Illegal Immigration - Part 11 - Immigration Essay Example
Illegal Immigration has been a problem for a very long time now in the United States - Illegal Immigration introduction. It has also been a very controversial subject for as long as I can remember. Illegal immigration goes back hundreds and thousands of years. Living in such an anti-illegal immigration state has been tough, there is always something about illegal immigration laws going on, and politics talking about it and the saddest part families being separated, daily. In 1882 President Chester A. Arthur banned all Chinese immigration to the United States. Shortly after that he banned prostitutes and criminals from coming into the US. He eventually ended up banning mentally ill as well. Although this only banned a small percentage of immigration, it began the distinctions between legal and illegal immigration.
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Shortly, a period of time came when a big wave of illegal immigrants poured into the United States from 1881 to 1920 approximately 24 million illegal immigrants came into the United States from all over the world. During this period a door was opened to illegal Mexicans coming into the US because employers liked their acceptance to low wages for labor. Employers wanted to take advantage of their hard work for such low wages. After California began to realize how out of hand illegal immigration was getting in their state, in February 1929 visas were now required for legal residency. Immigration began to drop during the Great Depression. The US enforced visas during the stock market crash and eventually Mexican immigration slowed down. During this period approximately 500,000 to 1,000,000 illegal immigrants left back to their countries. Many of the disappearance of so many illegal immigrants was because they were being deported and a small percentage was due to such high unemployment rates during the Great Depression times.
During President Herbert Hoover’s time he began to feel that Mexicans and illegal alien groups were taking over the American’s jobs. There he began his process to get rid of unwanted aliens. In 1935 President Roosevelt ordered a large number of deportations to alien criminals but excluded Mexicans and Canadians because they were nervous they would just sneak back in whether they had been deported or not. Today there is still a high level of illegal immigration in the United States. A lot of the illegal immigration today originated in the 1940’s when the federal government arranged a plan to import Mexican workers to work temporarily in agriculture such as farming and cropping. This program was called the Bracero program. The point of this program was to bring in foreign workers for 6 months and eventually once the work they needed had been completed and they’re contract was up. Later during the next two decades about 5 million Mexican workers came to the US and offered their labor for low wages. Although, the Bracero program was applied and Braceros were supposed to be hired, US employers preferred to hire the Mexican workers who were willing to work for even lower wages. The Braceros program ended in 1964 because of all the complaints they received that jobs were being taken away. Many of the former Braceros reentered the United States illegally to work. Most of them to the returned to work at the same employers. Employers were willing to take the risk of hiring illegal immigrants because they did the same work for and even lower wage.
The Bracero Program plays a big role as to why today illegal immigration continues to be a problem. During President Eisenhower’s first term it was estimated that illegal Mexican immigration had increased by 1 million. This is the time when Americans wages began to drop and get lower and lower because so many illegals began to work for very low wages. Many employers jumped on the bandwagon and began to hire the illegals for low wages rather than the Americans. In 1955 “Operation Wetback” was launched. The border acquired 1,075 border patrol agents and were able to catch thousands of illegal immigrants and send them back to their countries. Illegal immigration dropped 95% by the end of the 1950’s. This was not all, after so many illegal immigrants had entered the US and began to live their lives here illegally, they formed families and the children were then known as “anchor babies.” Illegal immigrants knew that the odds were lower that they would be deported because they had children here whom were American Citizens. Whether the “anchor babies” were five years old or only a couple months old illegal immigrants used that against the US to have a lower chance of being deported, in case they were caught.
“Since the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965, Congress has passed seven amnesties: 1. Immigration and Reform Control Act (IRCA), 1986: A blanket amnesty for over 2.7 million illegal aliens. 2. Section 245(i) Amnesty, 1994: A temporary rolling amnesty for 578,000 illegal aliens 3. Section 245(i) Extension Amnesty, 1997: An extension of the rolling amnesty created in 1994 4. Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act (NACARA) Amnesty, 1997: An amnesty for close to one million illegal aliens from Central America 5. Haitian Refugee Immigration Fairness Act Amnesty (HRIFA), 1998: An amnesty for 125,000 illegal aliens from Haiti 6. Late Amnesty, 2000: An amnesty for some illegal aliens who claim they should have been amnestied under the 1986 IRCA amnesty, an estimated 400,000 illegal aliens 7. LIFE Act Amnesty, 2000: A reinstatement of the rolling Section 245(i) amnesty, an estimated 900,000 illegal aliens.”
During Ronald Reagan’s presidency he approved a path to citizenship. Reagan thought that the illegal immigration population was small and he thought he could fix it with this but unfortunately it failed, and only led to so much more illegal aliens entering the United States. Next, President Clinton made an effort to fight illegal immigration. Clinton is still known today for putting the most effort into controlling illegal immigration. But unfortunately it was a lot harder than he had thought and there was not much he could do. By the time he had left office there were at least 7 million illegal immigrants in the United States.
When President George Bush entered office for his eight terms illegal immigration was at one of the highest points in history. Approximately 10 to 20 million illegal immigrants were living in the United States. Bush did a decent job on cracking down on illegal immigrants, whom were working in the United States illegally. Bush enforced employers reporting illegal immigrants working in the United States, illegally. Bush deported and arrested hundreds of illegal immigrants. Even today over 1.5 million illegal immigrants enter the United States illegally per year. The population of illegal immigration only continues to grow as the years go by, and rapidly.
I have followed the immigration subject for many years now. Since Jan Brewer signed the SB 1070 in Arizona to when Barack Obama gave his executive order and ordered a Deferred Action to DREAMers whom are students in the United States that were brought to The United States illegally by their parents when they were children and even babies, DREAMers who went to school here since pre-school, children who have lived here their whole life. The Deferred action granted these students the ability to receive a work permit and the safety of not being deported. In 2007 Bush pushed for an immigration reform but unfortunately it was defeated by the amount of opposition votes. Since 2007, the immigration reform was pretty much off the list to fix the broken immigration system. An Immigration reform would grant a path to citizenship to millions of immigrants who came here illegally but have lived here for many years. Today, as we have come to the year of 2013 an immigration reform is once again on the senate floor. Obama has fought for an immigration reform since he first came into office back in 2008. Today, after about 5 years of his presidency career he is still fighting for the immigration reform. Right now the immigration reform is currently being negotiated in the house and we will soon hear what decision was made by all the democrats and republicans.
Regardless of all the past strategies to control illegal immigration in the United States. I believe that this year is the year that has made the best progress in coming to an agreement to once and for all fix this problem that has been around for decades. “Of course, the immigration package still needs to get through the Senate. But the odds of passing that house of Congress look promising after more Republicans joined the effort this past week.” Said Charles Schumer. One of the legislators that drafted the immigration bill. An Immigration reform could end up benefitting both the United States and the illegal people if they just take the time to propose and set it up to where it benefits everyone. This has been long overdue but maybe after all the wait, this may be the year that will forever mark a historic event. The year that an Immigration Reform was granted. All we can do now is be patient and cross our fingers.
Gheen, William. “History of Illegal Immigration in the US.” N.p., 11 Apr.
2012. Web. 15 June 2013. HESSON, TED. “All Eyes on Boehner as Immigration Reform Gains Momentum.” ABC News. ABC News Network, 23 June 2013. Web. 26 June 2013. “Historical Timeline – Illegal Immigration – ProCon.org.” Historical Timeline – Illegal Immigration – ProCon.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 June 2013. Kenney, Karen Latchana. Illegal Immigration. Edina, MN: ABDO Pub., 2008. Print. “Mexico-US Border: History of Illegal Immigration.” Mexico-US Border: Histor of Illegal Immigration. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 June 2013.