Islam and Ottoman Empire Attack

1. What post-Mongol Muslim empire lasted the longest? P. 485 2. In 1453, what city and empire did the Ottoman Empire attack? P. 486 3. With what Italian city-state did the Ottomans fight a prolonged war? What was the outcome of that war? p. 486 4. What was the court language of the Ottoman Empire called? P. 490 5. What was the askeri and raya? P. 490 6. Describe the “balanced” military of the Ottomans. P. 490 7. What became the primary religion in the Balkans? P. 490 8. What caused inflation in the 16th century? P. 491 9.

Describe the system of “tax farming”. P. 491 10. What two (2) cash crops were grown in the Ottoman Empire? 11. What product became “the rage” in the Ottoman Empire and where did it come from? P. 495 12. How did the decay revealed by the Patrona Halil rebellion spell benefit elsewhere? Explain. P. 495 13. Who inspired the new Sunni movement in central Arabia? P. 495 14. What sets Iran apart from its neighbors? P. 496-5 15. What are “qizilbash” and why are they named thus? P. 496 16. In Iran, what was the second language of Islam? P. 496 7. Ulama are religious Muslim scholars. What happened to the self-image of the ulama in Iranian Shi’ims? P. 497 18.

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How is the martyrdom of Imam Husayn commemorated among the Shi’a? p. 497 19. List 3 things that the cities of Isfahan and Istanbul had in common. P498 20. What gave some women a stake in the economy? P. 498 21. In terms of clothing, what was the norm for both men and women in the Islamic world? P. 499 22. What manufactured good became most closely associated with Iran? Describe their construction and look. P. 499 23. Why ere the Portuguese able to seize the strategic port of Hormuz from Iran? P. 500 24. How did Mughal lands differ from the lands of the Savafid and Ottoman Empires? P. 500 25. Who was the founder of the Mughal Empire and from whom did he descend? P. 500 26. What does “Mughal” mean in Persian? P. 500 27. List 3 things Akbar did in his attempts at Hindu-Muslim reconciliation. P. 502 28. What kind of imagery did Nanak, the first Sikh guru, draw upon? P. 502 29. List the things the “army of the pure” did to signal their faith. 502-3 30.

Why did the Mughal, Safavid, and Ottoman Empires decline simultaneously? P. 503 31. Why did Islam spread extensively into East Africa and Southeast Asia? P. 504 32. What were some valuable East African exports? P. 504-6 33. What European country conquered the East African port cities? P. 506 34. What valuable colony did the Dutch acquire after defeating the Portuguese? P. 507 Free Response Focus Questions: Answer these questions in a 5-7 sentence paragraph. ? In your own words. Do not simply copy from the book and memorize the response. Support your response with plenty of facts. ? Understand where events fall historically (global context, cause/effect, etc) 1. Describe the relationship between the Ottoman Empire and Europe. 2. Explain the economic and military crisis that inspired the decline of the Ottoman Empire. 3. What was the primary feature that distinguished the Mughal Empire from the Ottomans and the Safavids? Explain your answer in detail. Compare and contrast thesis statement: 4. Compare and contrast the political structure and religious beliefs/practices of the Ottoman Empire and the Safavid Empire.

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