Mohandas Gandhi was born in Porbandar (In the state of Gujarat) on the 2nd of October, 1869. He was educated at university College, London. After this, he went back to India to begin his Law profession but had no luck and moved to South Africa. Gandhi found that in South Africa he was considered as a second class citizen even though he was a well educated Lawyer. This started his first ‘mission’. To get India’s residing in South Africa equal rights.
In this action he discovered a technique of resistance that is non-violent and more to the fact of accepting a persons violence, allowing them to so the damage they inflict on you, and letting them feel guilty (In a way). This for of resistance is formally known as Passive Resistance. The mission he was fighting for did not quite work and after 20 years of on-and-off imprisonment, he want back to India.
At the time, India was under the rule of the British Empire.
Gandhi devised a form of a political group to make a free and independent India. The forms of activities this group participated in were protect marches, gatherings and this was all done with Passive Resistance. During Gandhi’s life, he was so into this idea of Passive Resistance, if anyone that wanted an Independent India resorted to violence, he would fast until the violence stopped. he did this a number of times and it always worked. Also if he created notes, memos or writings about India’s home rule, the government would throw him in jail. The great thing about Gandhi is that he never denied a true accusation and happily was taken of to jail. I believe that Gandhi once said ‘It is not as if I am sentenced to prison, just taking an extended holiday.’.
The qualities that Gandhi had were very respectable. He was a very well educated man, he was articulate and very true in his words. Everything he seemed to say was so meaningful and so to the point, that is very inspiring to anyone. He had a good personality and a loving husband and father. Also, he did not see himself as one religion, he saw himself as a Christian, a Hindu and a Muslim. He did not restrict himself too one category. Instead he stated that we all prayer to the same God and in this, was a very special.
The Circumstances to Gandhi’s was very tragic. Whilst he was going for his evening prayer meeting, he was assassinated by a man by the name of Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic. Gandhi’s death was considered as an international catastrophe in that even a period of morning was set aside during The United Nations General Assembly. People believed and still believe in the concept of Passive Resistance environmental protest. but even more famous, Martin Luther King Jr. used the concept of Passive Resistance was used in the liberation of black people from the strong hold of Segregation (The separation of Blacks and Whites). This was effective in Mr. King campaign also. So I strongly believe that people can learn a lot from Gandhi and Mr. King. In that Passive Resistance creates a non-violent way of getting what is rightfully yours.
World Book 1999
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