Migration to South East Nations - Southeast Asia Essay Example
Migration has, and always will be part of everyday life whether we realize it or not - Migration to South East Nations introduction. Humans have always migrated, in search of a better environment for themselves. This dates back to prehistoric times, when cavemen were constantly moving to find better living conditions. Migration is a basic human right and need. This is because a person should get to choose where they want to live, and no one should stop them. The two main factors that cause migration are push and pull factors.
Push factors are factors that make a person want to emigrate from the country, whilst a pull factor is a factor that makes a person want to immigrate into a country. One example of a big migration movement, was the emigration from China to southeastern Asia, as a result of a handful of factors. The people who migrated, did this in search of better living conditions and employment opportunities. Background: The early 20th century was very eventful for China. A lot of things happened that was life changing for many people.
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It was the year of 1911 that the Qing dynasty fell, after more than two centuries of governing. The people of China were scared for the future, since this was the only life that they were used to, not even their great grandparents knew of a life different to this. On top of this, in 1893, the Chinese government had taken away the emigration laws that previously had stopped the Chinese to emigrate from the country. This made a free path out of the country, which would have been hard a couple years before. Another push factor was the fact that agricultural space in Mainland China was overcrowding.
Since, agriculture was always a big part of the Chinese economy and culture, this created a problem. Despite all of this, these were not the only factors that persuaded the people of China to immigrate to South East Asia. Context: The majority of the migrants that moved to the southeastern Asian countries were influenced mostly by the pull factors. This is because there were more pull factors than push factors. First of all, Southeast Asia was not the only place where the Chinese moved. There was a very large number of the population that moved to North America as well as Australia.
However, this flow of migration stopped after some laws were established. There laws were called the “great white walls”. These laws made it a lot harder for people of Asian descent, especially Chinese, to immigrate to countries like the USA, Canada and Australia. This lead to new favored destinations, which were South East Asian countries. One very big reason why these countries were getting more popular was simply because it was a lot closer compared to making the journey to North America and not being guaranteed getting into the country.
In addition to this, most of the South East Asian countries had no border control and migration laws. Another pull factor was the fact that the economy was growing through the increase in export of minerals and agriculture. Each region had its own type of work to offer. The Malay Peninsula offered gardening and tin working, whilst Sumatra and Sarawak had a high employment rate in the tobacco and rubber industry. On the contrary, Singapore was well known for its prostitution industry, which attracted a large number of women.
Since there was such a variety in jobs, all of these places provided the opportunity for less educated people, as well as the poorer people, to become successful through hard work. One of the biggest pull factors for any country has always been hope. For some the hope for a better life can drive people for millions of miles. Impacts on region of origin: Impacts on region of destination: One country that experienced a large number of immigrants from China around world war one, was Singapore.
Singapore, is a part of the Malay peninsula, which had an estimated total number of 485,000 Chinese immigrants from 1876-1925. This is the larges number of Chinese immigrants, from this time, in Southeast Asia. Some people say that Singapore’s economy was built on immigrants. After the large influx of immigrants, from china as well as other parts of the world, there was a growth spurt in the country’s government, transportation and infrastructure. Furthermore, along with the Chinese immigrants, also came “secret societies”, which have shaped some of the society of Singapore today.
However, with such a large amount of immigrants, there can be a lot of negative things that come out of the situation. In Singapore, reports of crimes have risen. Along with crimes, the city becomes more crowded, which less space for the “original” settlers in the city. This got the citizens of Singapore frustrated. Interpretation: The people of China migrated to countries in South East Asia, in the search for a better life for their family and or themselves. Migration is a part of life. Even if it is moving down the road or moving to a different continent. Without it, we would not be able to do