How Be a First Aider by Using Drcab Techniques?

Title: How Be A First Aider By Using DRCAB Techniques? Specific Purpose : To inform my audience on how be a first aider by using DRCAB techniques. Central Idea: The DRCAB technique consists of checking for Danger, Response, Circulation, Airway and Breathing of the patient that being treated. Introduction: I. Attention grabber: A. Which is the most important in your life? 1. is it a car? or a lot of money? a big house? a great job! and What about your life? is it important? B. Let say, we ignore our life. Just imagine it, when someone you love are injured, what’s your action? just looking them? r crying? or you can’t do anything to save them? C. Thousands of lives are lost every year because of lack of first aid knowledge. 1. If we do not know to do anything to save them and we don’t have any knowledge about first aid. What will happen? I think you know it’s. Therefore, think about it before late. D. Many of these deaths could be prevented if we be a first aider by using DRCAB technique before emergency services arrive 1. Learning this techniques can help you cope with an emergency. You may be able to keep a person breathing, reduce their pain until an ambulance arrives.

This could mean the difference between life and death. II. Reveal a topic The DRCAB of first aid is a keyword designed to help people remember how to respond to an emergency situation in which someone is injured. If all of the vital signs are monitored and addressed, a patient has a much better chance of surviving until trained help arrives. III. Establish Credibility I have been Involved in first aider at UiTM, therefore I have been taught by my coach to understanding DRCAB techniques. In addition, sense of responsibilities, I also have done research on this technique in depth. IV. Preview Statement

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Today, I will like to share about the steps of DRCAB technique. There are consists of checking for Danger, Response, Circulation, Airway and Breathing of the patient that being treated. Body: I. check for DANGER A. Is there DANGER to yourself, others or the casualty? 1. Always be aware of potential dangers at an incident (e. g: traffic, fire, electricity) 2. Your first action in such an event is to ensure your own safety – don’t put yourself in danger! 3. to others: don’t allow bystanders to be exposed to danger! 4. to the casualty: remove the danger from the casualty, or the casualty from the danger!

II. check RESPONSE A. Due Is the casualty conscious or unconscious? 1. If the casualty responds, then you will need to speak to the injured person in a loud calm voice, or shake the person gently by the shoulders to see if they respond to these actions. Verbal cues such as: i. “Hello2, Are you ok? ” ii. “can you hear me? ” iii. “open your eyes”, or iv. “What is your name? “. B. Casualty is Unconscious 1. If there is no response, and it is important to get help as quickly as possible. Ask someone nearby to call 999 for an ambulance III. check the Circulation A. A Blood circulation is essential for life.

Blood is pumped around the body by the heart. Many first aiders and medical professionals check if blood is circulating around the body by looking for a pulse.. B. One good place to check for a pulse is at the carotid artery in the neck. C. Check for carotid pulse by feeling for 5 to 10 seconds at side of victim’s neck D. If no pulse is present then there is no circulation. IV. check Airway A. It is important for the casualty’s chance of survival to make sure the airway is clear so that breathing is possible. 1. Firstly, open the mouth and carefully check to see if the airway is clear of any foreign material.

Foreign materials such as food, vomit and any kind things that which prevents the victim from breathing B. If there is foreign material present in the airway, turn the casualty gently into the RECOVERY POSITION and clear the airway with your fingers. With an unconscious casualty, ensuring the airway is clear is a high priority and it’s important to handle the casualty gently with minimum of movement. V. check for BREATHING A. Tilt the head slightly back. Look and feel for chest movement – is the chest rising and falling? B. Can you hear breathing from the mouth and the nose – can you feel breath on your cheek? C.

If the casualty is breathing, place gently into the RECOVERY POSITION and call 999 for an ambulance. Regularly check and monitor signs of life and manage injuries and shock while waiting for the ambulance to arrive. D. If the patient is not breathing, do a CPR until the patient is breathing again. Conclusion: We probably were not born to be a doctor, but at least we know the way how to save someone. Especially the people around us. Seconds of count in an emergency, and knowing what to do can mean the difference between life and emergency. People said life is very important, however, it is very weak to maintain it.

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