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Learning Disability Chart

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    Learning Disabilities are defined as a neurologic condition that creates difficulties in acquiring knowledge in a level of skill of someone of the same age is expected to gain (The free dictionary online 2013) Types

    Teaching Strategies
    Dyslexia is based on the language aspect of learning. A person that has this will have trouble with reading in most cases. A person uses their right hemisphere instead of the left hemisphere to read and spell. This can be caused due to a trauma to the brain, a development of a hormone, or the gene number 6 chromosome, Reading words wrong, skipping small words, deleting letters in words, poor reading comprehension, gets fatigued after reading for a short amount of time. When teaching a student with Dyslexia the best strategies is the help of multi- sensory to help the student build their comprehension of reading with the sense of sight and hearing The student should be placed in a reading group with a teacher that has specialized in Dyslexia. The child should be tested and reevaluated at his or her age standards for the state. Dyscalculia is based on a mathematical disability. A person will have trouble solving mathematical problems, and gasping the concepts of math. This disorder is caused by the difference in brain function or structure where mathematic is involved. Its associated with Foetal Alcohol Syndrome, Tuner’s syndrome, or low birth weight. Little number sense, trouble counting or remembering mathematical facts, or show anxiety toward math. The best teaching strategy is to have one on one teaching time with the student in an environment that has the least restriction inspire the pupil to accelerate in math. Placement for a student with this disorder would be a special math class with a teacher that was excellent in math to teach the children, or have a tutor. Dysgraphia is based upon the writing skill.

    A person will find it hard to form letters, and express their ideas on paper, and to write in a given space. There are several causes to Dysgraphia there is brain damage, a physical ailment or a deformity, inadequate directions, several mental images, poor penmanship, and disorientation. Holding the pencil in an unusual grip, slow at copying notes even when the penmanship is legible, unfinished words, or talking to self when writing A teaching strategy that would work best for a person with this disorder would be using range of motion with the hands, using a visual aide, and practicing the proper way to grip the writing utensils. A good placement option for a student with this disorder would benefit with Occupational Therapy, and be given more time for note copying, sentence starters and a copy of the written notes to practice writing skills, Dyspraxia is based on the motor skills. A person that has this disorder has trouble completing or planning a task. For example: brushing their hair can be a complex task. Dyspraxia is caused by the motor neurons that the brain is not developing correctly. Premature babies often have this disorder, because the brain is not fully developed at birth. Clumsiness, sense of direction,, understanding of left and right, riding a bike, driving, being understood or pronouncing words, movement of eye instead of movement of whole head. The best teaching strategy that can be used for a classroom that has children with this disorder in is to have the classroom well organized and teach subjects in order each day. Use a daily schedule that each student can see in the front of the room. The best placement option for this disorder is place the child in Physical, Occupation, and Speech Therapy. These patients need to start slow in physical activities and have step by step practice with simple task used every day.

    Communication disorder is defined as a disorder that affects speech, language, and the auditory processing (the free dictionary online 2013). Types
    Teaching Strategies

    Dysarthria is an ailment in which a person has difficulty controlling the muscles they use to speak (The free dictionary online 2013). Dysarthria is cause a facial paralysis, or a weakness in the muscle of the tongue or throat. Brian tumors, Cerebral Palsy, Lyme Disease, Muscular Dystrophy, and Stroke are all causes of this disorder. Limited tongue, lip, and jaw movement, Hoarseness, poor control of saliva, and find chewing and swallowing difficult. The best teaching strategies is to use single words, or short phrase before introducing the topic in a complete Sentence, a teacher may need to speak slower and louder than normal and have a lot of pause in between words and sentences. The best placement option for a person with this disorder would be a Special Education classroom, Speech Therapy, and in a severe case of Dysarthria a student may need an assistive technology device to help them speak. Apraxia is an oral motor speech disorder that affects the ability for a person to translate a speech plan in a motor plan, that will result in limited and difficult speaking ability (The free dictionary online 2013) This disorder is caused by a stroke, head injuries, poor brain signaling to the side of the brain that is used for speech. It is also cause by brain lesions or structure of a child’s brain. Muscle weakness, language comprehension, repeating words several times, non-speech movements.

    The best teaching strategy for a student with this disorder is to urge the child to speak slower when they are trying to get words out, giving them more time to complete an oral task. The best placement option for this disorder for a child would be placing the child into Speech Therapy, Special Education classroom, with sign language implied or assistive technology to help them speak. Aphasia/ Dysphasia is a disorder that a person has partial or total loss of the ability to articulate comprehension or ideas that are spoken or written (The free Dictionary online 2013). A person with this disorder will have a problem finding the right word to complete an oral expression, problem understanding a conversation, reading comprehension. This is caused by a stroke or brain damage of one or more parts of the brain that using language. A person with this disorder may have trouble with spoken language comprehension, and reading skills. The best teaching strategies for a child with this disorder is have a relaxing atmosphere for learning and give extra time to repeat words when teaching the meaning of the words that are being taught. The best placement option for this disorder is Speech Therapy and a lower reading class with an excellent reading teacher that has a background in this disorder. It may come down to Special Education placement. Language Disorder is a disorder that is an impairment that involves the processing information. This disorder is linked to a gene 7 chromosome.

    Pronouncing words, sharing thoughts, and organizing thoughts. The best way to teach a child with this disorder is to urge the child to participate all through class, give directions in small pieces. The best placement option for a child with this disorder is a small group setting and Speech Therapy. Learning Disability Essay

    Children that have a communication disorders or learning disabilities face a lot of different challenges inside the classroom and outside of the classroom setting. Many of these children spend most of the day in a Special Education classroom with one on one attention, along with a Speech Therapist. In this environment The students will learn better ways to process information that being presented in the classroom. These therapists work extremely close with these children that have various levels of the disorders of communication and learning disabilities. The Speech Therapist will run several assessments to create a treatment plan that is based on each child’s needs to improve their speech and language (Gregory, AGCAS 2010). Not only does the Speech Therapist work closely with the child’s educator and parents, but also works closely with the doctor of the child, and the school nurse, the school psychologist if one is available through the school, if not they will work with a psychologist in the community that see the child. In some cases it is necessary to get the Occupation Therapist involve with the treatment plan.

    A good educator will try to work as hard as they can to provide every student with an education they deserve. Teachers face challenges as they teach in a class, there are all types of learners, so the teacher must combine teaching styles to coincide with each student. In many cases teachers find they have children with learning disabilities and communication disorders in their room. These students require more one on one time with the teacher, so the educator must be prepared with knowledge and teaching strategies for the students with either type of disability. Ways that a teacher can make sure he or she is educating the student correctly is work very close with the Speech Therapist and refer to the treatment plan that is in the Individual Education program for the child. It is important for teachers whether they have taught for thrity years or its their first teaching job is to remember that every child has their own strengths and weaknesses, but they can learn if a teacher is well educated before entering the classroom. The best way to teach students with a language barrier we as teacher must find the common problem and find the learning style that best fits the child. Most effective problem solving technique is have an environment in which is less restrictive for the child to be calm and learn at his or her own peace. During an interview with our Speech Therapist at The Franklin Learning Center, this is part of the Chambersburg Area School District. She gave good advice on teaching our students with different types of communication disorders.

    She introduced each of us to the teacher that has several children in his room with Dyslexia; because that is the area of expertise she works with. The teacher explained how he gives directions to his students based on the treatment plan that the Speech Therapist has prepared for him that combines each child’s learning style so he can better sever all his children in room. When he gives directions he gives them in clear short phrases and has a table in the shape of a U that each child sits around as he is giving directions. This table is set in the middle of the room and the teacher stand right in the center of the table and gives the directions in small parts. The teacher and the therapist both said that if the students feel stressed that is when the disorder creates the problem for the child. The Speech Therapist informed us urging the child to particate throughout the class will help the child practice his or her skills that needs improvement. None of the students are put on the spot when in the classroom. Each student is treated the same and is made comfortable in the classroom setting. At the Franklin Learning center, they have mentors whom are students come in to the school throughout different school from the district. Each student is paired with a child from the Dyslexia room and their mentor is to read aloud to the student from the Leaning Center, and then is to encourage the student for the center to read aloud the same story, or a different story.

    The stories are chosen by the teacher and the Speech Therapist. These mentors are chosen randomly by schools and achievement levels, by the Principal and Special education office at the learning center, then the list is passed to the Speech Therapist and she give the list to the teacher to pair the students with the mentors chosen to work with his children. As an observer asking all kinds of question to the Speech Therapist she encourage each of us to get involved in the classroom. We each had a chance to practice different techniques that were in the individual treatment plans. Students had a chance to work one on one with one of us and we practice Verbal Behavior, Verbal re-enforcers and re-enforcement activities they worked for. We learned when it is proper timing for each type re-enforcement to be given and when to use the Verbal Behavior technique for our targeted student. At the end of the day we each got a time to sit down with our targeted student’s parents for this particular assignment interview and gather information from the child’s parents on how they felt about their child’s education at this school. These particular parents felt their child was very lucky to be able to have the accommodations to this school. The parent stated that this school is very difficult to get a child like their son in this school, because the students must take an assessment test through the district to be considered for this educational institution. Their son has Learning disability along with a Communication disorder.

    The parents were excited to see how Mr. Ginter had setup his classroom to accommodate their son along with his peers. The parents shared some concern with Speech Therapy with the amount of hours the therapist was working with their son. Mrs. Medina the Speech Therapist sat down with us and explained that their child was improving very well, and did not need as must therapy as he did when he first started a year ago with Mr. Ginter. When asked if they felt the school treated their son with dignity and respect the parents replied yes. They responded by stating that Mrs. Kindleheart the Principal did an excellent job not only creating a safe haven for each of the children that attended, but set excellent standards that each child is treat as if they were the faculties’ own children, and the parents were treated like family as well. Mr. Ginter makes a point each day to write in a communication book that is toted home each day for parents to read his feedback, and encourages the parents to reply with feedback for him to work on with his teaching along with problems at home he may be able to address with Mrs. Medina or Mrs. Kindleheart to direct the behavior or concern the parents may have. At the Franklin Learning Center it is believed that each student should receive the best education even though there are many challenges to struggle with. Our teachers are to dedicate their time to make each challenge less every day. Teachers and parents have the responsibility to help their children reach goals throughout the academic years, so they can be successful in adulthood.

    Reference Page
    Free dictionary online (2013) (n.d.) Retrieved October 24, 2013 from
    Gregory, AGCAS (2010). Speech and language therapist. (n.d.) Retrieved October 27, 2013, from Orfano, F. (2011). Guide to Identifying Dyscalculia. Bright Hub Education. (n.d) Retrieved October 25,2013 from

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