Francis Bacon once said: “Knowledge itself is power”. In fact, knowledge is a rich and a unique possession that cannot be stolen or plundered. It’s impossible to deny that those who have wide-range of knowledge and experience can capture power and influence, as long as the possession of knowledge gives them a distinct advantage over the semi educated people. Half knowledge is regarded as 'the curse of god' and is worse than complete ignorance. However, why is knowledge considered to be such precious a tool and weapon? To begin with, the growth and the survival of the mankind depends upon knowledge.
From the Stone Age till today man has struggled to cognize the unknown. He explored land, water and space by virtue of his knowledge. Man has made progress in all fields starting from science, technology to arts etc. Still, at the dawn of the civilization man was at the mercy of nature. He lived the life of a nomad, inventing tools and weapons for hunting. Then he discovered fire and the wheel, and these were the initial steps taken by man by utilizing his brain. What happened next, man started living in communities. He settled near rivers and took up agriculture. The settlements soon transformed into villages.
Waterways and canals were constructed for irrigation purposes. Surplus grains were stored in granaries to be used later. Soon villages transformed into towns, then provinces and later cities and counties. He discovered new places and things and invented things for his own benefit. The gradual change and development from the Stone Age to the Present Age has been made possible by knowledge. Knowledge gave him the power, confidence and courage to make life worthy of living. He began to use the forces of nature for his own benefits. Thus, life became comfortable since the man utilized his knowledge in order to improve his own life.
What’s more, man has been and is able to eradicate a great number of diseases like polio, pox, plague etc, from the face of the earth. The human body can be operated upon for removal of cancer or for an open heart surgery. The discovery of a number of antibiotics and drugs have reduced the sufferings of mankind. The invention of the devices of communication has transformed the world into a global village. Computer has changed human life altogether. No doubt that all these have been the fruit of man's quest for knowledge. Knowledge gives us the feeling of strength and power. He who possesses the information possesses the whole world.
It leads to the excellence of the mind and enables one to give sound judgment. Lack of knowledge leads to poverty and absence of methods of productivity and economic prosperity, as it is in 3d world countries like India. Nevertheless, restraint, tolerance, understanding and capacity to manage affairs come with knowledge. If knowledge is imparted to children, the next generation will emerge as the major social power. There is no end to the gaining of knowledge, It is only the foolish man who thinks he knows everything. However, the immense increase in knowledge of the world sometimes doesn't make us better human beings.
Sadly, with the passage of time, man started misusing knowledge. He started using knowledge to destroy the very forces that provided him sustenance. He interfered with nature and disturbed the ecological balance. He has polluted air, land and water thus having created unfavorable conditions for himself and others. Man has developed destructive weapons that can destroy completely the whole of mankind, and the bombing of Nagasaki and Hiroshima is probably the best example to prove this. Thus, ,an is posing a threat to the existence of flora and fauna – due to the knowledge he possesses, as well.
To conclude, it’s important to state that knowledge being the most precious thing one can possess in the turbulent world of today, shouldn't be misused. Nuclear power must be used for useful purpose. Man should find solutions to control and check pollution. The conventional sources of energy are depleting at a fast rate, and we should try to find out sources of economical power generation. Knowledge must be acquired and shared as a collective effort. Lack of knowledge leads to poverty and absence of economic prosperity. Knowledge should be utilized for the upliftment of the poor masses and used for peace, prosperity and growth.