Jesus Last Words Essay

Jesus Last Words

Preferred language style: English (U.S.); Jesus Last Words. Regard Box 12.17 in your text (Jesus Last Words). Compare Jesus final words on the cross in the four gospels. How do these different accounts help to represent the author’s individual understandings of Jesus nature and the meaning of his death? Construct a one-two paragraph posting in which you explore the supposition that follows, supporting your answer with references.

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            Various Gospels give various versions of what Jesus said during the dying moments of his life.  These versions are reported in the Gospel of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.  According to the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus said “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” (Matthew 27: 46).  This was similar to the Gospel of Mark in Mark 25: 34 – “My God, my God, for what have you forsaken me?”  (This slight difference may to be due to differences in the dialect utilized – Mark was more informal whereas Matthew was strongly influenced by Hebrew).  According to the Gospel of Luke, Jesus said “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.” (Luke 23: 46).  According to the Gospel of John, Jesus said “It is finished.” (John 19: 30).

            The Gospel of Luke and John do not agree with what Mark and Matthew had said.  Mark was accordingly to experts the oldest version of the Gospel.  He in fact had drawn information an actual source of Jesus’ death namely the “Lost Passion Narrative”.  Mark had a copy of this and utilized it to give a detailed account of the death of Jesus.  Mark utilized Aramaic language, which Jesus actually spoke.  Many scholars feel that his version of Jesus’ last words could be the closest to what actually Jesus said.  Matthew in fact had copied the information present in the Gospel of Mark in his Gospel.  Luke had also utilized the version of Mark, but decided to slightly substitute the last statement of Jesus.  Luke may have not liked Marks’ version that God had deserted Jesus.  For this reason, Luke had made a slight substitution of the last statement of Jesus.  John is known to have utilized another source, namely the accounts from one of the “beloved disciples” of Jesus, who had witnessed several events of Jesus’ life.  The information presented in John’s Gospel seems to be quite different from that of other Gospels.  However, it is important to remember that although John’s version is different, it cannot be contradicted, as different eyewitness of Jesus’ life can give different meanings and understand different thing of what Jesus had said or done.  After the version of Mark of the last words of Jesus, the version of John is considered the next closest as Luke is considered to make major changes.  Another school of though has considered John’s account as the most credible because he has given a lot of precise details in his Gospel.  In Mark, the writer of the Gospel would not have thought that God would abandon him.  These words are more likely to come out from Jesus.  In John, Jesus would have been referring to the crucifixion incident itself rather than the resurrection.


Gospel Mysteries (2008). The Last Words from the Cross, Retrieved on August 24, 2008, from Gospel Mysteries Web site:

The Camel Translations (2005). The last words of Jesus, Retrieved on August 24, 2008, from The Camel Translations Web site:


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