Major Prophets Research Paper on Jeremiah The Man Jeremiah and his Mission: The Prophet Jeremiah, son of Hilkiah, was of the priesthood race, and a native of Anathoth, a village in the tribe of Benjamin, within a few miles of Jerusalem, which had been appointed for the use of the priests, the descendants of Aaron. He was called to the prophetic office when very young; probably when he was fourteen years of age, and in the thirteenth of the reign of Josiah, 629 BC.
He continued to prophesy till after the destruction of Jerusalem by the Chaldeans, and about two years afterwards till he died in Egypt. The name Jeremiah translated from the Hebrew word yirmeyahu, means Jehovah throws. In addition, throughout the times of Jeremiah, Jehovah over threw many enemies of Judah. Jeremiahs’ Style of Writing: Many of the same characteristics may be seen in Jeremiah’s style of writing. He did not possess those gifts, which make the orator.
He did not have any of that strength and vigor, nor of that warmth of imagination, which characterize Isaiah and Micah. His usual method is to set his main thought before the mind in a succession of images. They seldom grow out of one another, but simply form a succession of illustrations, each of which is full of poetry. His simile is constantly dismissed almost before it has been fully presented to the mind in order that he may declare his meaning in plain language. This fullness of illustration is exactly in harmony with Jeremiah’s subject.
No lot could have been more dreary to a man of intense patriotism like Jeremiah than to see the ruin of his country steadily approaching, to mark each step of its advance, to have to point out its causes, and to know the sole remedy, but also to know that none would heed his words. Contemporary Kings in during Jeremiah: The kings under whom Jeremiah prophesied succeeded each other in the following order: Josiah; Jehoahaz; Jehoiachin, or Jeconiah, Jehoiakim, and Zedekiah. Only Josiah was a good king. Jehoahaz and Jehoiachin reigned for only a brief time.
Josiah, Jehoiakim, and Zedekiah are the kings who played a major role in Jeremiah’s career. Jeremiah’s Ministry: The ministry of Jeremiah really belonged to the last 18 years of Josiah’s reign. Judah’s probation was then going on, her salvation still possible; though each year Judah’s guilt became heavier, her condemnation became more certain. However, to the eye of man, her punishment seemed more remote than ever. Jehoiakim was the willing vassal of Egypt, the supreme power. No wonder that, being an irreligious man, he scorned all of Jeremiah’s predictions of utter and early ruin.
It is no wonder that he destroyed Jeremiah’s scroll, as merely the record of the outpourings of mere fanaticism. It was his last chance, his last offer of mercy: and as he threw the torn fragments of the scroll onto the fire, he symbolically threw there his royal house, his doomed city, the Temple, and all the people of the land. It was in this fourth year of Jehoiakim that Jeremiah boldly foretold the greatness of Nebuchadnezzar’s empire, and the wide limits over which it would extend. This prophecy Jer. 25 placed his life in danger, so that “the Lord hid” him and Baruch.
When Jeremiah appears again, Nebuchadnezzar was advancing upon Jerusalem to execute the prophecy contained in. In addition, with the death of Jehoiakim, the first period of Judah’s history was brought to a close. Though Jeremiah remained with Zedekiah, and tried to influence him for good, yet Jeremiah’s mission was over. Jeremiah himself testifies that the people of God had gone with Jehoiachin to Babylon. Zedekiah and those who remained in Jerusalem were only the refuse of a fruit-basket from which everything good had been removed, and their destruction was only a matter of time.
Such was the political state of things in the evil days in which Jeremiah was commissioned to make Jehovah’s last appeal to His covenant-people. Summation: After the destruction of Jerusalem, Nebuchadnezzar having made Gedaliah governor of Judea, the fractious Jews rose up against him, and put him to death; they then escaped to Tahpanhes in Egypt, carrying Jeremiah with them. Jeremiah continued to testify against their wickedness and idolatry. At length Jeremiah fell victim to his faithfulness; they filled up the measure of their iniquity, by stoning the prophet to death.
God marked this murderous outrage by his displeasure, a few years after they were almost all destroyed by the Chaldeans, which had invaded Egypt. They were consumed by the sword and by famine until there was an end of them, a small remnant only escaping. Finally, Jeremiah translated from the Hebrew means Jehovah throws. Moreover, throughout the times of Jeremiah, Jehovah over threw many enemies of Judah. Jensen, Irving L. Jensen’s Survey of the Old Testament. Chicago: Moody Bible Institute, 1978. 336-360. Rice, John R. Rice Reference Bible. Nashville: Nelson, 1981: 781; 1413-1447.