Along Canadian history, there have been many governments with different beliefs; as a democratic country, they participate with their political parties to govern Canada. They are classified Into Majority and Minority governments; and they can bring advantages and disadvantages to Canadian people.
Much of what happens in the government relates to party politics. The politics of Canada function with strong democratic traditions and as a modern nation; it is governed by one or more political parties which are fundamental to the parliamentary system.
They all support some form of capitalism and the kind of parliamentary democracy that Canada currently lives in. Political parties are organized by different political and social ideologies that guide every single one of their actions. Of course, not all political parties have always en successful.
Their main goal Is to gain and keep power. The party that gets the most seats (more than half of all the MSP) In the House of Commons normally forms the government with that party’s leader becoming the Prime Minister.
This party would then be known as the Majority Government; and through party discipline, exercises an Incredible amount of control over the government policy and the parliament. Two parties have dominated politics In Canada: The liberal party and the Conservative Party from 1 943 to 2003.
These are the only two parties to have formed government, although often as the lead party in a minority government. Some of the advantages to Canadian people would be that more seems to get done as bills can more easily be passed in the House of Commons. Majority Governments are able to implement their policies and govern without much compromise. A disadvantage would be that the governing party seems to have lots of power with is not desirable to those who are not in favor of their ideologies and most of the time they are considered less democratic.
On the other hand, the Minority Government situation occurs when the party that holds the most seats in the House of Commons holds fewer seats (1 54 or less) than the opposition parties combined. However, to create stability, the leader chosen must have support from at least one party to become the Majority of the House. Minority governments have been common at both federal and provincial/territorial levels In Canadian history. These are some of the federal minority governments in Canada: Date Governing Party Prime Minister 1921-1925 1 OFF Milliamp Lyon Mackenzie King 1957-1958 Progressive Conservative Ion Tiebreaker 1963-1965 Liberal
Lester Pearson 1972-1974 Pierre Trusted 1979-1980 lee Clark 2004-2006 Paul Martin Conservative Stephen Harper ere advantages to Canadian people are that the Governing party requires support of other parties to pass legislation in the House of Commons. This can result in decisions being made that appeal to more Canadians and are more responsive to the public being more democratic. Some of the disadvantages would be that since passing legislation requires agreement amongst two or more parties, if parties can’t agree, little legislation is passed hindering the progress of Canada.
While these minorities have often been unstable, one must not forget that their impact on Canadian history and society has nevertheless Ben great. For example: in 1925, Mackenzie King’s Minority Liberal government agreed to implement old age pension legislation to keep the support of Progressive and Labor Party MSP; which was Implemented later in 1927. There are lots of benefits to having a minority government; such as responsiveness to take into account the views of its own elected members to ensure that legislation is passed.
Another benefit is the accountability cause they depend on other parties’ votes while opposition parties can hold a government accountable for its actions effectively by threatening or actually undertaking a vote of non-confidence or even voting down government legislation. ere last one is that Minority governments force a lot of communication between parties. For the governing party to pass bills, it must always communicate its intentions which make them more transparent. Both majority and minority governments have different ideologies of democracy, and they have brought many costive and negative changes to Canadian History and politics.
While there’s a belief that the government that holds the most seats in the House of Commons (Majority government) is better than minorities, it must be remembered that Minority governments have several benefits and advantages that puts it above Majority pass their laws, there’s a greater chance that they would reach only unanimously accepted change. This brings more democratic actions, accountability, responsiveness and transparency; and that is how all governments should act.
Cite this Minority and majority Governments
Minority and majority Governments. (2018, Jan 16). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/minority-and-majority-governments/