Influenza - viral infection Essay

Identify the transmission and symptoms of the flu, treatments that are currently available, and how your organization can help mitigate the spread of this disease - Influenza - viral infection Essay introduction. Influenza is a viral infection that harbors on the respiratory system. This infectious disease mostly known as the flu is highly contagious and its symptoms can vary from mild to severe. Depending on the immune system of the individual affected and the strength of the symptoms it can at times lead to death. To understand how to treat it is important for individuals to know and recognize the symptoms. Unlike the common cold, the flu comes on suddenly. Many who have the flu experience some or all of the following symptoms: •Fever or feeling feverish/chills

•Cough (persistent or intermittent)
•Sore throat
•Runny or stuffy nose
•Muscle or body aches
•Fatigue
In addition to the above symptoms, young children may also have symptoms of diarrhea and or vomiting. Adults may also have similar symptoms but it is crucial not to confuse it with the stomach virus. Many people who have the flu are generally bet within two weeks or less however in rare instances complications like pneumonia can occur. Though it is rare, serous complication that stem from the flu cause death. It is important to know about how the flu is transmitted from one individual to the next. Experts agree that the flu virus is spread by an affected individual’s droplets from talking coughing or sneezing. These droplets that can extend out to 6 feet in distance can be inhaled or land on people’s mouths or noses. The virus can also be spread by touching an object of an affected individual and then placing their hands on their own nose and mouth. The flu is contagious and affected individuals are able to spread the virus anywhere from one day before symptoms develop to up to seven days after becoming sick. This is crucial because one can spread the virus to others unknowingly before getting sick themselves. Individuals can carry and spread the flu without exhibiting any symptoms personally. An easy and effective way to decrease the spread of the flu and other germs is the exercise good hand washing practices. If soap and water is not available an alcohol- based hand sanitizer is a good alternative. Sheets, dishes, drinking cups and eating utensils should be thoroughly washed prior to others using them. Since each strain of the flu varies from season to season.

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To determine how individuals will be impacted depends on various factors such as the strength of the flu virus, available vaccines, and how many people actually get the vaccine. Once it is determined an individual has the flu, it is important to follow any physician’s recommendation to aid in a speedy recovery. It is not necessary to treat the flu with medication but it is sometimes prescribed to decrease the symptoms (though one will still be considered contagious). Tami Flu a common antiviral prescription drug may be given to patients to help lessen the illness or to prevent any serious complications. Other types of antibiotics may be needed if the flu progresses to a bacterial infection. When attempting to recover from any infectious disease the most important treatment is rest. Because the body is going to be weak while it fights off the infection, rest will help maintain and build needed strength. Drinking plenty of clear fluids, addressing any fever and/or chills will also help. The way that my organization can prevent the spread of this disease ,is each flu season take the approximate steps to take include mandatory flu shot for everyone until the vaccine run out, unless you are allergy to it and if you allergy to the flu shot then we will do the nasal vaccine, practicing good health habits, and taking antiviral drugs if your health provider prescribes them. Have rules in place that; it’s not optional whether you come into contact with anyone but to quarantine yourself if you think you have the flu.

In an influenza pandemic, businesses, schools, daycare and other employees have a key role in protecting employees and children health and safety as well as limiting the negative impact to the economy. Companies, School, Daycare’s that provide critical infrastructure services, such as power and telecommunications, also have a special responsibility to plan for continued operation in a crisis and should plan accordingly.

Develop four(4) questions or concern that you anticipate that leadership in your organization will ask you regard to possible side effects of the treatments. Provide the rationale behind your four (4) questions. Question
1 :Making it mandatory for everyone to take the flu shots; what are the chances of being sued and the side effect of the flu shot? Well this is a free will country and if you make it mandatory for a flu shot regardless of the side effects, my organization stands a chance of being sued. The side effect of the flu shot mild effects: soreness, redness, or swelling where shot was given

hoarseness
fever and aches
some behavioral side effects
Severe side effects:
could be an allergic reaction from vaccines , which rarely happens

2. Do we have enough flu treatment for everyone?
Because we have in past been short on flu vaccination, people tend to get nervous when its time for their shot. Below is an article from the Herald sun in 2011 in reference to flu vaccinations Health officials urge everyone older than 6 months to get the vaccine as soon as possible to be ready for flu season.

There are enough flu shots for everybody.And health agencies hope there is a high demand for the flu vaccines. They are encouraging people to get inoculated as soon as possible so they can be ready for the upcoming flu season.People in Snohomish County can get flu shots at medical clinics, pharmacies and at the Snohomish Health District’s clinics at 3020 Rucker Ave., suite 108*, in Everett, and at its Lynnwood clinic at 6101 200th St SW. People are encouraged to call for an appointment at 425-339-5220 in Everett or 425-775-3522 in Lynnwood. Flu shots cost $30 for adults and $15 for children at the public health agency’s clinic. People can pay a reduced fee if eligible, said Rita Mell, im ization program manager for the district. Medicare and Medicaid patients are accepted.Appointments are encouraged, but walk-ins will be accepted.The flu shot is recommended for everyone older than 6 months. People more at risk for health complications from the flu include children, seniors, pregnant women and people with a chronic disease such as asthma or diabetes. Babies under 6 months of age cannot get the flu shot. So the best way to protect them is for their parents and caretakers to be vaccinated, health officials say. “It’s not just your personal health,” Mell said. “You protect others that get into contact with you.” The flu shot protects against three strains of the virus, including H1N1, the strain health officials targeted last year. People who were vaccinated in 2010 need to have it done again because the vaccination is effective for only one year.People are encouraged to receive the vaccine as soon as possible. It takes about two weeks for the shot to protect against the flu. “There’s more availability than ever before. Nobody should hold back,” said Michele Roberts with the state Department of Health.Potential side effects of the vaccine include soreness and swelling if injected, and a runny nose and fever if given as a nasal spray.If this happens, it’s just the body creating defenses, Roberts said.”There are fewer risks than actually getting the flu,” she said. www.heraldsun.com writer by Alejandro Dominquez

3.What’s the age bracket for the vaccine?
People with infants want their children to be vaccinated too, so they want to make sure the infants are included. if we had a shortage of the vaccine; who would be administer to first? I f that happen , usually our elderly people and children are first. Propose three lessons that have been learned from past flu seasons that will underscore the importance of preparing for the upcoming flu season and why these lessons will be beneficial.

Lesson One : Before the U.S was ready, so now monies are being pour out to enhance and expand US based vaccine production capacity to the point that it can generate enough influenza vaccine for every American within six months of the time that the actual pandemic virus is identified, where it is. Lesson two:In the past the local, state governor, mayor , community leaders, wasn’t ready for the flu epidemic wasn’t ready. Now they mist be educated and prepare for an influenza epidemic. Lesson three: Before the nation was prepared now it requires cooperation among nations cooperation, among different government entities within nations, and cooperation between governments and the private sector. Pandemic preparedness requires that all of these different elements work together. The better they do, the better prepared we will be as a nation. These lesson will mostly be beneficial because everyone from the local to the national will be prepared and on one accord. We will be helping each other.

Propose two recommendations (and your rationale) to leadership on how to cope with the shortage of the flu vaccine. First Recommendation would be to make a recommendation of who receives the vaccine first. Whether it would be the elderly, children and etc.., I would recommend that the people that already have it receive the vaccine first. Second recommendation would be to quarantine the people that already have it to home. Try to keep it from spreading as much as I could.

Compose an infection control policy for the local community.

Control Infection Policy :
Hand Hygiene Basic
Since most of germs are pass on the hands; I would have a hand washing policy and post how to wash your hands correctly. Every person should wash their hands after any activity. The ways to wash your hands to prevent the spreading of germs are as follow: wet hand with water

apply enough soap to cover all hand surface
Rub hand palm to palm
Right palm over left palm(vice verse)
Palm to palm with fingers interlock
Rotational rubbing backward and forward with clasped fingers right hand in left palm(vice verse Hands clean

We as a community need to prevent infections by practicing hand hygiene themselves as well as asking or reminding their healthcare providers and family members

References:
Steven T. Fleming, Managerial Epidemiology, Second edition, 2008 CDC: National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Disease(NCIRD) Flu.gov:
Pandemic Planning update VI by secretary Michael Lenett Healthcare.gov

www.cdc.gov/flu/about/disease symptoms

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