Imperialism Case Study: Nigeria

Berlin Conference
largely European war with some black South Africans
Boer War
new period of… 18th and 19th centuries were different from 15th and 16th centuries
four forms of colonial control
colony, protectorate, sphere of influence, and economic imperialism
Britain, USA, and others prefered this method of day to day management of the colony
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France and most European countries prefered this method of day to day management of the colony
indirect control relied on this. each colony had a legislative council that included colonial officials as well as local merchants and professionals. this happened in the British colonies of Australia and Canada and in the 1890s in the USA controlling the Philippines
existing political rulers
the attitude (of a person or a government) that subordinates should be controlled in a fatherly way for their own good
Europeans brought in their own bureaucrats and did not train local people in European methods of governing because they believed in ________ control
direct control
the process by which the local populations gradually adopted French culture and become like the French. all local schools, courts, and businesses were patterned after French institutions
policy that the French settled for in most places after abandoning assimilation, similar to indirect control
number of ethnic groups in Nigeria
three largest ethnic groups in Nigeria
the Hausa- Fulani in the north, the Yoruba in the southwest, and the Igbo in the southeast
Hausa-Fulani religion and government systems
Muslim, strong central government
Igbo and Yoruba religion and government systems
followed traditional religions and relied on local chiefs for control
number of years Algeria resisted French rule
50 years
leader of West African resistance against the French, fought them off for 16 years
Samori Toure
Maji Maji rebellion
Africans believed that if they sprinkled magic water on them then it would turn the Germans’ bullets into water (unsuccessful resistance) over 20 different ethnic groups fought united
number killed by German machine guns during Maji Maji rebellion
75,000 resisters, twice that number perished in famine that followed
only country that successfully resisted Europeans
emperor of Ethiopia starting in 1889 that lead resistance
Menelik II
country that signed a treaty with Ethiopia
reason Menelik declared war on Italian forces advancing into northern Ethiopia
differences between the wording in the treaty in the Ethiopian and language and in Italian, Menelik thought he was giving up a tiny portion of Ethiopia, Italians claimed all of it
battle in 1896 when Ethiopian forces defeated Italians
Battle of Adowa- 1896
this leader built up a large arsenal of modern weapons purchased from France and Russia
Menelik II
negative effects of European colonial rule on Africans
lost control of their land
many died of new diseases such as smallpox
breakdown of traditional cultures
division of the African continent
positive effects of European colonial rule on Africans
reduced local warfare
improved sanitation and provided hospitals and schools in some places
economic expansion
railroads, dams, telephone and telegraph lines were built
a country or a territory governed internally by a foreign power
a country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power
sphere of influence
an area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges
economic imperialism
an independent but less-developed country controlled by private business interests rather than other governments
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