Communication occurs when a sender expresses an emotion or a feeling, creates an idea, or senses the need to communicate. Factors that affect the success of oral communication include the environment in which communication is attempted and the characteristics of both the speaker and listener. The willingness of both parties to unite these factors can greatly improve the effectiveness of communication. The importance of listening in communication is enormous. People often focus on their speaking ability believing that good speaking equals good communication but without proper listening, communication does not occur.
Effective listening is active participation in a conversation which helps the speaker becomes understood. Without active participation between the listener and the speaker, the speaker would sometimes get easily misunderstood. People who are successful communicators take responsibility for being certain that you understand what they are saying by speaking in simple, grammatical, and understandable terms. They also give examples, ask for feedback, put what they said previously in different words, and try to make it easy for you to gain the true intent of their communications.
However, the listener must hear and not assume what is said. The listener can easily get distracted by the speaker’s mannerisms, accent, dress or grooming, language style, or delivery of the message if the listener does learn to tune them out. These factors listed above are a major affect of oral communication because the listener attention is focus elsewhere other than the message the speaker trying to make understood. If the listener let these distraction draw them away from the speaker message it would be very hard for them to give any type of feedback because they were not listening.
It is very embarrassing for the listener to be asked to give feedback on the speaker message and they do not respond or comes up with something totally different because he or she wasn’t paying attention. To avoid these types of situations it is very important to improve your listening skills. Ways of doing this is to maintain eye contact with the speaker, concentrate on the speaker’s words, make verbal responses, and summarize parts of what has been said when clarity is needed.
By doing this, it makes the oral speaker communicate with more confidence knowing that he or she has your uninvited attention. Although listening takes work and can be very difficult for some people, there is no getting around that when it comes to improving our communication. The importance of listening in oral communication is something worthwhile to consider. I have founded to believe that good listeners are often some of the best speakers because they have taken time out not only to listen but to find out what people are truly interested in.
If you understand what is important to people than you understand how to reach them. To summarize everything I have said about how listening affect oral communication involving the speaker and the listener and how both can relate to the message that is brought forward in a conversation, listening does affect the way we communicate. So when the speaker agrees that your understanding is indeed accurate, then effective listening and effective communication have taken place. In order for us as people, to become better communicators, the key word is listening.