According to the definitions of stress, identify the components of which stress is comprised. o 1. A stressor or some sort of demand, pressure, situation, or event 2. our perception of that stressor 3. an emotional reactions 4. a psychiological reaction • Describe the two types of stress and the two types of distress. o public speaking, abusive relationship • Describe the Yerkes-Dodson Principle. o Too little stress, as well as too much stress, is unhealthy • Describe the types of stressors. Physiological stressor: illness, injury, etc Sociological stressor: relationships with others psychological stressor: subconscious perception of yourself philosophical stressor: stems from not living with your values/beliefs • Define each of the dimensions of health. o Physical health social health emotional health intellectual health spiritual health environmental health occupational health holistic health: comprehensive and includes more than physical health • Describe how stress and health are related. quality of each dimension of health may perpetuate and exacerbate a stressful life or contribute to peaceful life • Briefly identify results from NCHA regarding stress as it’s related to health, obesity, and smoking. o obese people (high BMI) were most stressed under them, underweight students • Identify the pioneers of stress and with what they are credited. o Walter Cannon o Edmund Jacobson o Hans Selye o Thomas Holmes o Richard Lazarus o Anita Delongis o Richard Rahe • Describe the Social Readjustment Rating Scale. Life changes scale” Predict relative chances of getting sick from stressors o Life Change Unit(LCU), The higher the score the more likely a health problem will occur. • Describe Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and how his theory relates to stress. o Phenomenon that humans have certain needs o Top to bottom: Self Realization, Self Esteem, Social Desire, Safety and Stability, Physiological Desire.
• Identify the components of the ABCs of Human Needs. o Accomplishment o Belonging o Comfort o Dependability o Esteem o Finances Identify the prevalence of stress among Americans. o • Briefly describe results from NCHA regarding stress and ethnicity among college students. • Briefly describe results from NCHA regarding differences among male and female college students. • Briefly describe differences in the way males and females handle stress. • Identify the number of workers who experience high levels of stress. o 9 of out 10 1- 2 times a week, 1 and 4 experience it everyday • Identify the number of workers who said job stress lowered their productivity and caused frequent ailments. o 7 out of 10 Identify how many workers have taken a mental health day off of work due to stress. o 1 out of 4 • Identify differences in health care costs associated with workers who report that they are stressed compared to those that aren’t stressed. o 46% higher or 600 more per person than other emplyees • Describe the Model of Stress. o Stressor, Thoughts/Perceptions, Feelings/Emotions, Physiological Reactions, Health Consequences. • Describe psychophysiology and psychoneuroimmunology. • Describe the three stages of GAS. • Describe what happens during the fight-or-flight response (or stress response). Describe what happens to each physiological system during the stress response. • Describe what happens to specific organs during the stress response. • Identify the three glands that are most closely associated with the stress response. • Identify the hormone(s) that are associated with being in a stressed state and a relaxed state. • Describe differences between sympathetic and parasympathetic responses. • Identify the percentage of disease and illness that is thought to be related to stress.
• Describe how stress is associated with heart disease. Briefly describe results of studies pertaining to heart disease and stress. • Identify the findings of the two articles pertaining to weight gain and stress. • Briefly describe findings of the study done at the University of Minnesota pertaining to academic performance and stress. • Summarize findings of stress and road rage. • Identify the stats pertaining to suicide. • Identify components of personality. o Habits, Attitudes, Interests, Values, Principle and mental capacity or intelligence. • Identify influencing factors associated with personality development. Heredity, Biological Factors, Intelligence, Sex Difference, Nervous system, Environment, Physical Environment, Social Environment, Cultural, School, Language, Social Role, Self Concept, Inter- personal Relations, Identification, Psychological Factors o a good health self control positive thinking determination will power helping nature communication skills • Identify characteristics associated with those who handle stress effectively. • Identify personality characteristics of stress-prone and stress-resistant personalities. Type A, Codependent Personality, Helpless- Hopeless Personality, Hardy, Type R • Identify the 3 Cs of a hardy personality. o The three C's are: Challenge, Control and Commitment • Describe resilience and the traits associated with it. o Resilience helps us adapt to stressors. Traits: Decisiveness, Sense of Purpose, Vales, Flexibility, Self-Care, Humor, Responsibility, Support, Optimism Videos • Go to http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=-jakxqKEJnM and watch. Describe the findings of the study at Ohio State University. • Go to http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=SsuHavd37gA and watch.
Describe what cortisol does. • Go to http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=bCtLTVFlhz4&feature=related and watch. Describe the two forms of stress. • Go to http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=9MSK9ndey3Y and watch. What are some suggestions that the two doctors recommend that we can do to better manage stress? • Go to http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=WjqCojle9Bk and watch. Summarize the message in this video. • Go to http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=4g25d7_Afmc&feature=related. Summarize the info in this video. • Go to http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=prG3NI__Bf4&feature=related.
With what chemicals does your blood fill in order to provide increased energy? • Go to http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=RyP8L3qTW9Q&feature=related. Identify the steps of the fight-or-flight response. Exam #2 (Chapters 11-25) • Identify general recommendations or requirements for managing stress. • Identify steps to creative problem solving. a. ID Stressor b. What am I willing to do about it? c. How am I handling it now? d. What am I going to do about it? e. How have I put my plan into actions? f. What results can I see? • Describe each of the cognitive restructuring techniques. Identify findings of psychosomatic disease experts. • Describe the benefits of laughter. • Identify the two emotions that are especially associated with the stress response. • Describe anger mismanagement styles. • Describe the defense mechanisms. • Identify recommendations for managing anger. • Identify the stages of grieving • Describe the types of nonverbal communication. • Identify differences between communication patterns among males and females. • Describe recommendations for communicating during conflict. • Identify conflict resolution styles. Describe the difference between the clock and the compass. • Describe prioritization techniques.
• Describe scheduling techniques. • Describe the reverse calendar technique. • Identify physiological, psychological, and behavioral benefits of exercise. • Describe why exercise is helpful in managing stress. • Briefly describe results associated with NCHA and exercise. • Identify the recommendations for eliciting a meditative response when running. • Identify vitamins that are known to be greatly affected by stress. • Describe how stress is associated with cravings for sweets. Identify the primary purpose of relaxation techniques. • Identify general recommendations for doing relaxation techniques. • Identify the visible and non-visible signs of being relaxed. • Identify physiological parameters measured with the use of biofeedback. • Identify the premises upon which biofeedback is based. • Identify the number of breaths per minute during normal, exercise, and relaxed states. • Describe the types of breathing. • Identify psychological and physiological benefits of meditation. • Identify recommendations for doing meditation. • Describe the meditation continuum. Describe the differences between mental imagery, guided mental imagery, and visualization. • Identify the benefits of mental imagery. • Identify the color and image that is thought to be the most relaxing. • Identify the benefits of music therapy. • Identify possible benefits of aromatherapy. • Describe indicators of the importance of touch. • Describe benefits of massage therapy. • Identify benefits of autogenic training. • Define bracing. • Identify recommendations for progressive relaxation. • Identify benefits of pet therapy • Briefly describe all relaxation techniques that were discussed in the lectures. 9/19/11