Gun control generally is considered laws or policies that regulate the manufacture, sale, transfer, possession, modification, and use of firearms. High rates of homicides by way of firearms is the main reason why government officials are pushing for harder gun control measures. When you see news reports of school shootings such as Sandy Hook or Columbine, or the ridiculously number of high homicides by firearms, one can see why Congressional and government leaders are trying enact policies that limit gun control throughout the United States. States have various restrictions on the purchase, remonstration, and possession of specific firearms.
Federal law has made certain types of arms subject to special licenses and others illegal outright. Firearms that are illegal under Federal law cannot be legal under State law. Unfortunately, federal officials can’t come up with any uniform federal laws regarding gun control and therefore it falls on the states. Basically federal officials give an unfunded mandate for states to enact gun control measures. Congressional leaders with this mandate won’t give any money to fund these new measures throughout each state. Gun control policies and measures seem to be vided on the federal level.
Compromised legislation that would have banned semiautomatic weapons and expanded background checks was defeated in the Senate in April 2013 despite having massive public support. The Second Amendment of the U. S. Constitution states: “A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed (“Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence – Gun Law Information Experts,” 2012). ” Supreme Court rulings, citing this amendment, have upheld the right of states to regulate firearms. However, there have been any measures on the state and local level that has taken place.
Many wanted Federal laws that enacted gun control nationwide. That is hard to do because of the Second Amendment. The state live in, actually worked with federal officials in enacting new gun control measures throughout the state. I live in the state of Maryland. Maryland recently has enacted new gun control measures within the last year, which many say make the state one of the strictest in the country when it comes to gun control measures. The state now bans 45 types of assault weapons and gun magazines will be limited to 10 bullets. Individuals must vomit fingerprints to the state police to get a license to carry a handgun (White, 2013).
The states gun laws were challenged in court more than once and lost each time. Maryland became the first state in 20 years to have its state citizens have to submit fingerprints to state police in order to obtain a hand gun license. Also, people who have been involuntary committed to a mental health facility won’t be allowed to have a handgun (White, 2013). All of these new provisions and measures are part of the Maryland Firearm Safety Act signed by Governor Martin O’ Manley (Demarcate, 2014). Proponents of the law including President Obama applauded Maryland for enacting such measures.
Proponents have stated they have seen a 17% drop in gun related deaths from this law already and its working well and saving valuable lives (Demarcate, 2014). Proponents feel that the laws will also allow current gun owners to keep their firearms without any issues. Opponents feel that this goes against the Second Amendment and many opponents also feel this is the first step in what many consider an eventual gun grab by the government. Many conspiracy theorists have floated that idea and it has gained traction. There needs to be some form of gun control assure enacted in this country.
There should not be one citizen who carries a military style type of weapon on the street. Conclusion Gun control is one of the most hotly debated topics between federal and state government officials as well as citizens. The state of Maryland in 2010 had the 17th lowest rate of gun death per capita (“Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence – Gun Law Information Experts,” 2012). To this day in 2014, gun control measures in the state are needed. There are 21 states currently trying to fight Marshland’s gun control measures (“21 states push to overturn Maryland gun law I Maryland Daily Record,” 2014).