | |b) mass production of goods due to advancement in machinery |b) reform more possible in Russia than in the United States due to | |c) civilizations replace agriculture with industry |autocratic structure | |d) massive urbanization |c) parliaments started passing laws that limited hours, child labor and | |e) lacked a clear-cut beginning and end |worsened working conditions | | |d) factory owners almost always made changes because they realized a | |2.

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Which of the following was not an effect of the Industrial Revolution? |happy, healthy, well-paid work force could be more productive | | |e) the number of people with influence – aristocracy and middle class – | |a) Western countries hesitant to export industrialization to colonies to |increased pressuring the government to act on behalf of the workers | |maintain dominance of trade | | |b) labor became less-skilled |7.

Which of the following was not a major global effect of the Industrial | |c) empowered people to believe they should have say in the government |Revolution? | |d) led to reform movements that limited working hours and child labor | | |e) the wealthy middle class left urban areas for the suburbs |a) countries with industrial technology had advanced military weapons | | |b) Western European nations could not be defeated by Africans in battle | |3. Which of the following best explains why Britain was able to |c) the creation of a monoculture that damaged both the environment and the| |industrialize first? economy | | |d) countries needed colonies to act as markets for finished goods | |a) Great Britain had vast deposits of natural energy sources – primarily |e) Britain became dominant global nation of 19th century because they were| |coal, oil, and nuclear power |first to industrialize | |b) By leaving their fields fallow, Great Britain was able to increase crop| | |production |8.

Which of the following reflected the living conditions of the | |c) life expectancy rose due to improved medical care, nutrition and |Industrial Revolution | |hygiene | | |d) steam power was invented by James Watt |a) Initial housing was quite comfortable for immigrants | |e) Rousseau’s landmark Enlightenment work – The Wealth of Nations – |b) crime able to spread relatively unchecked in densely populated areas | |outlined the steps Britain had already taken to industrialize |c) factories closed in the winter time creating free time for factory | | |laborers | |4. Which of the following was not a key phase of industrialization in |d) health care prevented spread of disease in tenements | |Great Britain? |e) the bourgeoisie and proletariat frequently shared housing because | | |that’s just the nice thing to do | |a) steam engine use adapted to every economic field | | |b) encouraged the development of vast networks of canals and railroads |9. What was the reaction to the Luddite protests? |c) electricity surpasses steam and coal as primary energy source | | |d) Bessemer Process takes impurities from iron allowing for the creation |a) business began to incorporate Luddite traditions in operational manuals| |of steel |b) government sided with the Luddites | |e) Eli Whitney’s invention of interchangeable parts prevented regions from|c) factories began making more user-friendly machines | |exchanging technology |d) government supported the bourgeoisie | | |e) conservatives frustrated by Luddite support for technological | |

5. Which of the following was a social effect of the Industrial |advancement | |Revolution? | | | |10. Which of the following was not a military improvement made during the | |a) birth of the proletariat – owners who control labor |Industrial Revolution? |b) middle class prevented from owning agriculture | | |c) man becomes part of machine instead of controlling machine |a) gunpowder | |d) on the assembly line, independent thought encouraged |b) modern artillery | |e) pace of work slows down giving individual workers more control over |c) machine gun | |pace of labor |d) steam powered battleships | | |e) more accurate rifles | |11. Which of the following best describes “Banana Republics”? |16. Which of the following best characterizes standard Marxist doctrine? | | | |a) one crop was prioritized at the expense of developing additional crops |a) Economic competition leads to the highest possible level of prosperity | |and creating a complex economy |for all | |b) parliamentary buildings created in a crescent shape to stimulate active|b) the struggle between propertied classes and laboring classes is the | |discussion |determining force in all human affairs | |c) tropical regions that lived on bananas as a staple product |c) Any interference with the natural operation of supply and demand is | |d) businessmen and industrialists were unable to strike deals with local |harmful. |aristocrats and politicians |d) It is possible to achieve social justice and economic equality within | |e) wealth created spreads to entire population |the capitalist framework | | |

e) There is no avoiding the fact that there will always be impoverished | |12. What was the first major trade to be fully power-driven and |classes in every society | |industrialized? | | | |17. How did industrialization affect the Atlantic slave trade? |a) the canning of food | | |b) the textile industry |a) Reliance on machines caused the slave trade to end somewhat earlier | |c) the production of rubber |than it would have otherwise | |d) the manufacture of glass |b) Industrialization had little or no effect on the slave trade | |e) the leatherworking trade |c) Industrialization of the textile trade increased the demand for U. S. | |cotton and revived slavery for several decades | |13. What effect did nineteenth-century industrialization have on Europe’s |d) Industrialization quickly ended the slave trade | |aristocratic class? |e) Steam power allowed the British and U. S. navies to stop the slave trade| | |altogether before the 1850s | |a) Industrialization made the aristocratic class more powerful | | |b) Industrialization had very little effect on the aristocratic class |18.

Which of the following was a major advantage Britain had over Japan in| |c) Industrialization gradually weakened the power and prestige of the |industrializing | |aristocratic class | | |d) Industrialization suddenly weakened the power and prestige of the |a) British able to industrialize faster due to prior knowledge | |aristocratic class |b) Britain is an island | |e) Industrialization had no effect at all on the aristocratic class |c) Britain has smarter people willing to work hard | | |d) Britain has large domestic deposits of coal | |14. Which of the following was NOT among the Western world’s industrial |e) British government favored industrialization | |leaders during most of the nineteenth century? | | | |19. Which of the following was a difference between Japanese | |a) Austria |industrialization and British industrialization? |b) England | | |c) Belgium |a) success of women’s reform movements | |d) the United States |b) class tensions developed | |e) the western German states |c) limited foreign investment | | |d) rapid urbanization | |15. Who came up with the notion of the “iron law of wages” that the |e) factories built quickly | |employer will pay the lowest possible wage to make a profit? | | | |20. Which of the following was not a technological innovation of the | |a) Adam Smith |Industrial Revolution? |b) Thomas Malthus | | |c) Robert Owen |a) new weaponry | |d) David Ricardo |b) cotton gin that made textile revolution possible | |e) Karl Marx |c) new technological innovations to extract resources from earth | | |d) Spinning Jenny | | |e) ox-drawn plow | | | | | |21. Which of the following was not a commonality of Industrial Revolutions| | |around the world? | | | | |a) urbanization due to poor harvests, too little land, too many mouths to | | |feed | | |b) brutal initial working conditions that lead to demands for reform | | |c) middle class forms made of factory managers, shop owners and the | | |proletariat | | |d) factories built near towns | | |e) increased need to find natural resources and markets for goods | |22. Which of the following was not a change in social thought that stemmed|

28. Thomas Paine’s Common Sense was notable for | |directly from urbanization? | | |a) its clear outlining of the correct operation of the steam engine | |a) women’s emancipation movements |b) its firm rebuttal of Christian ideology | |b) the Enlightenment |c) its attempt to unite Canada and the United States against the British | |c) rise of unions and laws to protect workers |Empire | |d) rise of Marxism |d) statement that monarchy stripped America of its natural rights | |e) independence movements and revolutions |e) its limited press run | | | | |23. Which of the following does not accurately reflect the changing role |29. One of the direct results of the American Revolution was | |of women due to the Industrial Revolution? | | |a) France’s impending economic crisis | |a) by 1900, most working women were single |b) loss of all British territory in the Americas | |b) women were usually paid less than men |c) establishment of the United States of America – a communist | |c) reform laws eventually limited women’s access to the marketplace |dictatorship bent on taking over the world | |d) upper class women more restricted to their home than in previous eras |d) creation of a Constitution that discussed notions of government never | |e) poor women actually had more opportunity for gender equality than |before experienced in the history of mankind | |upper/middle class women |e) the election of John Adams as the first president of the United States | | | | |24. Middle class housewives during the Industrial Revolution |30. Which of the following was not a cause of the French Revolution? | | | |a) lived in suburbs and sometimes managed a servant |a) the American Revolution | |b) expansive social opportunities consistently involving white collar |

b) economic policies of Louis XVI | |laborers |c) leisure expenditures of Marie Antoinette | |c) resisted pull of traditional role in house |d) inability to collect taxes from the Third Estate | |d) were the most active opponents of suffrage |e) Poor harvests and unemployment | |e) did not have access to labor saving devices | | | |31. Which of the following did not occur in the early stages of the French| |25. Because of the Industrial Revolution |Revolution? | | | |a) the massive working class consistently saw income disparity vis a vis |a) Napoleon established stability by taking power from the Directory | |the upper class |b) the Third Estate broke away from the First and Second Estate and | |b) power and wealth were again based solely on hereditary |established the National Assembly | |c) the new middle class consisted of managers, accountants, doctors, |c) revolutions in the city eventually spread to the countryside | |factory laborers and lawyers |d) Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were brought to Paris | |d) social mobility was limited |e) Louis XVI called a meeting of the Estates General for the first time in| |e) husbands became homemakers and wives became primary wage earners |over 150 years | | | | |Revolutions |32. The Declaration of the Rights of Man | | | | |26. Modern political revolutions were characterized by |a) increased the authority of feudal rights | | |b) established natural rights not discussed by previous Western nations | |a) the influence of Enlightenment ideals c) guaranteed freedoms of press and religion | |b) peasants and urban workers refusing to protest |d) was embraced by other European nations | |c) eventual choice of universal democracy instead of autocracy |e) reestablished the control of the Catholic Church | |d) the destruction of traditional religion | | |e) the unopposed rule of absolute monarchs |33. Which of the following was not accomplished during the Reign of Terror| | | | |27.

Which of the following was not a cause of the American Revolution |a) killing of thousands of French by using the guillotine | | |b) creation of a new constitution | |a) enforcement of navigation laws |c) beheading of its leader Robespierre | |b) frustration of colonists that they lacked representation in England |d) establishment of universal male suffrage | |c) opening of western lands to exploration and migration |e) refusal to adopt universal military conscription | |d) debt from Seven Years War | | |e) notions of a social contract described by British writer John Locke | | | | | |34. During the French Revolution, the Directory |40. Which of the following is an accurate depiction of politics in Europe | | |between 1815 and 1848? | |a) was led by three men who jointly ruled the executive branch | | |b) failed to end the chaos in France a) aside from French’s mini-revolutions, the remainder of Europe prevented| |c) increased the size of the military |social rebellions | |d) was replaced by Napoleon |b) the monarchies of Western Europe attempted to maintain control while | |e) agreed on all proposals without debate |controlling the frustration of the lower class | | |c) though Russia allowed serfs to leave their land, they could only vote | |35.

Which of the following is not true about the cycle of revolution |in local elections | | |d) even in Great Britain, only 50% of the population actively participated| |a) the initial stages are planned by the liberal nobility and wealthy |in parliament | |middle class |e) the lower classes gradually became more content with their status | |b) the radical phase becomes too radical leading to a conservative | | |backlash |41.

The Revolution of 1848 | |c) the revolution almost always ends in a democracy | | |d) the initial reforms aren’t enough so the revolution becomes more |a) were massive disturbances that to some degree affected every country in| |radical |Europe | |e) the greatest freedoms come at the beginning of the revolution, but |b) was started because the French king decided to enact reforms not agreed| |don’t last |on by other nations | | |c) reflected the frustration of the lower classes at the negative social | |36. Which of the following changes to France was not attributed to |and economic effects of the Industrial Revolution | |Napoleon? d) forced the king of Prussia to withdraw reforms | | |e) demonstrated that people were inspired more by religion than by | |a) created the fifth constitution of the French Revolution |nationalism | |b) censored speech and the press | | |c) created the Bank of France |Major Themes | |d) established law codes | | |e) developed the Napoleonic standardized law code that exists in France to|42. Which of the following was not a continuity of the Modern Era? | |this day | | | |a) Chinese belief in their own cultural superiority | |37.

Napoleon was successful in |b) Slavery ends and slaves incorporated into society | | |c) after decades of revolution, France emerged with a monarch in power | |a) defeating Moscow |d) Christianity continued to play large role in lives of Europeans | |b) making himself king of all of Europe |e) Conservatives attempt to keep power by fighting liberalizing elements | |c) turning the Holy Roman Empire into Germany | | |d) bringing the freedoms of France to Europe |43. Which of the following was not a shift of the Modern Era? | |e) conquering Austria, Prussia, Spain, Portugal and England | | | |a) mechanization and industrialization become driving forces | |38. The Congress of Vienna b) mercantilism and feudalism replaced by capitalism | | |c) elite status can now be achieved through wealth | |a) punished France by decreasing their borders to pre-medieval size |d) scientific/secular world begins to dominate thought | |b) formed moderate democracies in major European states |e) republican governments come to an end in favor of stable monarchies | |c) attempted to divide Europe amongst the Prussians and the British | | |d) attempted to maintain equilibrium in Europe by preventing any one |44. Which of the following occurred during the Modern Era? | |nation from becoming too powerful or weak | | |e) prevented any military conflict for a hundred years |a) Europe had a head start in industrialization due to their previous | | |voyages of exploration, colonization and control of world trading networks| |39.

The French Revolution can be considered a success because |b) unification of Germany, Italy and France | | |c) end of absolute monarchies | |a) the old royal family was put back into power |d) developments in one region have impact on other regions | |b) it did away with all forms of absolute monarchy |e) nationalism becomes huge force uniting people | |c) set the precedent that the voice of the masses could not be ignored | | |d) it resulted in universal manhood suffrage | | |e) tempered the spread of nationalism to European nations | | | | | |45. Which of the following does not represent the ideology of |51. As immigration increased | |ethnocentrism? | | |a) European settler colonies were unable to control native populations | |a) desire to convert heathens to Christianity and civilize them in the |b) industrialized nations began to lose profits | |European fashion |c) indigenous populations suffered from disease | |b) Rudyard Kipling’s novel the White Man’s Burden |d) young adults moved away from cities to the countryside in mass numbers | |c) Chinese believed they were the center of the world – the “Middle |e) middle class stayed in the cities while the poor were pushed to suburbs| |Kingdom” | | |d) Japan believed they were racially superior having an emperor as |52. Which of the following was not an effect of the Atlantic Slave Trade | |descendant of the creator of man | | |e) Europe had the military technology to act on their ethnocentric beliefs|a) Africans began to rely more on the slave trade for economic gain | | |b) Internal trade relies on the importation of foreign goods | |46. Why was change able to happen so quickly during the Modern Era? c) coastal kingdoms become ruled by merchants and warlords who take | | |advantage of slave trade | |a) communication rapid due to trains, ships and telegraph cables |d) coastal communities were so strong due to slave trade that they could | |b) invention of gunpowder |not be defeated by Europeans | |c) ruralization allowed like-minded people to associate |e) introduction of guns increased severity of conflicts between tribes | |d) countryside becomes more liberal, desiring change | | |e) Japan and Africa eager to see their culture become controlled by |53. What caused the end of the Atlantic Slave Trade | |Europeans | | | |a) France took a leading role in enforcing abolition | |47.

Examples of changes in World Trade during the Modern Era |b) Great Britain convinces nations to discontinue trade after Napoleonic | | |wars | |a) the transfer of manufactured goods from the West to the rest of the |c) ending of slavery first in Cuba and then in Brazil | |world |d) the cost of obtaining slaves was decreasing | |b) Latin American and African nations allowed to choose which crops they |e) military defiance by Africans | |grew | | |c) large plantations divided into small, independently owned plots of land|54. Which of the following does not reflect a population change during the| |d) slavery increases initially to satisfy demands of industrialization |Modern Era? | |e) Ottoman Empire increases control of the Mediterranean | | | |a) birth rate eventually declines due to lack of need for farm laborers | |48.

The Opium Trade |b) drop in death rate due to Louis Pasteur’s germ research | | |c) China’s development of the sweet potato eventually increases the food | |a) benefited China by increasing revenue from India |supply | |b) shifted the trade balance away from China to Europe |d) Japanese population declines due to famine and agricultural famines | |c) led to Opium Wars which eventually opened up trade in China to only e) improved sanitation improves health | |England | | |d) initially was able to trade out of all Chinese ports |55. The end of the Atlantic Slave Trade | |e) opened up the Suez Canal and made Egypt a dominant force in world trade| | | |a) was enforced by Great Britain after the abolition of the slave trade in| |49.

World Trade in the Modern Era saw |1640 | | |b) might have officially ended, but still over two million slaves were | |a) Japan refrain from joining the worldwide trading network |traded illegally | |b) the African Slave trade end in Brazil, North America, the Caribbean and|c) only increased the power of the coastal kingdoms | |the Middle East |d) left the African states independent and economically vibrant | |c) Commodore Perry open trade in China |e) came at the same time as the end of the Islamic slave trade | |d) Russia export grain to Western Europe | | |e) a maintenance of serfdom in Russia until 1900 |56.

The ideal women during the Victorian Age | | | | |Demographic and Environmental Changes |a) fought for reform efforts | | |b) worked in the factory to support a family | |50. All of the following were push factors that increased emigration in |c) held off marriage until she found someone she truly loved | |the Modern Era except |d) was consistently exposed to foul jokes and grotesque images | |e) focused on proper manners and etiquette | |a) oppressive Communism in Russia | | |b) famine in Ireland | | |c) anti-Semitism in Russia | | |d) poverty | | |e) Russian pogroms | | |57. Because of Industrialization |63.

The French were defeated in the Haitian Revolution because of | | | | |a) many people felt no longer resigned to fate and felt as if they could |a) their reliance on Freedom Fries as primary source of carbohydrates | |alter their situation |b) yellow fever wiped out French soldiers | |b) monkeys were able to floss their teeth with electric tooth brushes |c) Napoleon utilized indigenous soldiers to put down the revolution | |c) the standard of living went up immediately for everyone in the country,|d) Napoleon’s desire to sell the Louisiana Territory to the United States | |but then went down |e) the slaves never splintered into rival factions | |d) men’s occupational sphere primarily consisted of teaching and nursing | | |e) eventually governments had to encourage companies to work their |64. The Latin American struggles for independence were caused in large | |laborers longer hours under worse conditions |part by | | | | |58.

Serfdom |a) Napoleon’s wars against Europe left the power authority of Spain and | | |Portugal in doubt | |a) was prevalent in Russia, Madagascar and Papua New Guinea |b) the indigenous desire to set up a mercantilist economy | |b) ended, but peasants could not leave the land until they paid off their |c) British naval destruction of the Spanish Armada | |debt to the landowner |d) decrease of Amazonian vegetation | |c) occurred decades before the emancipation of slaves in the US |e) the frustration of the Spanish hierarchy that all governmantal jobs | |d) was needed to maintain a large population with surplus money to buy |were dominated by Creoles | |manufactured goods | | |e) was economically successful because it inspired peasants to work to |65. Though most Latin American nations gained independence from Europe, | |their full ability | | | |a) constitutional law oftentimes proved a failure, establishing a | |59. Which of the following was not a major cause championed by women |precedent of caudillos rising to power | |during the reform movements of the 1800s? b) Mexico and Brazil remained under control of Spain until World War I | | |c) religious leaders refused to recognize any of the new governments | |a) temperance |d) Latin America eventually became one nation-state under the title | |b) access to birth control |Estados Unidos del Sud Amerigo | |c) equal job opportunities |e) reformers and liberals chose to refrain from further attempts to extend| |d) suffrage |political and economic opportunities | |e) equal pay | | | |66. Which of the following was not a cause of economic difficulty for | |60. During the French Revolution, how was the abolishment of the monarchy |Latin American nations in the 19th century? | |and the aristocracy justified? | | |a) failure to diversify economies | |a) threat of invastion from Austria and German states |b) reliance on slave labor to survive | |b) need to test the effectiveness of the guillotine and other forms of |c) industrialization occcured too rapidly | |cutlery |d) importation of manufactured goods | |c) surplus of grain |e) predisposition to mere extraction of natural resources | |d) Napoleon’s rise to powe | | |e) the United States’ promise to intervene |67. Which of the following best describes Latin America’s relationship | | |with Europe | |61.

Which of the following is not a reason why historians claim the | | |American Revolution was not actually a revolution? |a) Europe had no influence on Latin America | | |b) Europe had little influence on Latin America | |a) merely the exchange of power from one wealthy group to another |c) United States stayed out o Latin American affairs | |b) actually an independence movement |d) Europeans had no impact on political leaders of Latin America | |c) social/political structure remained relatively unchanged e) A huge European influence continued both economically and politically | |d) regions of Colonial America already ruled with a growing degree of | | |autonomy |68. The first Mexican Revolution was led by | |e) the Declaration of Independence was actually just copied from the work | | |of John Locke |a) a Creole priest without assistance from mestizos and Native Americans | | |b) a Creole priest that led mestizos and Native Americans | |62.

The Haitian Revolution |c) Creole business owners frustrated by Spanish influence | | |d) French revolutionaries intent on transforming region | |a) failed to receive the support of creoles and mulattoes |e) an overweight Northern European from the Arctic who passed out presents| |b) was put down by Napoleon’s agent Touissant L’Ouverture | | |c) was caused in part by the self-serving French mercantilist policy | | |d) inspired the American Revolution | | |e) created the first nation in the Caribbean ruled under a policy of | | |apartheid | | |69. All of the following were results of the first Mexican Revolution |76. Which of the following does not accurately reflect the Latin American | |except |independence movements | | | | |a) universal manhood suffrage a) Portuguese King John VI runs Portugal in exile in Brazil | |b) French occupation |b) were caused in large part by the confusion over authority due to | |c) eventual reforms under Benito Juares |Napoleon’s European conquests | |d) continued years of chaos |c) Venezuelan Simon Bolivar attempted to implement reforms learned through| |e) relative lack of Creole interest in reform |his Western education | | |d) The Argentinian independence movement was contained within Argentina’s | |70.

One of the primary causes of the Mexican Revolution of 1910 was |borders | | |e) King John VI’s son Pedro eventually declares independence from Portugal| |a) the widening income gap between landowners and peasants | | |b) oppressive Spanish rule |77. Which of the following was not a characteristic of Latin American | |c) decreasing impact of Catholicism |independence movements? | |d) conservative reformers demanding change | | |e) the French Revolution |a) acceptance of Enlightenment ideals by the both creoles and peasants | | |b) slavery still existed in some nations for centuries | |71.

Which of the following was not a cause of the Chinese Revolution? |c) peasants worked on huge estates | | |d) a dominant middle class never emerged | |a) Qing administration’s decision to take power from provincial |e) economies continued to rely on European goods | |governments | | |b) increasing influence of foreigners |78.

Independence from European influence was hampered by | |c) frustration of rural peasants | | |d) diffusion of Western reform ideas by educated Chinese |a) the Catholic Church’s desire to give up control | |e) embarassing defeat in Sino-Japanese War |b) conservative attempts to give up power | | |c) Latin American maintenance of a mercantilistic-type economy | |72. Dowager Empress Cixi |d) an ocean | | |e) Latin America’s burgeoning manufacturing industry | |a) has a name I can readily pronounce | | |b) nephew’s concubine who ruled in his place |79.

One method that allowed Russian leaders to maintain control over a | |c) encouraged implementation of Western reform ideals |huge territory was | |d) eventually arrested Emperor after considering Hundred Days Reform | | |e) increased territorial holdings of China |a) usage of a secret police to squash rebellion | | |b) recruitment of serfs for military duty | |73.

The Chinese Revolution of 1911 was followed by |c) alliance with China to fend off Mongol advance | | |d) clever flag with a hammer and sickle | |a) years of chaos and the gradual secession of provinces |e) leadership wholesale acceptance of Enlightened ideals | |b) decades of stability enforced by a democratic regime | | |c) the establishment in 1927 of a Republican parliament |80. Russia’s Emancipation Edict of 1861 | |d) the return of power to the Qing emperor in 1912 | | |e) the decreasing power of warlords in outlying provinces |a) freed slaves | | |b) enabled serfs to move only if they made payments to government | |74.

Sun Yat-sen |c) followed the precedent of America’s Emancipation Proclamation | | |d) was an alliteration | |a) initiated the revolt in 1911 by leading a military insurgency |e) was passed by Czar Nicholas II | |b) was frustrated that he had not achieved the title of father of Modern | | |China |81.

During Nicholas II’s Russification | |c) advocated the principles of nationalis, democracy and the People’s | | |Livelihood |a) thousands of Jews were killed in religious pogroms | |d) refused to employ military strategies to gain power |b) Communist forces storm Leningrad | |e) died before seeing the revolution succeed |c) bread harvests reach unprecedented heights | | |d) Russia’s borders spread to Northern California | |75. The Chinese Republic of 1912 |e) vodka is outlawed on streets, but not avenues | | | | |a) was run by the Communist Party – Kuomintang |82. The creation of the Duma | |b) represented the first time in China a politician had come to power by | | the will of the people |a) satisfied the peasant demands for autonomy | |c) ended in a Civil War as Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong united to assume|b) had no real power and could be cancelled at any time | |power |c) demonstrated Czar Nicholas II’s understanding of the needs of the | |d) succeeded without assistance fromthe Soviets |people | |e) implemented the American Constitution for 87 years |d) followed Russia’s victory in the Russo-Japanese War | | |e) followed the incorporation of universal manhood suffrage in Russia | | | | | | | |83. In India, |90.

Once Germany had unified | | | | |a) a large number of educated elite demanded the freedom they learned from|a) Europe embraced the new nation | |their Western education |b) Europe was threatened by the industrial potential of the new nation | |b) the Indian National Congress was established in 1912 |c) Otto von Bismarck was annointed emperor | |c) Mohandas Gandhi became the nation’s first Prime Minister |d) Germany devalued their navy in favor of a superior standing army | |d) independence was gained due to violent confrontation with Britain |e) they pursued colonial ambitions in Latin America and Eastern Europe | |e) the Great Wall of China can not be seen from my house | | | |91. Which of the following was not a reason why nations moved toward | |84. Latin American revolutions were |representative government in the 19th century? | | | |a) led by wealthy, educated creoles |a) industrialization | |b) replaced creole landowners with peninsulares |b) modernization | |c) for the most part completed by 1812 |c) urbanization | |d) successful in that they prevented future civil wars or power rivalries |d) population growth | |e) put down by caudillos, priests who protected peasants at all costs |e) religion | | | | |85. A connection to one’s own home, region, language and culture is known |92. Which of the following was not an issue facing republican governments? |as | | | |a) British needed to balance needs of aristocracy and growing middle class| |a) nationalism |b) France under the Fourth Republic became the most democratic nation in | |b) feudalism |Europe | |c) communism |c) Nations such as Italy and Germany still preferred leader who championed| |d) the Great Schism |nationalistic causes | |e) multi-colored prism |d) Austria moved closer toward autocracy, dismissing liberal claims | | |e) In Germany, upper class votes more important than that of the lower | |86. Germany and Italy |classes | | | | |a) were two of the first European regions to centralize authority while |93.

In Russia, Alexander II | |creating a nation | | |b) unified by the second part of the nineteenth century and changed the |a) was shot after trying to implement reforms | |balance of power in Europe |b) increased censorship to maintain power of czar | |c) were free of foreign control prior to their unification |c) centralized government by taking power from provincial governments | |d) refused to involve themselves in land claims around the world |d) emancipated serfs in 1861 | |e) invented noodles and schnitzel |e) created Duma to satifsy radicals | | | | |87. Which of the following was not true about Italy’s unification? |94.

During the Tokugawa Shogunate | | | | |a) it was inititated by the king of the island kingdom Sardinia |a) power resided with the emperor | |b) focused on kicking out the Austrians from northern Italy |b) the samurai fought with the haiyatsu for dominance | |c) northern Italians were content with the established border following |c) the Tokugawa clan centralized government | |unification |d) social mobility became increasingly possible | |d) forced France to withdraw in 1870 |e) Japan involved itself with world trade | |e) difficult to unite because regions quite culturally different | | | |95. The Meiji Restoration | |88.

The German states and the Austrian Empire | | | |a) was implemented from above by the government | |a) were united under the Holy Roman Empire |b) was successful due to the dominance of the merchant class | |b) shared Prussia and Poland |c) came without Western encouragement | |c) pushed for Industrial Revolution under Frederick the Great |d) abolished payments to samurai | |d) devalued education |e) created formal law code and elected parliament known as the Diet | |e) both ruled through a central authority in the capital | | | |96. Japan successfully industrialized for all of the following reasons | |89.

William I was able to unify Germany by |except | | | | |a) transferring money spent on the military to improving infrastructure |a) sent diplomats and members of the upper class to West to train | |b) uniting German states against a common enemy |b) private banks took a leading role in funding entrepreneurs | |c) fighting the Catholic German states in the Battle of Bismarck |c) the increasing dominance of the zaibatsu | |d) declaring the Third Reich |d) the encouragement of private enterprise | |e) asking a short dictatoresque Austrian to take over power |e) already had access to technology of Industrial Revolution | |97. Because of the Meiji Restoration |104. By 1900 | | | | a) meritocracy became the sole reason for career advancement |a) governments across Europe dealt with the issue of how to maintain peace| |b) middle class influence reverts to pre-Tokugawa era |while giving power to the people through an elected body | |c) the lower class gained access to education and could now serve in |b) trade unions had yet to successfully motivate employers to listen to | |military |workers’ demands | |d) population decreased due to restrictions on birth rates |c) the upper class was drawn to radical ideas that encouraged a | |e) the civil service exam was abolished |redistribution of wealth | | |d) Ottoman Empire had been losing control of its provinces for centuries | |98. A woman who subscribed to the “cult of true womanhood” would |e) arbitrary rule of dictators begins to outweigh written law | | | | |a) contradict her husband if she knew the correct course of action |105.

Labor unions were | |b) utilize her free time to champion reform movements | | |c) was free to explore her sexuality |a) initially supported by the government | |d) be able to fight in the military if properly trained |b) at first illegal and union members risked injury for participation | |e) be comfortable staying at home to care for her husband |c) for higher wages, better working conditions and more hours | | |d) never targeted by communist and socialist organizations for membership | |99. During the early phases of women’s reform movements |e) prominent in Russia and Japan | | | | |a) women were granted the right to vote |106. Which of the following was not a Western cultural attitude? |b) women struggled to improve divorce laws | | |c) women discouraged temperance |a) increasing nationalist movements | |d) women ignored the slavery issue due to the existence of abolitionists |b) pursuing greater access to public education | |e) Eastern Europe saw the greatest social advances |c) avoidance of secular worldview | | |d) studying the mind is a science | |100. By 1900, the dominant method of economic organization was |e) materialistm | | | | |a) laissez faire, free market capitalism |107.

The new artistic trends of the late 19th century did all of the | |b) mercantilism |following except | |c) communism | | |d) barter |a) refused to deal with the hardships of everyday life | |e) Euromonetaryfundism |b) began depicting abstract images | | |c) rejected the emotion and passion of Romanticism | |101.

All of the following are true about the Industrial Revolution except |d) defied artistic conventions | | |e) analyzed the inner behavior and motivations of characters in literature| |a) the lower class usually benefits in the early phases, but suffers later| | |on |108. Which of the following relationships was not an example of economic | |b) the overall increase in prosperity of peoples across the social scale |imperialism? |c) some nations adopted Western techniques, some chose to ignore | | |Westernization |a) dependence of Central America on foreign loans | |d) prospered in nations that believed in the “invisible hand” of supply |b) control of Hawaiian sugar and pineapple harvests by the United States | |and demand |c) European control of the pace of Japanese industrialization | |e) led to pessimistic analytical pieces by Thomas Malthus and David |d) Latin America’s trade imbalance with Europe | |Ricardo |e) the United State’s influence on Cuban plantations | | | | |102. A group of reformers who created societies that would create |109. Which of the following was not a cause of imperialism and | |happiness through thoughtful planning and regulation were |colonialism? | | | |a) utopian socialists |a) need to maintain bases and coal stations around the world | |b) Marxists |b) decreasing populations forced European nations to seek outside labor | |c) Communists |c) new weaponry gave Europe a military advantage | |d) Jacobin Club |d) medical advances allowed Europeans to enter continents without fear of | |e) women suffragettes |malaria and yellow fever | | |e) belief in racial superiority of the Europeans | |103. By 1914 | | | | |a) 88% of the world was controlled by Europeans | | |b) Japan had failed to create an industrialized nation that could defeat a| | |Western powe | | |c) alliances had been avoided by all major Western European powers to | | |avoid future conflict | | |d) the United States of America played a minimal role in Latin American | | |affairs | | |e) Italy and Germany divided into a series of city-states | | |110. Which of the following best represents the European notions of racial|116. Which of the following was not a characteristic of British rule of | |superiority? |India? | | | |a) Rudyard Kipling’s epic novel “White Man’s Burden” |a) all castes exposed to British education | |b) Social Darwinists who believed those technologically and culturally |b) spread of Christianity | |advanced should conquer those less-developed |c) building of roads and canals | |c) Other cultures were vibrant and their traditions should be kept intact |d) raw materials flowed out of India and manufactured goods flowed back in| |d) native religions should not be impeded and missionary ork should be |e) rate of urbanization increased | |avoided | | |e) Cecil Rhodes belief that Europe should colonize and conquer Latin |117. India | |America because Europeans are the “finest race in the world” | | | |a) made Britain the preeminent colonial power in the world | |111.

Which of the following does not accurately reflect how European |b) was forever altered socially and politically | |nations controlled their colonies? |c) saw its profits from raw materials sent back to England | | |d) saw its local businesses threatened by British products | |a) the British and Belgians allowed their holdings to maintain political |e) all of the above | |autonomy | | |b) the Portuguese were quite harsh in their treatment of natives |118.

British rule | |c) Italy resorted to poison gas in trying to control Northern Africa | | |d) the French tried to civilize and convert natives through their “la |a) outlawed sati but allowed the ritual assassination of travellers | |mission civilisatrice” |b) reduced the level of conflict between Hindus and Muslims | |e) the British introduced positive social reforms and helped create |c) discontinued the civil service exam | |infrastructure |d) created a system where peasants were given land by local zanzibars | | |e) all of the above | |112. Which of the following was not an Indian product desired by | | |Europeans? |119. Which of the following does not accurately reflect European influence| | |in Southeast Asia? |a) porcelain | | |b) tea |a) France created the colonies of Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos | |c) sugar |b) Indonesia was controlled by the Dutch East India Company | |d) salt |c) Bristish influenced Malaya and the island Singapore | |e) textiles |d) the Philippines was ruled for most of the 19th century by Spain | | |e) part of Indonesia was controlled by Portugal | |113. In India, the French were defeated by | | | |120.

Thailand was one of the few Asian regions to remain free of colonial | |a) the Belgian military |rule because | |b) the Mughal empire | | |c) the British East India Company |a) the King of Siam had an affair with a beautiful teacher from England | |d) janissaries |b) both England and France essentially agreed to keep the region as a | |e) colonial officers |buffer zone between their empires | | |c) Thailand industrialized making it a formidable military foe | |114.

Which best explains the British East India Company’s ability to |d) natural resources of region not desired by Europe | |govern India |e) rapid spread of malaria made region inhospitable | | | | |a) size of corporation |121. Which of the following was not a reason the United States annexed the| |b) ability to work with local rulers and manipulate regional divisions |Phillippines? |c) Indian desire to be ruled by outsiders | | |d) centralized authority ruled from London |a) fear that the recently liberated island nation would fall into Chinese | |e) British hesitancy to put down insurrections that might harm regional |hands | |power |b) White Man’s Burden | | |c) President McKinley believed it was his religious obligation to bring | |115.

The Sepoy Mutiny |Christianity to the heathens | | |d) naval base in Pacific | |a) started because a rumor spread that British soldiers used pork and beef|e) navy already in region due to victory over Spain in Spanish-American | |fat for soap |War | |b) started because the sepoys were not able to fight overseas | | |c) was initiated in the name of Siddharta Guatama |122. Napoleon referred to China as a “sleeping dragon” because | |d) saw unparalled cooperation between Muslims and Hindus | | |e) led to 300 million Indian subjects being put under the crown authority |a) it would be a formidable foe once its resources and population were | |of England utilized efficiently | | |b) its military devestated surrounding regions | | |c) he was defeated by Chinese soldiers in Egypt in 1797 | | |d) calling it an awake dragon would sound kind of awkward | | |e) the nation had an unfair trade balance with Europe because no European | | |nation wanted Chinese goods | |123. The product that eventually opened China to European trade was |130.

In China, the guerilla war against expatriates and missionaries is | | |known as the | |a) opium | | |b) porcelain |a) Boxer Rebellion | |c) tea |b) White Lotus Rebellion | |d) timber |c) Taiping Rebelling | |e) silver |d) Manchu Expulsion | | |e) all of the above | |124. Which of the following was not a reason China was unable to push back| | |European influence? |131. The primary European partition of Africa occurred between | | | | |a) expensive cost of securing borders drained treasury a) 1750 and 1780 | |b) population growth was not being matched by food harvests |b) 1780 and 1810 | |c) corrupt government officials |c) 1810 and 1840 | |d) Europe hadn’t traded with China for over three hundred years |d) 1840 and 1880 | |e) string of incompetent leaders |e) 1880 and 1910 | | | | |125. Which of the following is not a reason the Manchu Emperor of China |132. Following the Berlin Conference | |outlawed the Opium Trade in 1839? | | |a) Europe began creating national boundaries in Africa based on regional | |a) decrease in productivity resulting from addiction |issues | |b) unfair trade balance |b) Europe began a mad scramble to divide up the African continent | |c) decline in Chinese values |c) Ethiopia and Liberia fell under control of Italy and Germany | |d) fear of ever increasing influence of the West |respectively | |e) workers too effective because opium heightens the senses and makes a |d) European powes realized the notion of White Man’s Burden was a bit | |human able to work for 27 hours straight without a break |condescending | | |e) Arabs and Christians united to push Italy out of Ethiopia | |126. When the Christian missionaries returned to China in 1844 | | | |133. Africa was able to be colonized in the 19th century because | |a) they forced the nation to adopt Christian doctrine | |b) they refused to teach English and Western culture to the Chinese |a) the region was mapped and transporation innovations allowed for | |c) shared technological advances of the West |exploration of interior regions | |d) allowed footbinding if the shoes were red |b) Africa asked for assistance in industrializing | |e) they only negatively affected the region |c) Europe’s vast population overwhelmed Africa | | |d) Europe had created one grand alliance bent on taking over the world | |127. China’s relationship with Europe can best be described as |e) all of the above | | | | |a) extraterritorial |134.

In response to the European advancement into the European continent | |b) colonial | | |c) mercantilistic |a) the Ashanti Kingdom used their purchased weapons to fight the Europeans| |d) trading partner |b) the Zulu kingdom showed some early success against the British | |e) alliance |c) some African leaders work with the Europeans to create a mutually | | |beneficial trading relationship | |128.

The Taiping Rebellion |d) the Ashanti Kingdom increased in power as neighboring regions plunged | | |into war | |a) was the second deadliest war in world history |e) all of the above | |b) resulted from peasants frustrated by taxes and arbitrary rule | | |c) was a reaction to foreign rule |135. The Boer War | |d) was eventually put down with assistance from the United States | | |e) all of the above |a) saw the native Boers fight the Dutch and British | | |b) resulted as the Dutch moved into Zulu controlled land | |129.

China’s Open Door policy |c) eventually put all of South Africa under control of the Dutch | | |d) resulted in 47 billion casualties | |a) opened China to trade with any nation |e) resulted in the creation of Cape Town – a naval base and port city | |b) was initiated due to a humiliating military defeat to the Japanese | | |c) saw foreign nations invest in business, communication and transporation| | |systems | | |d) started after Commodore Perry proved the US’s naval superiority | | |e) all of the above | | | | | | | | |136. Both colonies in South Africa and India saw |142. Why wasn’t the Ottoman Empire overthrown? | | | | |a) Western-educated natives develop strategies for independence |a) Europe wanted to keep it held together because it was predictable and | b) a brutal caste system destroy society |relatively stable | |c) Muslim rule triumph over Christianity |b) European military inferior to that of Ottomans | |d) the exploitation of indegenous societies for the mining of diamonds |c) Geographical boundaries prevented invasion | |e) apartheid laws created to separate racial groups |d) Balkan states unite to create formidable foe | | |e) region had already implemented radical reforms | |137. Which of the following is not an accurate statement regarding Egypt | | |in the 19th century? |143. In what ways were the African colonies different from the Indian | | |colonies? |a) Muhammad Ali industrialized Egypt enabling it to gain autonomy from the| | |Ottoman Empire |a) both colonies solely controlled by British | |b) Egypt eventually had to pay debts to Great Britain by allowing them to |b) boundary lines determined without concern for local population | |control the Suez Canal |c) infrastructure not brought to major cities | |c) Britain wanted to control the Suez Canal to expedite trade with India |d) both colonies saw violence between indigenous groups | |d) Egypt’s government essentially became a puppet government having to |e) by 1900 India controlled by one nation whereas Africa controlled by | |answer to Egypt |many | |e) though Egypt didn’t control the Suez Canal, they were given a share of | | |ownership in the Panama Canal |144. Which of the following was not a reflection of Japan’s rapid | | |industrialization? | |138.

Which of the following was not a negative effect of African | | |imperialism in Africa |a) ability to beat Russia in Russo-Japanese War | | |b) ability to fend off economic threat of Europe | |a) arbitrary borders created by European powers would be the cause of many|c) ability to beat China in Sino-Japanese War | |of the 20th century conflicts in Europe |d) ability to beat Vietnam in Indochina-Japanese War | |b) natural resources leave region benefitting Europe |e) Japan becomes first non-Western nation in centuries to create new | |c) slave trade continues on West Coast, but is discontinued on the Swahili|empire | |Coast | | |d) fostered pattern of violence to obtain political control |145. Which of the following was not a reason for the decline of the | |e) impeded the development of diverse economies |Ottoman Empire? | | | | |139. Which of the following does not accurately depict European relations |a) mediocre rulers | |with Africa? b) janissary support for reform | | |c) conservative religious leaders concerned about change | |a) upon initial contact, Europeans made consistent effort to colonize the |d) Ottoman Empire too large to control border regions | |interior regions |e) growing threat of European imperialism | |b) Africa became the center of the slave trade | | |c) resources such as gold, ivory and timber were plundered |146. Which of the following occurred due to US imperialism? |d) naval bases and outposts were established | | |e) coastal ports used as stopping points for merchants on way to India |a) America develops a sphere of influence around South America with | |and China |Eisenhower Doctrine | | |b) America encouraged Panamian revolt to gain control of Suez Canal | |140. Which of the following does not accurately describe South Africa? c) US becomes world power with annexation of Guam, Puerto Rico and Cuba | | |d) America used British navy to support | |a) British arrived first and set up trading post |e) America becomes isolated and refuses to ever send troops to foreign | |b) Dutch Afrikaners/Boers eventually moved inland which created conflict |countries | |with Zulus | | |c) African National Congress made up of Enlightened thinkers who wanted |147.

The Congress of Vienna | |independence | | |d) Shaka Zulu was nicknamed the “Black Napoleon” |a) kept relative peace in Europe for a century | |e) discovery of diamonds and gold encouraged mass immigration |b) created radical changes in the governmental structure of Europe | | |c) was led by Frenchmen Rousseau | |141. What was the term given to the downfall of the Ottoman Empire? |d) created France and British as dominant nations | | |e) occurred in Germany | |a) the Eastern Debacle | | |b) the Eastern Question |148.

Which of the following is not a characteristic of nationalism | |c) the Middle Eastern Quandary | | |d) the Return of the Jedi |a) drove the Japanese to industrialize quickly | |e) the Emancipation of Mimi |b) drove Europeans to compete with each other for imperial holdings | | |c) drove Chinese peasants to attempt to preserve Manchu dynasty | | |d) drove Egyptians to revolt against control of Ottoman Empire | | |e) drove colonial resistance by Indians, Chinese and Africans | | | | |149. Which of the following best explains modernization theory? | | | |Do you think most of your answers are right? Send them to | |a) desire for democracy will evolve after nations become economically |[email protected] et | |prosperous | | |b) nations become economically prosperous only after establishing | | |democracy | | |c) western Europe is an anomaly for modernization theory | | |d) impedes social change | | |e) women have no opportunity to gain opportunities | | | | | |150. Which of the following does not accurately describe dependency | | |theory? | | | | |a) nations will eventually become economically prosperous | | |b) nations that have been dependent will remain dependent | | |c) developed nations have access to industries to process natural | | |resources | | |d) dependent nations export natural resources and agricultural products | | |e) dependent nations provide cheap labor | |

Cite this History Paper

History Paper. (2016, Oct 30). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/history-paper-3/

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