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Kazakhstan Atomic Energy Position Paper

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Delegate: Francisco Carrasco Committee Name: IAEA Topic: Effects on Atomic Radiation Country Name: Kazakhstan Kazakhstan has been part of the United Nations for over 21 years, since Kazakhstan gained its independence from the Soviet Union. Kazakhstan has as a goal to overcome and solve the problem of Atomic Radiation with the help of all the delegates present today. Atomic radiation exists due to the use of atomic and nuclear weaponry and the malfunction or disasters in nuclear plants.

The effects of atomic radiation have become a major global concern.

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One of the most recent disasters due to atomic radiation is the Fukushima Daiichi meltdown. It was the most extensive nuclear disaster since Chernobyl. Radiation release critically contaminated a “dead zone” of several hundred square kilometers around the plant, and low levels of radioactive material were found as far as North America and Europe. But with no doubt, the most astonishing and unfortunate accident, concerning with atomic radiation, is the nuclear reactor in Chernobyl.

The atomic radiation released from Chernobyl affected many of cities and towns full with people in Ukraine but this explosion did not stop at the borders of Ukraine, Belarus, or Russia. Instead, the toxic radiation cloud traveled through winds across the globe to as many as 28 other countries. As a result the United Nations must consider how to solve the problem of Atomic Radiation. That is shy we are gathered here in the United Nations. The situation in Kazakhstan stands that, as Kazakhstan is one of the tops producers of uranium in the world, having 15% of uranium resources and planning on expanding in this market to 2018.

With this said Kazakhstan has come to forge some major strategic links with Russia, Japan and China, as well as talking significant share in the international nuclear company Westinghouse. Now as the problem of atomic radiation in Kazakhstan goes, we have been in the presence of the many effects that atomic radiation has. In 2003, the Soviet Union detonated its first nuclear weapon, nicknamed “First Lightning”, at a test facility on the steppe of northeast Kazakhstan (formerly the Kazakh SSR).

The test site, named the Semipalatinsk Polygon, would go on to host 456 atomic explosions over its 40-year existence. Residents in the surrounding area became unwitting guinea pigs, exposed to the aftereffects of the bombs both intentionally and unintentionally. The radiation has silently devastated three generations of people in Kazakhstan – the total number affected is thought to be more than one million – creating health problems ranging from thyroid diseases, cancer, birth defects, deformities, premature aging, and cardiovascular diseases.

Life expectancy in the area is seven years less than the national average of Kazakhstan. Due to this an anti-nuclear movement was formed in Kazakhstan. The “Nevada Semipalatinsk” movement was formed in 1989 and was one of the first major anti-nuclear movements in the former Soviet Union. It was led by author Olzhas Suleimenov and it played a positive role in promoting public understanding of “the necessity to fight against nuclear threats”. The government of Kazakhstan proposes the following solutions to the problem of atomic radiation.

Kazakhstan proposes that the United Nations as well as the IAEA join to put together a team of experts to work on a worldwide safety procedure if an atomic, with the main concern and focus on nuclear plants, accident is to come in the future. Kazakhstan would also like to support the IAEA for all the treaties and conventions the IAEA has created for the safety in this problem; like “The convention on nuclear safety” and “the convention on physical protection on nuclear material” Finally, and most importantly, Kazakhstan proposes that the United Nations give attention to all those families that have suffered the effects of atomic radiation.

Kazakhstan is aware that the UNICEF is urging the governments of countries still affected by fallout from the radioactive blast to take a simple yet effective step to save and improve lives. In which children are the ones that are specifically vulnerable and therefore Kazakhstan supports UNICEF opinion and is all forth with this “steps”. Kazakhstan hopes that all the governments take these steps that the UNICEF is taking for the better of the world.

Cite this Kazakhstan Atomic Energy Position Paper

Kazakhstan Atomic Energy Position Paper. (2016, Nov 20). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/kazakhstan-atomic-energy-position-paper/

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