Crime is bad behavior displayed by citizens who reject societal norms and instead chose to commit crime. However, there are many types of theories of why crime occurs the most prevalent cause for crime involves the social environment of the criminal offender. Psychological theories discusses that these interruptions in childhood development is the cause for crime but because the delays developmental is the effect of the criminal’s environment.
The same goes for biological theories that find genetic or biological factors that make a person ore prone to become a criminal but require certain environmental factors for the person in reality to become a criminal.
Crime occurs when society does not provide its members with equal opportunities in society. The individuals are not given equal opportunity in society will not have the same investment in their community as members of society that are afforded job and educational opportunities.
When social functions are not equal the members of society are not recognized by society, he or she will develop their own unique subculture is more accepting of crime (Rock, 2012).
This type of subculture appears in lower income and poverty stricken communities where police are less visible and citizens’ enormous struggles in finding legitimate avenues for success.
In this crime theory, potential psychological causes for crime are accepted, such as mental illness or delays in childhood development as well as potential biological causes, such as genetics, but the heaviest influence involves the many social functions that have failed to ensure that deviant or stopping delinquent behavior. Social control is essential to ensuring that the criminal element does to become a prevalent part of society and includes important social institutions in society taking the necessary steps to ensure crime does not become a problem for that community (Viewfinders, 2006).
This type of social institutions has enormous effect with the type of behavior that observed by the citizens, including the family, law enforcement, legitimacy of government, education, and religion. The social institutions, such as government and law enforcement, ensure that the police respond to the crime properly and by developing the accessory crime policies and procedures to ensure criminal offenders are in prison or rehabilitated. Educational functions ensure members of society have an opportunity to make positive changes in their lives and religion helps to guide the citizen’s moral and ethical decision-making.
If members of a society are not restricted by law and do not receive moral guidance criminal behavior becomes the social norm. When social institutions, such as family break down the result is a higher rate of juvenile delinquency that turns into a higher rate f adult crime. The role of the family is essential to the success of any person but when a child is abused, neglected or not properly supervised he or she do not receive the proper guidance to ensure that he or she will not engage in criminal behaviors.
If the juvenile observes criminal behavior in their family, they will model this criminal behavior themselves. What is normal in the family becomes normal to the youth and causes them to display similar behavior in adulthood. When society fails to place the proper social controls on a society he result is a subculture of crime will merge. In societies where there are strong social controls, it limits the ability of the criminal to engage in criminal behavior.
Without these social controls, the criminal elements will be successful and influence members of the society. Another aspect of the personal crime theory is that people who live in communities that lack the necessary social controls experience strain when they cannot reach the same success as other members of society. The strain that is met by the citizen turns to anger or frustration is alleviated by criminal behavior that gets the person closer to his or her goals.
Crime can have many personal causes different to the individual but the majority of crime occurs in the lower income or poverty stricken areas. The members of society are not given the same type of social controls as other members of society, and lack the same opportunity to succeed. When one group in society is singled out in society or treated differently, one is single out and will think resentment. The members of this group will no longer respond to the authority f social institutions and will be less likely to assist police in identifying criminal suspects.
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