Mobile Technology in Education - Literature Review
Mobile Technology in Education With its vast development in the past decade, mobile technology is playing an inevitable role in this 21st century - Mobile Technology in Education - Literature Review introduction. Whether it is in the areas of technology development, business and economy, mass media etc. , what mobile technology can bring to people is certainly holding an escalating significance. Education, which is a crucial element of a society, is also finding mobile technology a benefiting tool for better development.
Educators and researchers have been investigating the advantages of incorporating mobile technology into education. This review is showing three main benefits of using mobile technology in education. Mobility Over the previous decades, wired technology had been used in education, higher education especially, for learners to access learning materials and resources. However, in this vast developing world, efficiency in teaching and learning is coming up the priority list.
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With wired technology, there is a lack of mobility in terms of resources access. Learners cannot access information and resources anytime, anywhere through wired technology. “The use of mobile wireless technologies can overcome the limitation of educational flexibility with wired technology. ” (Kim, Mims, & Holmes, 2006, p. 78) Through mobile technology, learners can be able to gain access to information and resources, with any limitations of time and location.
Most universities and tertiary educational institutes provide wi-fi networks for students. With either mobile wireless computers, personal digital assistants (PDAs) or mobile wireless phones, students can then access educational information and resources they need, and they can retrieve the information anytime, and anywhere through their mobile wireless devices. The mobility in accessing information is certainly one of the crucial advantages of using mobile technology in education.
Collaborative Learning According to the Collaborative Learning theory (Vygotsky 1978), learners learn best in their Zone of Proximal Development, which the learning process involves collaboration between learners and their peers, and promotes learning through social interaction. “Both the capabilities of mobile devices and their wide context of use contribute to their propensity to foster collaboration. ” (Naismith, Lonsdale, Vavoula & Sharples, 2004, p. 5) The conversion between learners can enhance learning, thus making learning a more effective process for the learners involved. By questioning and sharing descriptions of information, learners can gain a shared understanding of knowledge. This shared knowledge is usually more comprehensive compared to the pool of knowledge a single learner can acquire through self-learning. Mobile technology comes in to provide a platform for learners to share their learning insights and experiences.
An example like online discussion boards in many schools’ intranet systems, where students can be able to access other peers’ views on certain educational topics, as well as giving timely and original responses. This enriches learners’ own understanding towards the subjects. Informal and Lifelong Learning Learning does not only happen in classrooms; it can happen anytime and is affected by the circumstances surrounding us. Informal and lifelong learning can be defined as various kinds of activities that support learning, but do not happen in the scope of a fixed educational curriculum or environment. Such a broad view of learning takes it outside the classroom and, by default, embeds learning in everyday life, thus emphasising the value of mobile technologies in supporting it. ” (Naismith et al. , 2004, p. 3) Mobile technology, under the case of informal and lifelong learning, acts as a bridge to connect people and informal learning in their everyday lives. “The personal and portable nature of mobile technologies makes them very strong candidates for recording, reflecting on and sharing this type of informal learning. (Naismith et al. , 2004, p. 18) Mobile technology is certainly blending learning into people’s everyday lives in a more effortless way. Reference Kim, S. H. , Mims, C. , & Holmes, K. P. (2006). An introduction to current trends and benefits of mobile wireless technology use in higher education. AACE Journal, 14(1), 77-100. Naismith, L. , Lonsdale, P. , Vavoula, G. , & Sharples, M. (2004). Literature review in mobile technologies and learning. Bristol: NESTA Futurelab.