Italian Governments Essay
How successfully did Italian governments deal with the problems they faced between 1896-1915 The liberal Italian Government faced many problems in the period between 1896 to 191 5; Italy was in a political, economical and social state and was being held back in many ways because of this - Italian Governments Essay introduction. Glottis brought promising progress to Italy but could not solve all of the problems the government faced by 1915. Perhaps the most apparent and Important problem which faced Italy was that of their economic situation, a lot of this due to the great north south divide.
The north was owning through a great industrial revolution with many new factories and other industries opening up creating many new Jobs allowing the workers to earn enough money to live reasonably comfortably. On the other hand the south was still controlled mainly by wealthy landowners which lead to much poverty which contributed to the poor economic climate In Italy. This problem also meant that many southern Italians emigrated to America, but once they stopped Italians from entering the country, this was no longer an option.
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It is arguable that the government did forever attempt to solve this problem with the invasion of Libya on the 29th September 1911. This was a promising decision made by Glottis because it not only kept the Nationalists happy for a short while but it also meant that people in Italy now had somewhere else that they could emigrate to which meant that more money would be sent back to boost the economy. Also It provided lots of new Italian clansman that could be taxed. Despite these economic benefits the war did cost Italy a vast amount of money and thousands of soldiers were lost.
Another very prevalent robber facing the Italian government was that posed by the Catholic church. Catholicism posed a threat to the government because they had declared hostility against them which meant that Catholics were forbidden to stand or vote in elections. This meant that the government was losing many of Its people to their people, In fact whole towns and villages that were Influences by the catholic church. It was difficult for the liberal government to deal wealthy the problems posed by the Catholic church however Glottis did come up with a clever agreement with the hurry that was in the best interest of both parties concerned.
Glottis knew that the pope was terrified at the thought of the speed of socialism across Italy, because this was nattiest party which meant non-religious. Therefore when Glottis begun to get a hold on the socialist party the pope knew that he had to negotiate to a certain extent with Glottal or lose many followers all across the newly formed state of Italy. Glottis stated that “Two parallel lines should never meet. ” He made an agreement with the Catholic church that they should not have their own political system they would Just deal with religion and equally politics should Just deal with its own affairs and not religion.
This would mean that socialism and Catholicism would ‘co-exist. ‘ This was an effective solution to the problem to a certain extent because it gained the Nationalism or right wing politics and Italics foreign policy was another threat to the government that clearly needed sorting in Italy, they were a more aggressive party that wanted Italy to be a great power once again as it had been many years before En it was part of the great Roman empire. This meant that they wanted to expand the empire which obviously involved invading countries overseas, making the number of Italians greater along with the area they occupy.
Glottis realized that he had to keep the Nationalists happy, he wanted to try and integrate both the socialists and the Nationalists to a certain degree in order to create a majority in the middle. Ere invasion of Libya would’ve appealed to the Nationalists because it was in aid of Nat they wanted, as it was expanding the Italian empire making them stronger, but his would not be enough to make a strong enough appeal, he created reform that Mould appeal to both sides.
Also looking at the invasion of Libya in greater detail reveals that it was not necessarily a success at all because the war (1911-1912) cost great sums of money and of many soldiers’ lives as talked about earlier. Another problem with the invasion of Libya was that it was mainly desert apart from the cities along its coastline. This meant that the land was not particularly useful and there Nerve not very many people living here; especially as the country was formerly part of he disintegrating Turkish empire.
However the government would’ve suppressed these negative issues to the best of their ability and so the public would have only eureka seen the positives which, at least in the short term, would’ve boosted morale and the sense of patriotism within the country. However at least they had a colony in Africa now, it did not compare to the colonies in Africa held by the great powers of retain and France, but nevertheless it was a colony. One way that Glottis appealed to both sides was to increase the number of public works, for example roads, train nines etc, this however did mean an increased amount of taxation.
The number of public works increased 50% between 1900 and 1907 alone, this created Jobs, boosted the overall morale of the Italian people and ultimately boosted the economy to a certain degree. He also encouraged local government in municipal socialism which meant that local government bodies would have control of sewage works, roads, education and so on, subsidized local improvements were offered, of course these Improvements would appeal to almost everyone; however this would not be useful if he local community was dominated by catholic interests therefore it was not totally effective.
Glottis also set up tram systems in cities and public baths in Turin which Mould also appeal to the Nationalists because they were the first public baths in Italy since she was a part of the Roman empire. By appealing to both sides to a certain extent Glottis not only increased his popularity and strength but also helped to sort the threat of Nationalism for the time being as well as making significant improvements to the economic state of Italy.