Samsara is a continued cycle of ongoing rebirths, ones ultimate goal throughout each life is to attain the state of Moksha. Moksha is achieved when one realizes the true nature of surrounding life. Once Moksha is attained the endless cycles of karmic trajectories are finally released along with the eternal cycles of recurring rebirths.
The Maya is described as a covering of ones true Moksha, an ignorance or false views of ones true nature. Without the attainment of knowledge or realization of true nature, than Moksha will never be fulfilled, consequently the infinite cycle of rebirths will remain constant and enlightenment will never be acquired. Ones actions, be it good or bad, will result in the overall outcome of future lives or rebirths, this theory is derived from karmic belief.
Karma is practiced throughout India and is taken severely seriously, therefore many believe that they are trapped due to the inability to fully enlighten and achieve the goal of knowledge. Through disciplined meditation, rituals and excessive reading of the scriptures one is able to correct insight and acquire wisdom and is allowed to engage in ordinary life, and will gain the knowledge to escape Hindu lifestyles and beliefs. I believe these world beliefs are truly pessimistic, due to the lack of knowledge and or common sense. It seems that life has no meaning and equality is nonexistent, but I also feel that it is somewhat impossible to understand fully, due to my lack of knowledge.
The Hindu social structure is characterized by a caste system that’s determined by birth, geography, language and customs. Karma and dharmas concepts justify and perpetuate the regulations of the caste system on account of their similarities. In dharma one must prioritize life, starting with duty of the caste, every action has an effect on the community and/or society. Every being has to maintain good karma in order to preserve a stable society. In karmic ideology every negative action in any of the recurring past lives will degrade an individuals position in the caste system, therefore effecting believer’s actions.
The caste system is outlined as
- Kshatryas (royalty)
- Harijans or outcasts (garbage cleaners, low occupation)
The problem with the social caste system deals mostly with its strict policies, escaping the social system is unusual, and can only be accomplished in two steps. Perform karmic beliefs, essentially fully enlighten one, and practice righteous actions and it will result in an ability to attain a higher level of society in a future life. Second by becoming a Sadbu or Sannyasi and devoting ones life to liberating.
I believe that that the caste system and the practice of “reserved seats” is extremely similar to that of issues of racism. It seems even though there is not an issue of color and or race, India is concentrating more on birth and geography of ones past in order to determine ones rank in life. One can not determine his or her past, everyone is created equal, but it seems due to India’s ignorance ones past can not be The Bhagavad-Gita synthesizes the conflicting goals of Hindu society/religion.
The Bhagavad-Gita has been considered scripture dealing with a compilation of stories with varying motifs. One direly accepted story themes the subject of the importance of duty. Its main character Arjuna is torn between fulfilling his destined duty as a warrior, going into battle opposing a few of his closest friends. Arjuna is undetermined between right and wrong, friendship and his responsibilities as a god-like warrior.
On one hand he is to serve society in order to insure worldly stability and the renunciation of society in order to achieve Moksha, and on the hand no matter whom wins the battle there will be a great loss either way. Krishna explains to Arjuna that he must uphold social order, and as a warrior it’s his responsibility to combat any forces if either painful or not. Krishna expresses a central theme of Hinduism namely, that of every individual has a 2.
To seek individual liberation from karma and samsara Krishna explains to Arjuna that by living one’s life as an offering to God, by making of each action a sacrifice to God, one is able to act selflessly and disentangle one’s soul from the binding effects of actions that are egotistically motivated. I believe that the advice that Krishna gave Arjuna deals similarity with the conflicting goals of Hindu society/religion because of its intense struggle. It seems that throughout Hindu religion and culture there always exists a struggle for enlightenment, a struggle that usually requires a grave sacrifice in order to achieve a goal.