A young slave girl called Abina Mansah lived in the British Gold Coast Colony (now Ghana) in 1876. She was born in Asante/Ashanti. Abina had been captured in Asante area, and enslaved in two houses in Asante, the first one was in the capital city of Coomassie at Eddoo Buffo’s home and the second one in Asante territory of Adansi20. Abina’s life events did not happen by accident. Everyone’s life shaped by things or people around us for exmaple family, friends, and culture.
Sometimes these things around us force us to shape our life and the way we are.
Abina’s life was shaped by some forces. Although there are many forces that shaped Abina’s life, the most important two are slavery and imperialism. Slavery is an important force that shaped Abina’s life. Africa had already an existing system of slave trade, before the European arrival, flowing across the Sahara to North Africa and Egypt to the red sea and Swahili coast of East Africa.
Europeans got their slaves from African slaving networks. Some of the slaves went north to east Muslim or Hindu shippers. The demand for slaves in America rose because of the plantation agriculture began to spread.
As a result, more and more slaves were sent to Africa’s west Coast. Twelve and a half million African slaves shipped to Atlantic ports from 1525(the date of first trip from Africa to the Americas) to 1867) (when the last trip took place) ( WTWA, 495). Moving many Africans to the Americas, the slave trade resulted losses of sex ratios in both places because most of the slaves who shipped to the Americas were adult males. The Europeans preferred male labors; however they desired female slaves primarily for household work and produce for slave-children. Abina was a slave and that’s one of the important forces that shaped her life.
Abina was a slave in her youth (Abina,6). That means she did not live her childhood. She worked and cooked for people; while she did not want to but she was forced. That built the anger inside her and made her unhappy and always wanted to run away. Abina once ran away from Quamina to Cape Coast because she did not want to be a slave anymore and she thought that everyone is free there. Abina once got afraid because she saw her old master Quamina(Abina, 11). At the time she was working for James Davis and she told him that he will take me away (Abina, 12). That means she was afraid from some people and the system of lavery and the power to control her. When Abina was a slave, she could not take care of her body and health like others who were not slaves (Abina, 36). When she was working for Qumina’s sister she could not take care of her body and health and here she knew that she was a slave. That made her feel that she is less than others. Abina said when she was a slave, she worked and she was not paid. That made her feel unfairness. Abina was beaten, flogged, and logged, when she was alve(Abina, 43). That means she was in pain and forced to do work. As a result, she wanted to face Quamina in the court because she wanted her voice to be reached.
Abina and Mr. Davis wrote a paper to submit to the magistrate saying that she enslaved by Quamina Eddoo, she was sold by yaw to Quamina, and told to marry Tando. However, she lost the trial because she was a slave and Quamina was an important man, therefore William Melton made Quamina guilty. The success of the European imperialism was important to shape Abina’s life. Africa became the main goal of interest (WTWA, 648). “No region felt the impact of European colonialism more powerfully than Africa,”( WTWA, 651). The discovery of gold and diamonds made other European powers to rush for colonial holdings. A major moment in intiating the European scramble for African colonies occurred in 1882 when the British invaded and occupied Egypt,”( WTWA, 651). African Resistance African leaders either negotiated to reduce the loss of their land or fought and all of them were crushed. The Europeans and people from the United States celebrated because of the Imperialism. “The British were, by the late eighteenth century, the biggest proponents of the abolition of slavery worldwide was something of an irony, since they had in previous centuries been the world’s largest slave dealers,” (Abina, 104).
That was an important force because it led Abina ran away from Qumina to get her rights. This is why slavery was an important force that shaped Abina’s life. Britain imperialism shaped Abina’s life and encouraged her to get her rights. Abina was sold by her master to the house of Quamna Eddoo, after that she ran away from him because she did not want to be called slave anymore. She went to Cape Coast because she thought everyone was free (Abina, 7). The British abolished slavery because of the abolition drives and religious groups, fight by enslaved, and the change in the economic interest.
After she knew that the British freed all the slaves she did not want to stay at Qumina’s house and she ran away because she wanted to choose for herself not be forced to do work. Abina. Abina was treated as a slave and that’s what made her ran away to get her right. Once Abina were yelling in the court and saying” I had been sold and I had no will of my own and could not look after my body and health therefore I knew I was a slave,”(Abina, 36,37). Although Abina did not have to go to Qumina Eddoo again, she wanted to fight for her right and her voice to be reached.
Therefore, Imperialism made Abina fought for her right and not to be afraid. Slavery and imperialism are the most important forces that affected Abin’s life. Slavery is an important force because when she lost the trial against Quamina that was because she was a slave and he was an important man. Imperialism is an important force because because that mad Abina fought for her right and not to be afraid. There were many forces that shaped Abina’s life but the Slavery and imperialism were the most important.
Cite this History Paper: Abina Abina’s Life
History Paper: Abina Abina’s Life. (2016, Oct 29). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/history-paper-abina-abinas-life/