Lima and Berlin: Different Cities, Distinct Characteristics - Europe Essay Example

Lima and Berlin: Different Cities, Distinct Characteristics

Lima, the capital and the largest city in Peru, sat majestically on the valleys of Chillon, Rimac and Lurin rivers - Lima and Berlin: Different Cities, Distinct Characteristics introduction. Graphically, it is located 12o2’36” South, 77o1’42” West. The city covered an area of 804.3 sq. km from the shores of Pacific Ocean to the flat terrains of Peruvial Coastal Plain and extending to valleys and slopes of nearby mountain chains at an elevation of 1,548 m (Wikipedia, 2007).


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The history of Lima started on January 18, 1535 when the Spanish Conquistador Francisco Pizarro founded it as the City of the Kings which was “to become the capital of the Spanish Empire’s most extensive Viceroyalty” (Yahoo! Travel, 2007). Creoles, Native and Afro Americans inhabited the city in 1824 when Peru gained its independence from the Spaniards. It was on the golden age of Guano that the city started improving. But it was only after the war with Chile in 1879 that the improvement and its modernization were evident. It was also at this time that the city experienced “demographic explosion and migration from the country to the city” (Yahoo! Travel, 2007). The demographic explosion and migration to the city since 1879 made Lima a city of “rich mixture of races and culture” (Yahoo! Travel, 2007). Today the city’s population was more or less 4,097,340 with which 50% are Mestizos (mixed European and Ameridian ancestry), 26% are Whites (60% Spanish and 40% Italian, German and other European ancestry), 10% are Ameridians (55% Quechua and 15% Aymara), 2% are Blacks and another 2% are Asians (Chinese, Japanese and other Asian ancestry). The city also inhibits a unique array of culture and arts. As “cultural and economic hub”, it influenced the neighboring cities and other countries with its music, literature, sports and politics (Wikipedia, 2007).

The city contributed more than 60% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) that was mainly from textile, paper, paint, and food products industries (Gutierrez, 2007).

The history of Berlin in a short context as written in Wikipedia: “First documented in the 13th century, Berlin became successively the capital of the Kingdom of Prussia (from 1701), the German Empire (1871-1918), the Weimar Republic (1919-1932) and the Third Reich (1933-1945). After World War II, the city was divided. East Berlin became the capital of the GDR (East Germany), while West Berlin remained a West German enclave surrounded by the Berlin Wall from 1961-1989. Following the reunification in 1990, the city regained its status as the capital of all Germany” (2007).

Berlin is not only the capital and the largest city; it is at the same time one of the states of the Federal Republic of Germany. It is graphically situated 52o31’07” North, 13o24’30” East. It is bigger than Lima by 87.52 sq. km. Berlin is found inland of Germany at the heart of Berlin-Bradenburg. The contrary of both cities is not only in geography but as well in its governance as seen in their infrastructures and public utilities (Wikipedia, 2007). Unlike Lima, Berlin has developed an orderly process of transporting public within and outside the city. Making it an “important hub for continental transportation” (Wikipedia, 2007). “Berlin has six central train stations, all of which are well connected to the city’s extensively developed public transport system, including the SBahn and UBahn and buses transporting passengers to towns outside of the city” (World Cities Alliance, 2004).

The city also displays mixture of culture and races. 13.9% of its population was found to be of foreign nationality from Turkey, Poland, Serbia and Montenegro, Russia, Italy, United States, France, Croatia, Vietnam, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, and UK (Wikipedia, 2007).

“Its economy is based on the service sector, encompassing a diverse range of media and life science corporations, convention venues, research institutes, and creative industries” (Wikipedia, 2007).

Works Cited

Berlin. Wikipedia. The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 10, 2007, from


Germany – berlin. World Cities Alliance. Retrieved February 10, 2007, from


Gutierrez, V. (2007, February 12). U.S.-peru trade promotion agreement promises increased

access for u.s. products. FAS Worldwide. Retrieved February 12, 2007, from


Lima. Wikipedia. The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 10, 2007, from


Lima. Yahoo! Travel. Retrieved February 10, 2007, from <



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