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MIS Midterm Essays

Question 1 A global strategy is associated with ________. Answer

high degree of global integration and low degree of local responsiveness low degree of global integration and high degree of local responsiveness low degree of global integration and lack of local responsiveness low degree of global integration and low degree of local responsiveness high degree of global integration and high degree of local responsiveness

4 points Question 2 While assessing value of the IS infrastructure, ________ value is derived from assessing the extent to which an investment helps to meet requirements for control, security, and integrity as required by a governing body or a key customer. Answer

operational

regulatory and compliance

architectural

tactical

economic

4 points Question 3 ________ is used to solve large-scale computing problems. Answer

Grid computing

Edge computing

IP convergence

Distributed computing

Trusted computing

4 points Question 4 The digital divide is one of the major ethical challenges facing society today when you consider the strong linkage between computer literacy and a person's ability to compete in the information age. Which of the following statements, if true, would widen the digital divide? Answer

Certain IT firms are conducting exclusive research to make the technology product life-cycle longer. Companies like Microsoft and Berkshire Hathaway have invested billions of dollars in research on information technology. The increase in the need for innovative technology has increased the cost of research, which has resulted in an increase in the cost of computing. IT firms are concerned about and are conducting extensive research on the obsolescence of technology. According to Moore's law, the cost of computing is expected to decrease drastically over the next few years.

4 points Question 5 Which of the following is as an example of nearshoring? Answer

T-Mobile moves part of its content development process from India to the Czech Republic. Parts of Airbus and Boeing airplanes are designed and engineered in Moscow, Russia. British Airways moves customer relations and passenger revenue accounting to India. Worldwide banking group HSBC moves back-office operations to India. McKinsey sets up a global research division in India.

4 points Question 6 Aircraft manufacturer Boeing designed its new 787 Dreamliner aircraft in Russia, making use of the availability of highly skilled aeronautical engineers. Identify this strategy. Answer

licensing

outsourcing

in-sourcing

franchising

offshoring

4 points Question 7 To deploy innovative information systems well, people in the organization must be willing to do whatever they can to bypass and eliminate internal bureaucracy, set aside political squabbles, and pull together for the common good. These requirements can be categorized as ________ requirements. Answer

customer

resource

quality

risk tolerance

process

4 points Question 8 ________ is used to increase Web application performance. Answer

Green computing

Trusted computing

Edge computing

Distributed computing

IP convergence

4 points Question 9 Which of the following is a disadvantage of firms that pursue a global strategy? Answer

limited knowledge transfer between individual subsidiaries

lack of control over subsidiaries

inability to react quickly to local challenges and opportunities lack of interest in obtaining additional knowledge about foreign operations inability to control decentralization

4 points Question 10 Any input your computer receives is digitized and then is processed by the CPU. Which of the following explains the meaning of the word "digitized" in the preceding sentence?

Answer

encrypted in the operating system

converted into application software

translated into binary code

stored in random-access memory

stored in a hard drive

4 points Question 11 Which of the following is a disadvantage for firms pursuing a multi-domestic business strategy? Answer

inability to react quickly to local challenges and opportunities lack of interest in obtaining additional knowledge about foreign operations restriction of decision-making ability of subsidiaries

exerting unnecessary control over subsidiaries

limited knowledge transfer between individual subsidiaries

4 points Question 12 ________ refers to the delegation of a company's logistics operations to a subcontractor that specializes in that operation. Answer

In-sourcing

In-forming

Outsourcing

Offshoring

Licensing

4 points Question 13 The standard method of specifying the format of Web pages is called ________. Answer

Extensible Markup Language (XML)

Practical Extraction and Report Language (PERL)

Structured Query Language (SQL)

Assembly Language (AL)

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

4 points Question 14 Which of the following statements is true about open source software? Answer

These programs' source code is freely available for use and/or modification.These programs do not include systems software.

They are back-up software used when a system is converting from systems to application software. These programs do not include application software.

These programs are used by a few professional users.

4 points Question 15 Which of the following is an example of a best-cost provider strategy? Answer

Global furniture retailer Ikea provides customers with "affordable solutions for better living"by offering home furnishings that combine good design, function, and quality with low prices. Walmart's everyday low prices (EDLP) strategy hinges upon Walmart's ability to obtain consumer goods at the cheapest possible price and pass these savings on to consumers. Toyota's Lexus brand is considered a luxury car. Some of Lexus' models like the ES model, however, are in the midrange of prices for cars. Manufacturers like Ferrari, Aston Martin, and Lamborghini compete in the tiny super car category with prices starting at $150,000 and running as high as $600,000. Big Dog builds motorcycles that target only the very high end of the heavyweight market—the high-end premium cruiser market—with names such as Pitbull, Wolf, Mastiff, and Bulldog.

4 points Question 16 Which of the following statements is true about the infrastructure as a service model? Answer

The customer has no knowledge or control over the underlying infrastructure and has only limited ability to control or configure application-specific settings. The customer has to manage the licenses for the operating systems being used. The user has control over the applications but has limited or no control over the underlying infrastructure. The customer can run his or her own applications that are typically designed using tools provided by the service provider. The customer uses an application provided via a cloud infrastructure.

4 points Question 17 A global project called One Laptop per Child is attempting to distribute low-cost laptop computers to children in developing countries around the world in an attempt to shrink the ________. Answer

electronic gap

knowledge gap

digital divide

horizontal disparity

power distance

4 points Question 18 Which of the following tasks is performed by the application software? Answer

presenting information via a monitor

writing a business letter

saving data to a disk

printing documents

updating the system clock

4 points Question 19 Which of the following types of computer software utilities is used to archive files from hard disks to tapes, flash drives, or other storage devices? Answer

backup

file defragmentation

disk and data recovery

device drivers

data compression

4 points Question 20 Which of the following best explains the process of moving business processes or tasks to another company? Answer

in-sourcing

exporting

outsourcing

offshoring

in-forming

4 points Question 21 A(n) ________ is a unique identifier that should be created and used when designing a database for each type of entity, in order to store and retrieve data accurately. Answer

foreign key

candidate key

surrogate key

primary key

superkey

4 points Question 22 Which of the following defines marginal cost? Answer

It is the cost of an alternative that must be forgone in order to pursue a certain action. It is the cost that has already been incurred and cannot be recovered. It is the cost of producing an additional unit of output.

It is the cost that is not dependent on the level of goods or services produced by the business. It is the cost incurred in making an economic exchange.

4 points Question 23 Companies pursuing a(n) ________ strategy attempt to achieve economies of scale by producing identical products in large quantities for a variety of different markets. Answer

global

export

multidomestic

international

home-replication

4 points Question 24 Jane Estroisch works as a manager in a multi-domestic firm. She focuses on the long-term questions facing the organization such as which countries to compete in and what organizational policies to follow. Jane is in the ________ level of the organization. Answer

functional

tactical

operational

managerial

executive

4 points Question 25 The ability to independently learn new technologies as they emerge and assess their impact on your work and life is called ________. Answer

computer compatibility

computer assisted learning

computer programming

computer adaptation

computer fluency

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