Lord of the Flies- Evil - Human Essay Example
Every human being is savage at heart, no matter how hard they try to oppress it - Lord of the Flies- Evil introduction. Evil is an instinct, a part of human kind, but what exactly is evil and what defines it? Mr. Golding believes that evil is intrinsic to human beings; he shows some examples of evil in the Lord of the Flies, in a form called bullying. Bullying increases the bully’s self-confidence, while it lowers the victim’s, in this case Jack harass Piggy to increase his self-assurance. Humans have two desires that conflict with each other: to live by civilization and to live by savagery.
The civilized impulse we have is to live peacefully, morally, and by rules and laws. The savage characteristic we have is to act violently, using force to gain authority and power over others. Throughout Lord of the Flies, Mr. Golding links the idea of civilization with good, and savagery with evil. How do civilization and savagery compare and contrast? Mr. Golding implies that civilization and savagery are opposite forms of basic government structure. There is no concept of good or evil in nature.
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It only exists in the minds of humanity. Are hot and cold separates? No, they are differences in temperature; it is not possible to know hot unless we have cold to compare it with. The only difference is that they are at different ends of the scale. Even then, hot and cold vary on perception, what a child may find hot, could be warm or cold to an adult. In general, most people believe that helping others is good, whilst harming others is evil. However, everyone has a different definition of what is harmful and helpful.
While some things are considered evil by nearly everyone, such as dishonesty, lying, murder, etc. , there are a lot of actions that can be considered good by some and evil by others. In previous societies, where people mostly agreed on what was good and what was evil, the concept of evil served the function of letting people know what was socially acceptable and what was not. In the human mind, we all feel self-conscious about many things, and by placing other people below us, increases our self-confidence, so that we would feel better about ourselves.
In Lord of the Flies, all the boys are in the same situation, but they all, even Ralph, satirize Piggy, the most disadvantaged boy on the island, because he is physically inferior compared to the others. Some examples of this are, “’You’re talking too much,’ said Jack Merridew. ‘Shut up, Fatty. ’ Laughter arose. He’s not Fatty,’ cried Ralph, ‘his real name’s Piggy! ’…A storm of laughter arouse…” Due to Piggy’s lack of social skills, his asthma and heavyset body image, he is bullied quiet a lot. Piggy isn’t the only one bullied.
Roger tramples through the littluns’ sandcastles quite deliberately, as he enjoys causing pain and suffering to other boys. Maurice follows him because he is also a bully, but unlike Roger he is also a coward. He is happy to follow Roger’s lead but lacks the nerve to do things by himself. Even while kicking down the sandcastles Maurice is mentally preparing an excuse in his mind. Teasing and bullying are a part of everyone’s lives at some point or another and they change people, especially children or adolescents.
Bullying has an effect on everyone and it changes the way they act and perceive the world. The principal concern in Lord of the Flies is the battle between civilization, the instinct to live by the rules, peacefully, and savagery, to act violently. At the basis of the book that boys start off heartily, with intentions of abiding with law and order. As you venture deeper into the book, you start to realize that the rules are bending to form a new, more barbaric kind of civilization.
This conflict, civilization vs. savagery, is the substance that propels the novel forward, as so-called proper, domestic English boys, a suddenly placed in the middle of a wild jungle, this contrast causes the boys to turn feral, due to freedom and the lack of authority of the adult world. Mr. Golding uses Ralph to show the method of civilization, and Jack to show the method of savagery. Even though civilized and savage are areas on opposite ends of a stick, they run parallel to one another in certain aspects.
Today, when there is a lot of disagreement on what is evil, society assumes that evil is extrinsic, since it thinks of itself as civilized and refined, but under the right circumstances, survival and self-preservation take over to produces something vicious and feral. The concept of evil has less power than it used to. In fact, our modern society is so large and so diverse that you could probably engage in any deviant activity you wanted and still find a place in our society that would accept you. Evil exists in every human, no matter what you say. You just need something to bring it out. Bullying
mainly causes more violence, but some have argued that bullying can teach life lessons, instill strength, how to manage disputes and boost their ability to interact with others. Piggy’s, even up to the moment of his death, perspective does not change, this is probably due to the fact that he has learnt to speak up for himself, as he has been Picked on by many boys. Golding sees moral behavior, in many cases, as something that civilization forces upon the individual rather than a natural expression of human individuality. When left to their own devices, Golding implies, people naturally revert to cruelty, savagery, and barbarism.a