Immigration 1850 to 1930 Essay
Five million German people immigrated to the United States between 1850 and 1930. Between 1881 and 1885 there was a peak of immigrating German people. These immigrants moved to the mid west. For over one hundred years millions immigrated to the United States.
From 1820 to 1930 three and a half million British immigrants, and four and a half million Irish immigrated to the United States. Round 1840 due to The Great Hunger a horrible famine the Catholics showed up by the millions. America was beginning to populate.
The era of 1870 faster steam powered ships, with lower fares were accessible to Europeans who wanted to escape their country for The United States. The base age range was from 15 years old to 30 years old. This time it was a flood of immigrants 25 million European people Italians, Greeks, Hungarians, Polish, and Jewish people. 1893, forty some years after America became the immigration place of the world, the older immigrants formed a Immigration Restriction League. They began to harass Congress for severe limits on people who can immigrate to the United States.
The fear is that the country was being overwhelmed by Catholic immigrants, who were often looked upon as hostile to American values and controlled by the Pope in Rome. Between 1840 and 1930, about 900,000 French Canadians left Quebec to immigrate to the United States. In 1875 The United States Supreme Court ruled to pass their own immigration laws. This was completed in state jurisdiction. After 1890 the immigration issues became a federal government task. The Immigration Act of 1891 established a Commissioner of Immigration in the Treasury Department.
In the early 19th century about 1. 5 million Swedes and Norwegians immigrated to the United States. Settling mainly in the Midwest, especially Minnesota and the Dakotas. From 1880 to 1924, around two million Jews settled into the United States, mostly wanting better opportunities in America and escape the Russian Empire. After 1934 Jews were usually denied access to the United States. Congress passed a literacy requirement in 1917 to stop the invasion of low-skilled immigrants from entering the country.
In 1921 Congress passed the Emergency Quota Act then 3 years later passed the Immigration Act of 1924. These laws restricted southern and eastern European people from getting into the United States. The immigrants who traveled to America came for their own reasons. The immigrants were escaping religious, racial, and political persecution. They were also trying to escape from poor economic opportunity, and famine. Most of the immigrants came to America due to contract labor agreements. There were a range of employment needing employees, and immigrants were hired.
Hungarians, Poles, Slovaks, Bohemians, and Italians assembled to the coal mines or steel mills, Greeks favored the textile mills, Russian and Polish Jews worked the needle trades or pushcart markets of New York. Railroad companies advertised the accessibility for free or cheap farmland overseas in brochures printed in many languages, bringing a small amount of agricultural workers to western farmlands. Unfortunately vast majority of immigrants did not move to farmland, instead the immigrants packed into the growing cities, searching for their chance to make a better life for themselves. http://www. eyewitnesstohistory. com/snpim1. htm