Reflect on the results on this personality assessment? Do you believe it fits with what you know about yourself? Why or why not?
I was given Idealist Champion. I believe it does reflect me, but only to an extent. Champions have a wide range and variety of emotions, and a great passion for novelty. I believe that to be true, but not 100% of the time. I tend to have trouble dealing with my emotions and that makes it hard to deal with all the stress that goes with that.
Is this a projective measure of personality or a self-report inventory? What are the advantages and disadvantages of both types of assessment? Why might someone get a false picture of their personality using the Keirsey?
This test was a self-report inventory. According to the theory behind these tests, defined questions result in answers that are carefully crafted by the conscious mind. By providing the partaker with a question or stimulus that is not clear, the core and unconscious motivations or attitudes are exposed. Self-report inventories are often a good solution when researchers need to administer a large number of tests in relatively short space of time.
Many self-report inventories can be completed very quickly, often in as little as 15 minutes. Another strength is that the results of self-report inventories are generally much more reliable and valid than projective tests. While projective tests have some benefits, they also have a number of weaknesses and limits. For example, the respondent’s answers can be heavily influenced by the examiner’s attitudes or the test setting. Scoring projective tests is also highly personal, so interpretations of answers can vary dramatically from one examiner to the next.
Additionally, projective tests that do not have standard grading scales tend to lack both validity and reliability. Self-report inventories do have their weaknesses, too. For example, while many tests implement strategies to avoid “faking good” or “faking bad,” research has shown that people are able to exercise deception while taking self-report tests. Another weakness is that some tests are very long and dull. For example, the MMPI takes approximately 3 hours to complete. In some cases, test respondents may simply lose interest and not answer questions accurately. Additionally, people are sometimes not the best judges of their own behavior. Some individuals may try to hide their own feelings, thoughts and attitudes.
The Keirsey Temperament Sorter is an example of a measure assessing personality traits. What is “trait theory” with regard to personality? What are the advantages and disadvantages of using the trait theory approach to personality?
The combination and interaction of various traits forms a personality that is unique to each individual. Trait theory is focused on identifying and measuring these individual personality characteristics. While most agree that people can be described based upon their personality traits, theorists continue to debate the number of basic traits that make up human personality. While trait theory has objectivity that some personality theories lack it also has weaknesses. Some of the most common criticisms of trait theory center on the fact that traits are often poor predictors of behavior. While an individual may score high on assessments of a specific trait, he or she may not always behave that way in every situation. Another problem is that trait theories do not address how or why individual differences in personality develop or emerge.